The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,287 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
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How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Ibáñez R, Imas M, López M L, Mayo R M (2018): PAMP-tracheo: Vascular plants in Pamplona and surroundings (Navarra, Spain). Undergraduate thesis, R. Mayo. v1.2. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/zhbplm
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a4442622-3162-4b2e-b47b-29828f7bb853. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Occurrence; Specimen; flora; herbarium; Navarra; northern Spain; Pamplona; vascular plants
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Specimens were collected in the city of Pamplona (Navarra, northern Spain) and sourroundings. The site studied covers an area of over 23 km2. Country: Spain. Province: Navarra (N Spain). Municipality: Pamplona and other municipalities nearby.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [42.697, -1.827], North East [43.029, -1.491]|
Out of a total of 2287 specimens, 2274 were identified to species or subspecies level. They belong to 509 species or subspecies and 61 families of vascular plants.
|Phylum||Tracheophyta (vascular plants)|
|Class||Equisetopsida (horsetails), Liliopsida (monocots), Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons), Polypodiopsida (modern ferns)|
|Start Date / End Date||1974-05-25 / 1978-11-27|
The vascular flora of the city of Pamplona (northern Spain) and surroundings was assessed. An inventory was conducted based on fieldwork and taxa were identified.
|Title||Undergraduate thesis project R.M. Mayo: “Flora vascular de Pamplona y sus alrededores”.|
|Funding||Digitization and georeferencing of the herbarium specimens have been supported through the project: “Informatización y adecuación a la red GBIF de colecciones de plantas vasculares depositadas en el herbario de la Universidad de Navarra-PAMP. Fase II”. Reference: CGL2011-15056-E. Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. Gobierno de España. Principal investigator: Ricardo Ibáñez.|
|Study Area Description||The city is in the middle of Navarra (northern Spain), at 450 m.a.s.l., and is surrounded by a mountain belt with a height of about 1000 m.a.s.l. The area studied is close to the boundary between the Mediterranean and Eurosiberian biogeographical regions. The climate of Pamplona is oceanic with Mediterranean influences of some drier months in summer.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Samples were collected between the years 1974 and 1978, but most of the specimens were collected in the last two years.
|Study Extent||The specimens were collected in the city of Pamplona (Navarra, northern Spain) and surroundings.|
Method step description:
- Plant collection. Plant vouchers were selected and collected in the field.
- Identification to species or subspecies level. Identification was performed between 1974 and 1978 mainly by R.M. Mayo and M.L. López using Flora europaea (Tutin et al. 1964-1976) and Flore de la France (Coste 1900-1906).
- Plant conservation. Specimens were dried and pressed for conservation using standard protocols. Vouchers were deposited in the herbarium of the University of Navarra.
- Numbering and digitization of vouchers. From 2012 to date, each specimen was labelled, with a unique collection number, and digitized, using HERBAR software (v3.7.1 Pando et al. 1994-2010).
- Revision of species identification. Original identification of some herbarium specimens was revised. Between June 2013 and January 2018, the identification of 49 specimens was corrected and refined in 54, either by providing the specific or the subspecific epithet.
- Nomenclature was updated using Flora iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2015).
- Names of municipalities, localities and place names were updated according to Toponimia Oficial de Navarra (http://toponimianavarra.tracasa.es/).
- Georeferencing. Localities were georeferenced using geographic or UTM or coordinates. Datum and uncertainty were also assigned.
- Internet exportation. Data were exported from the HERBAR database under a Darwin Core format (Wieczorek et al. 2012).
- Data checking and validation. Coordinates, characters and format of dates were checked for possible mistakes using Darwin test software (v3.3, Ortega-Maqueda & Pando 2008). This software allowed validating data in the Darwin Core format.
- Metadata were documented and the dataset was published in the GBIF data portal using the Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT v2.3.5) of GBIF.es (http://ipt.gbif.es/).
|Collection Name||Herbario PAMP: colección PAMPLONA_Mayo|
|Specimen preservation methods||Dried and pressed|
|Curatorial Units||Count 2,287 +/- 1 sheets|
- Mayo RM (1978): Flora vascular de Pamplona y alrededores. Undergraduate thesis. University of Navarra.
- Coste H (1900-1906). Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes. Libr. Des Scien. Nat. P. Klincksieek. Paris.
- Ortega-Maqueda I, Pando F (2008): DARWIN TEST (3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 o Darwin Core Archive. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, España. http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php
- Pando F et al. (1994–2010): HERBAR (3.7): Una aplicación de bases de datos para gestión de herbarios. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, España. http://www.gbif.es/herbar/herbar.php
- Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM,Valentine DH, Walters SM & Webb DA (eds.) (1964-1976): Flora Europaea, Vols. 1-4, Cambridge UniversityPress, Cambridge.
- Wieczorek J, Bloom D, Guralnick R, Blum S, Döring M, Giovanni R, Robertson T, Vieglais D (2012): Darwin Core: An evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715
The origin of the PAMP Herbarium dates back to the arrival at the University of Navarra by Professor T.M. Losa España in 1964. One year later M.L. López Fernández began her doctoral thesis, maintaining her contributions to the herbarium uninterruptedly for several decades. Most of the material deposited in the herbarium comes from collections made by researchers from the Department of Environmental Biology (formerly Department of Botany) of the University of Navarra, as a result of theses and dissertations generally carried out in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Navarra (Spain). The herbarium store c. 100 000 sheets with dried specimens. The digitisation of the specimens has been done through the HERBAR v3.7.1 software (Pando et al., 1994-2010) and was supported by the Spanish Government (CGL2007-30978-E, CGL2009-08507-E and CGL2011-15056-E).