Occurrence

Mammals in MZNA-VERT: project Human impacts in rivers of Navarra

Latest version published by University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology on 17 December 2021 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,278 records in English (77 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (32 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (18 KB)

Description

This collection includes information of 2278 records of small mammals distributed in Erro Basin (Navarra) and nearby areas. The study carried out in the basin contributes to the material collection of MZNA with 1798 specimens captured in field and stored in its facilities. The rest of the records correspond to occurrences from field. Material brought to laboratory mainly consists on whole animals (frozen) but there are also skulls, mandibles from barn owl pellets, and skins and skulls from captured specimens prepared. Information about occurrences is also incorporated to the data set. The study took place between 2001 and 2003. The collection also includes biometrics mainly from Apodemus sylvaticus. The data set is available in GBIF.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,278 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Occurrence (core)
2278
MeasurementOrFacts 
4269

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

MZNA (2016): Mammals in MZNA-VERT: project Human impacts in Navarra’s rivers. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_vert_mast_aher&v=2.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d436cc89-f949-436a-a4c9-4b12552f760d.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Small mammals; Erro basin; Navarra; live traps; biometric data; Rodentia; Soricomorpha; Specimen; Occurrence

Contacts

Who created the resource:

MZNA Museum of Zoology
Institution
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
34 948 425 600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/

Who can answer questions about the resource:

David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
34 948 425 600

Who filled in the metadata:

Nora Escribano
PhD student
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/

Who else was associated with the resource:

Metadata Provider
Nora Escribano Compains
PhD student
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/
Principal Investigator
David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Principal Investigator
Carmen Escala
Tenured professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Custodian Steward
Arturo H. Ariño
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curator
Ana Amézcua
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curator
Ángel Chaves
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curator
María Imas
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/

Geographic Coverage

The collection is mainly formed by specimens from Erro Basin but there are also records from other localities nearby the basin.

Bounding Coordinates South West [42.76, -1.52], North East [42.97, -1.39]

Taxonomic Coverage

Specimens were first identified to genus or species level in field using external morphology. Specimens in doubt were transported to the laboratory where their taxonomic identity was verified using suitable literature (Gosálbez 1987). Some specimens captured in field were selected for deeper studies so they were transported and processed in the laboratory. The collection is composed of 3 orders (Carnivora, Rodentia and Soricomorpha), 6 families and 18 species although the order Carnivora is represented by only 3 records of Mustela nivalis. Muridae is the most abundant family being approximately the 79% of the entire collection followed by Soricidae representing the 12 %. Most of the specimens brought to the laboratory belonged to the species A.sylvaticus and M. spretus.

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora, Rodentia, Soricomorpha
Family Cricetidae, Gliridae, Muridae, Mustelidae, Soricidae, Talpidae
Genus Apodemus, Crocidura, Eliomys, Microtus, Mus, Mustela, Myodes, Neomys, Rattus, Sorex, Suncus, Talpa
Species Apodemus flavicollis, Apodemus sylvaticus, Crocidura russula, Eliomys quercinus, Microtus agrestis, Microtus duodecimcostatus, Microtus gerbei, Microtus lusitanicus, Mus domesticus, Mus spretus, Mustela nivalis, Myodes glareolus, Neomys fodiens, Rattus norvegicus, Sorex coronatus, Sorex minutus, Suncus etruscus, Talpa europaea

Temporal Coverage

Living Time Period 2001-2003

Project Data

The aim of the project was to study the changes in the zoological community of Erro Basin due to human activities. The project focused in different animal communities being small mammals one of the taxon studied.

Title Actuaciones humanas en ríos de Navarra. Su incidencia en la conservación de la biodiversidad
Funding Gobierno de Navarra.
Study Area Description Erro Basin is located in the north of Navarra and covers an area of approximately 214 Km2. It is one of the Pyreneean Basins and includes the municipalities of Erro, Lizoáin, Urroz and Lónguida.
Design Description The project was conducted between 2001 and 2003 but the main sampling effort was made in the first two years. Fifteen sampling sites were selected and at least were sampled twice in each season using Sherman traps. Eleven more localities were chosen to sample the small mammal’s community using pitfalls traps during the first year of the project.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Carmen Escala
Author
Rafael Miranda
Author
Francisco Campos
Author
Juan Manuel Garde
Author
Enrique Baquero
Author
Javier Oscoz
Author
Francisco Gutiérrez
Author
Ana Amezcua

Sampling Methods

Fifteen sites were sampled from 2001 to 2003, doing at least two sampling each season in every site. Sherman traps (7,5x9x23 cm) baited with bread and oil were used. Each sampling event consisted on two nights and the total sampling effort made was 160 traps per night. Specimens were sexed and identified in field when possible. Some of the specimens captured were transported to the laboratory for further studies. In addition eleven sites were sampled using pitfall traps in order to get a better knowledge of the small mammals’ community due to the bias of using only one type of sampling method. Each sampling site was composed of six cylindrical jars (11,5 cm diameter and 13,5 cm depth) which were active from May to November 2001. Barn owl pellets, information about footprints and other mammal trails were collected during the sampling period.

Study Extent The Erro River Basin is located in the north of Navarra in the western side of the Pyrenees. Its climate conditions suffer a strong change between the source of the river influenced by the Pyreneans’ climate to the mouth of the Erro where the climate becomes more Mediterranean. From north to south rainfall decreases in contrast to the temperature which increases as it reaches south. Erro Basin is characterized by a wide range of landscapes which has a positive effect on the flora and fauna diversity. The headwater’s area and the middle section of the basin are dominated by oaks and beech forests, pastures and forestry exploitation mostly consisting on pines. The last section is dominated by crops and cattle grazing fields (Rivas 1987).
Quality Control All specimens collected from the field are deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain) in the ‘Colección de Actuaciones humanas en el río Erro’. All the species were sexed and identified in field (when possible) and the taxonomic identity of each specimen brought to the laboratory was verified by David Galicia using suitable literature (Gosálbez 1987, Niethammer and Krapp 1978, 1982, 1990). Scientific names were validated according to Mammal Species of the World (Wilson and Reeder 2005, Palomo et al. 2007). Unique collections’ accession numbers were assigned to each specimen.

Method step description:

  1. All captured specimens where sexed and identified in field. Most of the specimens captured the first year were selected for further studies in laboratory. Specimens which identification was in doubt were also taken to the laboratory. Specimens brought to the laboratory were euthanized and frozen at -20ºC. Then, they were measured (tail length, body length, ear length, hind foot length, fore foot length) and weighted (body weight and eviscerated weight). After that, some specimens were selected and processed for a deeper study. Skin was removed and preserved dried. Skull, mandibles and some skeleton parts (scapula bones) were obtained and placed in plastic bags. Information of each record was systematically incorporated to MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991).

Collection Data

Collection Name Actuaciones humanas en el ríos de Navarra - Mamíferos
Parent Collection Identifier http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169
Specimen preservation methods Dried,  Deep frozen
Curatorial Units Count 316 +/- 1 skin ,  Between 316 and 1 skeletons ,  Count 110 +/- 1 skulls ,  Count 1,372 +/- 1 frozen specimens ,  Count 480 +/- 1 occurrences

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Ariño AH (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647–652.
  2. Chapman, A. D. (2005). Principles and methods of data cleaning (p. 72). Copenhagen.
  3. Galicia, D. (2006). Estudio de los ectoparásitos de un población de Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 en Navarra. Análisis de la asimetría fluctuante craneal asociada al parasitismo. Universidad de Navarra. Pamplona.
  4. Gosálbez, J., 1987. Insectivors i rosegadors de Catalunya. Ketres, Barcelona. 241 pp.
  5. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed). Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors).Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp
  6. Rivas-Martínez, S. (1987). Memoria del mapa de series de vegetación de España (1:400000). Madrid: ICONA.
  7. Niethammer J., Krapp F. 1978, 1982, 1990. Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft. Wiesbaden

Additional Metadata

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.

Purpose The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of small mammals derived from the study carried out in the Erro Basin.
Maintenance Description Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.
Alternative Identifiers doi:10.15470/gzw8bz
d436cc89-f949-436a-a4c9-4b12552f760d
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=mzna_vert_mast_aher