Mammals camera trap survey in eastern Sierra Nevada (Spain)

Evento de amostragem
Versão mais recente published by Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC) on set 19, 2023 Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 47 registros em English (60 KB) - Frequência de atualização: não plenejado
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The current data set provides all mammals recorded during a camera-trap survey performed in eastern Sierra Nevada (Southeastern Iberian peninsula) in order to detect wildcats (Felis silvestris) within the subproject "Feral Cats" of the SUMHAL macroproject. Forty-seven camera-traps were deployed between April 2022 and December 2022.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de evento de amostragem foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 47 registros.

Também existem 1 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Sanglas A, Palomares F (2023). Mammals camera trap survey in eastern Sierra Nevada (Spain). Version 2.2. Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC). Samplingevent dataset.


Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 862f859d-834f-446e-ba05-e82674855b88.  Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC) publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por GBIF Spain.


camera trap; carnivores; distribution; mammals; Mediterranean region; mountainous area; occurrence; protected area; survey; wildcat; Samplingevent


Ariadna Sanglas
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Autor
  • Originador
Research assistant
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26
41092 Sevilla
Francisco Palomares
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
Principal investigator
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26
41092 Sevilla
Francisco Palomares
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
Research assistant
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26
41092 Sevilla

Cobertura Geográfica

The study area was located in the east of the National and Natural park of Sierra Nevada (Spain), and includes the municipalities of Abrucena, Abla, Ohanes and Las Tres Villas.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [37,067, -2,861], Norte Leste [37,132, -2,723]

Cobertura Taxonômica


Reino Animalia
Filo Chordata
Class Mammalia
Ordem Rodentia, Carnivora, Artiodactyla
Família Cervidae, Muridae, Mustelidae, Suidae, Bovidae, Felidae, Canidae

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 2022-04-25 / 2022-12-13

Dados Sobre o Projeto

The project SUMHAL aims at implementing a strategy for biodiversity conservation in the western Mediterranean hotspot by setting a technologically efficient and scientifically robust system. The project combines fieldwork and virtual research environments for the recording, storing, analysis, and dissemination of the conservation status and threats of biodiversity in Andalusia (Southern Spain). The general aim of WP4 is to focus on anthropogenic impacts (biological invasions, land-use changes and food subsidies) that are of great global concern and therefore relevant not only to Andalusian and Spanish ecosystems and societies, but also to Europe as a whole. To this end, it will use traditional and other novel methodologies, mainly of remote animal monitoring, in addition to the participation of society to monitor ecological and socio-economic impacts at different spatial scales.

Título Sustainability for Mediterranean Hotspots in Andalusia integrating LifeWatch ERIC (SUMHAL). Work package 4 (WP4): Combining field data, citizen science and loT to monitor anthropogenic impacts on Andalusian biodiversity and society
Identificador LIFEWATCH-2019-09-CSIC-4, POPE 2014-2020
Financiamento This study was funded by MICINN through European Regional Development Fund [SUMHAL, LIFEWATCH-2019-09-CSIC-4, POPE 2014-2020]
Descrição da Área de Estudo SUMHAL focuses in Andalusia (Southern Spain), as a representation of the western Mediterranean ecosystems. However, each subproject that belongs to WP4 has its own study area at a more local level.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Francisco Palomares

Métodos de Amostragem

Each camera trap was left at the same point for an average of two months and then moved to another location. Cameras deployed on the same date were separated by each other by a mean distance of 900 m approximately. However, in order to maximize the possibility to record wildcats, in each new deployment of several cameras, old positions were not taken into account, meaning that some positions might be very close to each other, but correspond to different sampling periods. We used two different models of camera traps (Bushnell Trophy Cam HD Black Led and Acorn LTL5310) similarly programmed to take 3 pictures per trigger at the minimum speed trigger available. Cameras were tied to trees at 0.20–1 m above ground and Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) urine was used as an attractant for wildcats at a distance of 2-4 m from camera traps.

Área de Estudo The study was carried out in the eastern part of Sierra Nevada National and Natural Park (southeastern Iberian peninsula), within the municipal boundaries of Abrucena, Abla, Ohanes and Las Tres Villas. The area surveyed comprises an altitudinal range between 942 and 2215 m a.s.l. Vegetation in the area can be separated into three different habitats: the high mountain habitat dominated by rocky outcrops and natural crevices, the mid-mountain habitat occupied by deciduous forests such as oak, maple and cherry, and the lower areas, where oak and riverside forests can be found mixed with almond orchards. A woodland ring formed by autochthonous oak forest (Quercus sp.) and pine plantations (Pinus pinaster, P. nigra and P. sylvestris) is a characteristic of the area that appears below 2400 m a.s.l

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Pictures were sorted following the methodology of R package CamtrapR (Niedballa et al. 2016) in order to extract metadata (date and time of the picture). Consecutive pictures of the same species within a 30 min interval were considered as the same event unless individuals could be identified by their fur patterning or other features (injuries, marks, spots). Mammals belonging to domestic animal herds or other species of vertebrates such as birds or reptiles were not included.

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Niedballa J, Sollmann R, Courtiol A, Wilting A (2016). “camtrapR: an R package for efficient camera trap data management.” Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7(12), 1457–1462. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12600

Metadados Adicionais

Propósito The dataset can be used to model distributions of mammal species (including domestic carnivores) and study the presence-absence of certain species in natural areas.
Descrição da manutenção This dataset is closed and will not be updated, unless errors or issues are reported by users.
Identificadores alternativos 10.15470/mb6rlk