Scientist studying diet of piscivorous animales found difficulties determining fish species from skeletal remains. The purpose of this project was to find an identification method for cyprinids of the Iberian Peninsula using their bony structures (scales, cleithra and operculum) and use them to determine the size and body mass of these fish (Miranda 1997).
More than 1000 individuals belonging to 26 species of cyprinidae family present in Spain were analysed. Description of anatomical features related with cleithra, opercula and scales morphology allowed the specific discrimination of individuals and the elaboration of an identification key for the family.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,249 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
MZNA (2016): Fishes in MZNA-VERT: anatomy of cyprinids of Spain. PhD project, Rafael Miranda. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_ichty-trmp&v=1.0
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 8256c79a-3826-4d40-a65c-35a0321e49c6. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Occurrence; Specimen; Occurrence; Cyprinids; Spain; identification; skeletal remains
- Metadata Provider
- Principal Investigator
- Point Of Contact
- Point Of Contact
- Custodian Steward
All specimens were collected in different rivers of the Ebro, Duero, Guadalquivir, Guadiana, Turia, Tajo and Muga basins (Spain).
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [36.71, -7.54], North East [43.73, 2.62]|
All specimens were identified to the species level when possible. Twenty-eight species were recorded as well as some specimens of the genus Barbus non identified. Twenty-five species belong to the Cyprinidae family. The rest of the collected species belong to the families Salmonidae (Salmo trutta), Centrarchidae (Lepomis gibbosus) and Cobitidae (Cobitis paludica). In number of individuals, the most abundant family is Cyprinidae, with the 99% of the captures. Moreover, 17 species recorded in this dataset are endemic from the Iberian Peninsula and 7 are introduced.
|Species||Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed), Cobitis paludica (Southern Iberian spined-loach), Achondrostoma arcasii (Bermejuela), Alburnus alburnus (Bleak), Barbus haasi (Iberian redfin barbel), Barbus meridionalis (Western Mediterranean barbel), Carassius auratus (Goldfish), Cyprinus carpio (Carp), Gobio lozanoi (Pyrenean gudgeon), Iberochondrostoma lemmingii (Iberian arched-mouth nase), Luciobarbus bocagei (Iberian barbel), Luciobarbus comizo (Iberian long-snout barbel), Luciobarbus graellsii (Ebro barbel), Luciobarbus guiraonis (Eastern Iberian barbel), Luciobarbus microcephalus (Iberian small-head barbel), Luciobarbus sclateri (Southern Iberian barbel), Parachondrostoma miegii (Ebro nase), Phoxinus bigerri (Pyrenean minnow), Pseudochondrostoma polylepis (Iberian straight-mouth nase), Rutilus rutilus (Roach), Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Rudd), Squalius carolitertii (Northern Iberian chub), Squalius laietanus (Ebro chub), Squalius pyrenaicus (Southern Iberian chub), Squalius valentinus (Eastern iberian chub), Tinca tinca (Tench), Squalius alburnoides (Calandino), Salmo trutta (Brown trout)|
|Living Time Period||1992-1996|
The purpose of this project was to find an identification method of cyprinids using bony structures (scales, cleithra and operculum) and use them to determine the size and body mass of these fish.
|Title||Estudio anatómico de las escamas, el opérculo y el cleitro de los ciprínidos presentes en España. Su valor taxonómico.|
|Study Area Description||The specimens were collected in different rivers of the Ebro, Duero, Tajo, Guadiana, Guadalquivir, Turia and Muga basins (Spain), in the provinces of Navarra, Cataluña, Castilla y León, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Castilla y la Mancha and Andalucía.|
The personnel involved in the project:
- Principal Investigator
The main sampling method was electric fishing. The samplings were focused in obtaining samples of individuals belonging to the species considered in the study. The captured individuals were sedated with 2-phenoxyethanol, identified and measured (total length in mm). Some cyprinid specimens were euthanized, studied on the laboratory and deposited on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain).
|Study Extent||The specimens were captured in 31 localities dispersed through Spain between the years 1992 and 1996.|
|Quality Control||Species identification was performed by R. Miranda using suitable literature (Maitland & Linsell 1977) and scientific names were validated using the W. N. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer 2014). Specimens were returned to the river or deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. Each specimen was labelled with a unique collection number. Darwin test software (v3.3 Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) was used to check out possible mistakes in the coordinates, characters and the format of dates.|
Method step description:
- Specimens were sampled following the procedure described in the Sampling description section. Non processed specimens are stored in labelled jars on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. From the individuals selected for the anatomical study, opercula and cleithra were prepared, as well as six scales from the anterior, mid and posterior dorsal areas of the body. Skeletal structures were prepared for the anatomical identification study and are dried preserved in zip plastic bags. Field data was revised, digitalised and incorporated to the MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991). The dataset was exported to DarwinCore v1.4 format and revised to correct errors to adequate it to DarwinCore standars. Metadata information was added and the Darwin Core Archive was incorporated to the Spanish GBIF IPT.
|Collection Name||Tesis de Rafael Miranda|
|Parent Collection Identifier||http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169|
|Specimen preservation methods||Dried|
|Curatorial Units||Count 1,249 +/- 1 (dried) zip plastic bags|
- Maitland P. S. & Linsell K. (1977). Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe. Philips, Seattle.
- Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (eds). CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Acessed 23/02/2015.
- Ortega-Maqueda, I. & Pando, F. (2008). DARWIN_TEST (V3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4, http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php (08/11/2014). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, España.
- Miranda R. (1997). Estudio anatómico de las escamas, el opérculo y el cleitro de los ciprínidos presentes en España. Su valor taxonómico. Departamento de Zoología y Ecología, Universidad de Navarra. PhD thesis.
- Ariño A.H. (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647-652.
- Miranda R. & Escala M.C. (2002) Guía de identificación de restos óseos de los Cirpínidos presentes en España. Serie Zoologica 28: 1-239
The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.
|Purpose||The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of freshwater fishes related with the project thesis of Dr. Miranda. The purpose of this dataset is to provide the information of the skeletal structures of the 1199 specimens analysed that are stored in the facilities of the Museum MZNA. According to the project, these pieces provide stable morphological characters to differentiate most of the 26 species considered and to create dichotomous keys to identify them.|
|Maintenance Description||Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.|