This dataset provides information about 1083 preserved specimens from 279 species and subspecies and 73 families of vascular plants. The specimens were collected in the PhD project of Akerreta (2009), that studied the ethnobotanical use of plants in Navarra (NE Iberian Peninsula, Spain), focused on the medicinal use of plants.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,081 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Ibáñez R, Imas M, Cavero R Y, Akerreta S (2017): PAMP-tracheo: Vascular plants with pharmaceutical use in Navarra (Spain). PhD project, S. Akerreta. v2.3. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/pycn5t
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a33055a3-5e03-4ad9-8447-bc92c967a27b. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Occurrence; Specimen; ethnobotany; flora; herbarium; medicinal plants; Navarra; northern Spain; Tracheophyta
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Navarra province (N Spain) was selected to perform this PhD project. Navarra (Comunidad Foral de Navarra) is a region located in the North of Spain, at the western end of the Pyrenees, covering about 10 391 km2. It is bordered to the north by France, to the west by the Basque Autonomous Community, to the southwest by La Rioja and to the east and southeast by Aragón. Country: Spain. Province: Navarra (N Spain).
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [41.95, -2.45], North East [43.3, -0.806]|
Out of a total of 1083 specimens, 1041 were identified to species or subspecies level. They belong to 252 species or subspecies and 72 families of vascular plants.
|Phylum||Tracheophyta (vascular plants)|
|Class||Equisetopsida (horsetails), Liliopsida (monocots), Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons), Pinopsida (conifers), Polypodiopsida (ferns)|
|Start Date / End Date||2004-06-20 / 2007-10-07|
An ethnobotanical analysis has been carried out in Navarra, focused on the medicinal use of plants. The field work has been done through semi-structured interviews, realized to 667 informants of 265 localities. 3.770 medicinal applications have been collected, referring to 287 taxa. The most relevant families are Compositae, Labiate and Rosaceae, and the taxa Santolina chamaecyparissus subsp. squarrosa, Chamaemelum nobile and Urtica dioica. The most used parts of the plants are the aerial, inflorescence and leaf, and to a great extent, the uses make reference to digestive and dermatological affections.
|Title||PhD project S. Akerreta: “Etnobotánica farmacéutica en Navarra: del uso tradicional de las plantas medicinales a su evidencia científica”.|
|Funding||Digitization and georeferencing of the herbarium specimens have been supported through the project: “Informatización y adecuación a la red GBIF de colecciones de plantas vasculares depositadas en el herbario de la Universidad de Navarra-PAMP. Fase II”. Reference: CGL2011-15056-E. Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. Gobierno de España. Principal investigator: Ricardo Ibáñez.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Samples were collected between the years 2003 and 2007 throughout the territory.
|Study Extent||The specimens were collected in the province of Navarra (northern Spain), a region of 10 391 km2 located at the western end of the Pyrenees.|
Method step description:
- Plant collection. Plant vouchers were mostly collected in collaboration with the informants. In some cases, plants were previously collected by the informants.
- Identification to species or subspecies level. Identification was performed between 2003 and 2009 by S. Akerreta and R.Y. Cavero using Flora europaea (Tutin et al. 1964-1980), Flora iberica (Castroviejo et al. 1986-2015) and Flora del País Vasco y territorios limítrofes (Aizpuru et al. 1999).
- Plant conservation. Specimens were dried and pressed for conservation using standard protocols. Vouchers were deposited in the herbarium of the University of Navarra.
- Numbering and digitization of vouchers. From 2012 to date, each specimen was labelled, with a unique collection number, and digitized, using HERBAR software (v3.7.1 Pando et al. 1994-2010).
- Nomenclature was updated using Flora iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2015).
- Names of municipalities, localities and place names were updated according to Toponimia Oficial de Navarra (http://toponimianavarra.tracasa.es/).
- Localities were georeferenced using x- and y- UTM coordinates. Uncertainty was also assigned.
- Coordinates, characters and format of dates were checked for possible mistakes using Darwin test software (v3.3, Ortega-Maqueda & Pando 2008). This software also allowed the data to fulfil the Darwin Core Standard (Wieczorek et al. 2012).
- Metadata were documented and the dataset was published in the GBIF data portal using the Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT v2.3.5) of GBIF.es (http://ipt.gbif.es/).
|Collection Name||Herbario PAMP: colección AKERRETA|
|Specimen preservation methods||Dried and pressed|
|Curatorial Units||Count 1,083 +/- 1 sheets|
- Akerreta S (2009): Etnobotánica farmacéutica en Navarra: del uso tradicional de las plantas medicinales a su evidencia científica. PhD thesis. University of Navarra.
- Akerreta S, Cavero RY, Calvo MI (2007): First comprehensive contribution to medical ethnobotany of Western Pyrenees. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3: 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-3-26
- Cavero RY, Akerreta S, Calvo MI (2011): Pharmaceutical ethnobotany in Northern Navarra (Iberian Peninsula). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133: 138-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.09.019
- Aizpuru I, Aseginolaza C, Uribe-Echebarría PM, Urrutia P, Zorrakin I (1999) Claves ilustradas de la Flora del País Vasco y Territorios Limítrofes. Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco, Vitoria-Gasteiz.
- Castroviejo S (coord.) (1986–2015): Flora iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica y Baleares. Real Jardín Botánico (CSIC), Madrid. http://www.floraiberica.es/index.php
- Ortega-Maqueda I, Pando F (2008): DARWIN TEST (3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 o Darwin Core Archive. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, España. http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php
- Pando F et al. (1994–2010): HERBAR (3.7): Una aplicación de bases de datos para gestión de herbarios. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, España. http://www.gbif.es/herbar/herbar.php
- Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM,Valentine DH, Walters SM & Webb DA (eds.) (1964-1980): Flora Europaea, Vols. 1-5, Cambridge UniversityPress, Cambridge.
- Wieczorek J, Bloom D, Guralnick R, Blum S, Döring M, Giovanni R, Robertson T, Vieglais D (2012): Darwin Core: An evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715
The origin of the PAMP Herbarium dates back to the arrival at the University of Navarra by Professor T.M. Losa España in 1964. One year later M.L. López Fernández began her doctoral thesis, maintaining her contributions to the herbarium uninterruptedly for several decades. Most of the material deposited in the herbarium comes from collections made by researchers from the Department of Environmental Biology (formerly Department of Botany) of the University of Navarra, as a result of theses and dissertations generally carried out in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Navarra (Spain). The herbarium store c. 100 000 sheets with dried specimens. The digitisation of the specimens has been done through the HERBAR v3.7.1 software (Pando et al., 1994-2010) and was supported by the Spanish Government (CGL2007-30978-E, CGL2009-08507-E and CGL2011-15056-E).