Registros biológicos

INIA-CRF (CSIC) Plant genetic resources for agriculture and food active collection

Última versión Publicado por INIA. Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (CSIC) en 14 de octubre de 2022 INIA. Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (CSIC)

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 22.626 registros en Español (1 MB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (18 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (17 KB)

Descripción

The mission of the CRF is to contribute to preserve and sustainably use of genetic diversity of native plant varieties and neglected old varieties. Thus, the CRF conserves and uses landraces, crop wild relatives and other species that are no-longer-used but which have genetic potential value for food and agriculture, making available the heritage of Spanish agrobiodiversity, which is key for Agrofood Innovation as well as for the fulfilment of the environmental objectives of sustainable development. The term Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) refers to this group of materials. One of the main CRF's functions is the Conservation and Characterization of an important part of this diversity such are the Active Collections of Winter Cereals (wheat, barley, rye, avena) and Grain Legumes (chickpea, lentils, vetch, common bean) and some industrial crops (sunflower, cotton). At July 2022 that collections were composed by 22626 accessions identified by passport data established following the FAO/Biodiversity Multicrop Passport Descriptors including: identification code in holding institution, taxonomic information and common and local name, data of the collection site, biological status, acquisition sources and storage condition. More information about this collection and a template to request this material are available at www.bancocrf.inia.es.

Registros

Los datos en este recurso de registros biológicos han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 22.626 registros.

también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

Occurrence (core)
22626
GermplasmAccession 
22626

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

De la Rosa L (2022): INIA-CRF (CSIC) Plant genetic resources for agriculture and food active collection. v1.1. INIA. Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (CSIC). Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/xtpggq

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es INIA. Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (CSIC). Este trabajo está autorizado bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución/Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional (CC-BY) 4.0.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 2a3d5f9f-9362-4fce-bd11-d2f9146ba35d.  INIA. Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (CSIC) publica este recurso y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Spain.

Palabras clave

occurrence; Specimen; plants; conservation; agrobiodiversity; food and agriculture; cereal; grain legumes; industrial crops; use collection

Datos externos

Los datos del recurso también están disponibles en otros formatos

Spanish National Inventory of Plant Genetic Resources (former version) https://webx.inia.es//web_inventario_nacional/Introduccioneng.asp ASCII Online search engine
CRF characterization data https://webx.inia.es//web_inventario_nacional/Caracterizacioneng.asp ASCII Online search engine
EURISCO https://eurisco.ipk-gatersleben.de/apex/eurisco_ws/r/eurisco/home ASCII Online search engine
GENESYS https://www.genesys-pgr.org/ ASCII Online search engine

Contactos

Luis M Guasch
  • Punto De Contacto
Director
INIA-CSIC, Centro Nacional de Recurso Fitogenéticos
Finca La Canaleja, Autovia A-2 km 36
28805 Alcalá de Henares
Madrid
ES
+34 915026688
Lucia De la Rosa
  • Proveedor De Contenido
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
  • Originador
  • Punto De Contacto
Staff Researcher
INIA, Centro Nacional de Recurso Fitogenéticos
Finca La Canaleja, Autovia A-2 km 36
28805 Alcalá de Henares
Madrid
ES
+34 915026670

Cobertura geográfica

CRF's active collection included accessions collected in 102 different countries

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-90, -180], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [90, 180]

Cobertura taxonómica

CRF's active collections includes accessions belong to 417 different taxa

Reino Plantae

Cobertura temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1901-01-01 / 2022-03-13

Métodos de muestreo

Plant genetics resources acquisition procedure used at the CRF follow the international standards available at: https://www.fao.org/3/i3704e/i3704e.pdf

Área de Estudio CRF's active collection included accessions collected in 102 different countries, most of them collected in Spain
Control de Calidad Seed status regarding germination and viability is checking every ten year for most of the conserved species. Germination tests are performed according to international standards for germplasm banks.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. The methodology is different depending on the type of material to be collected. Collecting cultivated varieties: - Prospecting to determine the collection area - Contact with local agriculture staff and potential donors of local varieties - Schedule germplasm collecting mission to make collection at harvest time of after farmers harvest - Collect seed of crop species from farmer's fields, stores or local market - On-site collection of passport data, uses, agricultural cycles and other interesting information - Uniquely identify each sample. - Package the materials in optimal conditions until delivery to the genebank facilities. A part of the seeds conserved coming from regeneration/multiplication essays carried out at CRF facilities of other colaborating's institution. In these cases, seed are obtained after the field growing cycles most accurate for each species.
  2. Collection of wild species - List the species of interest - Apply, for each species and location, for the requested collection permits - Locate the distribution of these species on the basis of bibliographic information. - Establish a work schedule according to the phenological cycles of the target species in order to identify the species and to collect at the optimum stage of seed maturation. To optimize this information, it is essential to contact with local botanists. - Field seed collection of the species of interest at the optimum stage of maturity, avoiding elements in poor condition and contaminating seeds. - Collect information of passport data, including, if possible, nearby plant communities. - Uniquely identify each sample. - Package the materials in optimal conditions until delivery to the genebank facilities. A part of the seeds conserved coming from regeneration/multiplication essays carried out at CRF facilities of other colaborating's institution. In these cases, seed are obtained after the field growing cycles most accurate for each species.

Datos de la colección

Nombre de la Colección INIA-CRF (CSIC) Plant genetic resources for agriculture and food active collection
Identificador de la Colección https://webx.inia.es/web_coleccionescrf/BancoCRF.asp
Identificador de la Colección Parental No aplica
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Otro
Unidades curatoriales Entre 100 y 20.000 Semillas

Metadatos adicionales

The request for these materials, to be used in the above mentioned activities, can be made using the form included in the National Inventory of Plant Genetic Resources web site (https://bancocrf.inia.es/es/). The shipment will be made after signing the corresponding material transfer agreement (FAO Standard Material Transfer Agreement or other MTA).

Propósito The aim of this active seed collection is it use in research, breeding and training or direct use. The collection includes mainly local varieties or landraces of crops to be used on food and agriculture, wild relatives, mainly crop wild relatives and breeding material and obsolete commercial varieties. The most important group, with 71% of the total of more than 22,600 accessions includes local varieties collected in Spain. All this material is of current and potential interest as a source of genes that allow the design of new varieties to give response the needs of the new agricultural systems, both in the search for responses to climate change and to the new demands of users. The recovery of local varieties of interest is another of the uses of these materials.
Descripción de mantenimiento The seeds of the CRF's active collection are stored at low temperature and maintained with a low moisture content (<7%). This collection is stored at temperatures of -4ºC in airtight resealable glass containers with humidity indicator as a control- measure.
Identificadores alternativos 10.15470/xtpggq
2a3d5f9f-9362-4fce-bd11-d2f9146ba35d
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=inia-crf-activa