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Fishes in MZNA-VERT: anatomy of cyprinids of Spain. PhD project, Rafael Miranda

Última versión Publicado por University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology en Nov 30, 2018 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

Scientist studying diet of piscivorous animales found difficulties determining fish species from skeletal remains. The purpose of this project was to find an identification method for cyprinids of the Iberian Peninsula using their bony structures (scales, cleithra and operculum) and use them to determine the size and body mass of these fish (Miranda 1997).

More than 1000 individuals belonging to 26 species of cyprinidae family present in Spain were analysed. Description of anatomical features related with cleithra, opercula and scales morphology allowed the specific discrimination of individuals and the elaboration of an identification key for the family.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 1,249 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    1249
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    2225

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 1,249 registros en Inglés (42 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (26 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (17 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

MZNA (2016): Fishes in MZNA-VERT: anatomy of cyprinids of Spain. PhD project, Rafael Miranda. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_ichty-trmp&v=1.0

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 8256c79a-3826-4d40-a65c-35a0321e49c6.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Spain.

Palabras Clave

Occurrence; cyprinids; Spain; identification; skeletal remains; Specimen

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

MZNA Museum of Zoology
Institution
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 34 948 425 600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Professor
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES +34948425600

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Proveedor de los Metadatos
Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Investigador Principal
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Lecturer
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Custodio de los Datos
Arturo Ariño Plana
Head of the Museum
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curador
Ángel Chaves Illana
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curador
Ana Amézcua Martínez
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curador
María Imas Lecumberri
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Investigador Principal
Carmen Escala Urdapilleta
Researcher
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES

Cobertura Geográfica

All specimens were collected in different rivers of the Ebro, Duero, Guadalquivir, Guadiana, Turia, Tajo and Muga basins (Spain).

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [36.71, -7.54], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [43.73, 2.62]

Cobertura Taxonómica

All specimens were identified to the species level when possible. Twenty-eight species were recorded as well as some specimens of the genus Barbus non identified. Twenty-five species belong to the Cyprinidae family. The rest of the collected species belong to the families Salmonidae (Salmo trutta), Centrarchidae (Lepomis gibbosus) and Cobitidae (Cobitis paludica). In number of individuals, the most abundant family is Cyprinidae, with the 99% of the captures. Moreover, 17 species recorded in this dataset are endemic from the Iberian Peninsula and 7 are introduced.

Género  Barbus sp
Especie  Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed),  Cobitis paludica (Southern Iberian spined-loach),  Achondrostoma arcasii (Bermejuela),  Alburnus alburnus (Bleak),  Barbus haasi (Iberian redfin barbel),  Barbus meridionalis (Western Mediterranean barbel),  Carassius auratus (Goldfish),  Cyprinus carpio (Carp),  Gobio lozanoi (Pyrenean gudgeon),  Iberochondrostoma lemmingii (Iberian arched-mouth nase),  Luciobarbus bocagei (Iberian barbel),  Luciobarbus comizo (Iberian long-snout barbel),  Luciobarbus graellsii (Ebro barbel),  Luciobarbus guiraonis (Eastern Iberian barbel),  Luciobarbus microcephalus (Iberian small-head barbel),  Luciobarbus sclateri (Southern Iberian barbel),  Parachondrostoma miegii (Ebro nase),  Phoxinus bigerri (Pyrenean minnow),  Pseudochondrostoma polylepis (Iberian straight-mouth nase),  Rutilus rutilus (Roach),  Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Rudd),  Squalius carolitertii (Northern Iberian chub),  Squalius laietanus (Ebro chub),  Squalius pyrenaicus (Southern Iberian chub),  Squalius valentinus (Eastern iberian chub),  Tinca tinca (Tench),  Squalius alburnoides (Calandino),  Salmo trutta (Brown trout)

Cobertura Temporal

Época de Existencia 1992-1996

Datos del Proyecto

The purpose of this project was to find an identification method of cyprinids using bony structures (scales, cleithra and operculum) and use them to determine the size and body mass of these fish.

Título Estudio anatómico de las escamas, el opérculo y el cleitro de los ciprínidos presentes en España. Su valor taxonómico.
Fuentes de Financiación NA
Descripción del Área de Estudio The specimens were collected in different rivers of the Ebro, Duero, Tajo, Guadiana, Guadalquivir, Turia and Muga basins (Spain), in the provinces of Navarra, Cataluña, Castilla y León, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Castilla y la Mancha and Andalucía.
Descripción del Diseño NA

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Autor
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Investigador Principal
Carmen Escala Urdapilleta

Métodos de Muestreo

The main sampling method was electric fishing. The samplings were focused in obtaining samples of individuals belonging to the species considered in the study. The captured individuals were sedated with 2-phenoxyethanol, identified and measured (total length in mm). Some cyprinid specimens were euthanized, studied on the laboratory and deposited on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain).

Área de Estudio The specimens were captured in 31 localities dispersed through Spain between the years 1992 and 1996.
Control de Calidad Species identification was performed by R. Miranda using suitable literature (Maitland & Linsell 1977) and scientific names were validated using the W. N. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer 2014). Specimens were returned to the river or deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. Each specimen was labelled with a unique collection number. Darwin test software (v3.3 Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) was used to check out possible mistakes in the coordinates, characters and the format of dates.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Specimens were sampled following the procedure described in the Sampling description section. Non processed specimens are stored in labelled jars on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. From the individuals selected for the anatomical study, opercula and cleithra were prepared, as well as six scales from the anterior, mid and posterior dorsal areas of the body. Skeletal structures were prepared for the anatomical identification study and are dried preserved in zip plastic bags. Field data was revised, digitalised and incorporated to the MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991). The dataset was exported to DarwinCore v1.4 format and revised to correct errors to adequate it to DarwinCore standars. Metadata information was added and the Darwin Core Archive was incorporated to the Spanish GBIF IPT.

Datos de la Colección

Nombre de la Colección Tesis de Rafael Miranda
Identificador de la Colección Parental http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Secado
Unidades Curatoriales Conteo 1,249 +/- 1 (dried) zip plastic bags

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Maitland P. S. & Linsell K. (1977). Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe. Philips, Seattle.
  2. Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (eds). CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Acessed 23/02/2015.
  3. Ortega-Maqueda, I. & Pando, F. (2008). DARWIN_TEST (V3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4, http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php (08/11/2014). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, España.
  4. Miranda R. (1997). Estudio anatómico de las escamas, el opérculo y el cleitro de los ciprínidos presentes en España. Su valor taxonómico. Departamento de Zoología y Ecología, Universidad de Navarra. PhD thesis.
  5. Ariño A.H. (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647-652.
  6. Miranda R. & Escala M.C. (2002) Guía de identificación de restos óseos de los Cirpínidos presentes en España. Serie Zoologica 28: 1-239

Metadatos Adicionales

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.

Propósito The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of freshwater fishes related with the project thesis of Dr. Miranda. The purpose of this dataset is to provide the information of the skeletal structures of the 1199 specimens analysed that are stored in the facilities of the Museum MZNA. According to the project, these pieces provide stable morphological characters to differentiate most of the 26 species considered and to create dichotomous keys to identify them.
Descripción de mantenimiento Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.
Identificadores Alternativos doi:10.15470/9nnmwv
8256c79a-3826-4d40-a65c-35a0321e49c6
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=mzna_ichty-trmp