Mammals in MZNA-VERT: project Human impacts in rivers of Navarra

Última versión Publicado por University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology en Nov 30, 2018 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

This collection includes information of 2278 records of small mammals distributed in Erro Basin (Navarra) and nearby areas. The study carried out in the basin contributes to the material collection of MZNA with 1798 specimens captured in field and stored in its facilities. The rest of the records correspond to occurrences from field. Material brought to laboratory mainly consists on whole animals (frozen) but there are also skulls, mandibles from barn owl pellets, and skins and skulls from captured specimens prepared. Information about occurrences is also incorporated to the data set. The study took place between 2001 and 2003. The collection also includes biometrics mainly from Apodemus sylvaticus. The data set is available in GBIF.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 2,278 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    2278
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    4269

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 2,278 registros en Inglés (75 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (31 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (18 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

MZNA (2016): Mammals in MZNA-VERT: project Human impacts in Navarra’s rivers. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_vert_mast_aher&v=2.1

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: d436cc89-f949-436a-a4c9-4b12552f760d.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Spain.

Palabras Clave

Occurrence; specimen; Small mammals; Erro basin; Navarra; live traps; biometric data; Rodentia; Soricomorpha; Specimen

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

MZNA Museum of Zoology
Institution
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 34 948 425 600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 34 948 425 600

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Nora Escribano
PhD student
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Proveedor de los Metadatos
Nora Escribano Compains
PhD student
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/
Investigador Principal
David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Investigador Principal
Carmen Escala
Tenured professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Custodio de los Datos
Arturo H. Ariño
Professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curador
Ana Amézcua
Technician
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curador
Ángel Chaves
Technician
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/
Curador
María Imas
Technician
University of Navarra Irunlarrea, 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES 948425600
http://www.unav.edu/departamento/ambiun/

Cobertura Geográfica

The collection is mainly formed by specimens from Erro Basin but there are also records from other localities nearby the basin.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [42.76, -1.52], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [42.97, -1.39]

Cobertura Taxonómica

Specimens were first identified to genus or species level in field using external morphology. Specimens in doubt were transported to the laboratory where their taxonomic identity was verified using suitable literature (Gosálbez 1987). Some specimens captured in field were selected for deeper studies so they were transported and processed in the laboratory. The collection is composed of 3 orders (Carnivora, Rodentia and Soricomorpha), 6 families and 18 species although the order Carnivora is represented by only 3 records of Mustela nivalis. Muridae is the most abundant family being approximately the 79% of the entire collection followed by Soricidae representing the 12 %. Most of the specimens brought to the laboratory belonged to the species A.sylvaticus and M. spretus.

Reino  Animalia
Filo  Chordata
Class  Mammalia
Orden  Carnivora,  Rodentia,  Soricomorpha
Familia  Cricetidae,  Gliridae,  Muridae,  Mustelidae,  Soricidae,  Talpidae
Género  Apodemus,  Crocidura,  Eliomys,  Microtus,  Mus,  Mustela,  Myodes,  Neomys,  Rattus,  Sorex,  Suncus,  Talpa
Especie  Apodemus flavicollis,  Apodemus sylvaticus,  Crocidura russula,  Eliomys quercinus,  Microtus agrestis,  Microtus duodecimcostatus,  Microtus gerbei,  Microtus lusitanicus,  Mus domesticus,  Mus spretus,  Mustela nivalis,  Myodes glareolus,  Neomys fodiens,  Rattus norvegicus,  Sorex coronatus,  Sorex minutus,  Suncus etruscus,  Talpa europaea

Cobertura Temporal

Época de Existencia 2001-2003

Datos del Proyecto

The aim of the project was to study the changes in the zoological community of Erro Basin due to human activities. The project focused in different animal communities being small mammals one of the taxon studied.

Título Actuaciones humanas en ríos de Navarra. Su incidencia en la conservación de la biodiversidad
Fuentes de Financiación Gobierno de Navarra.
Descripción del Área de Estudio Erro Basin is located in the north of Navarra and covers an area of approximately 214 Km2. It is one of the Pyreneean Basins and includes the municipalities of Erro, Lizoáin, Urroz and Lónguida.
Descripción del Diseño The project was conducted between 2001 and 2003 but the main sampling effort was made in the first two years. Fifteen sampling sites were selected and at least were sampled twice in each season using Sherman traps. Eleven more localities were chosen to sample the small mammal’s community using pitfalls traps during the first year of the project.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Investigador Principal
Carmen Escala
Autor
Rafael Miranda
Autor
Francisco Campos
Autor
Juan Manuel Garde
Autor
Enrique Baquero
Autor
Javier Oscoz
Autor
Francisco Gutiérrez
Autor
Ana Amezcua

Métodos de Muestreo

Fifteen sites were sampled from 2001 to 2003, doing at least two sampling each season in every site. Sherman traps (7,5x9x23 cm) baited with bread and oil were used. Each sampling event consisted on two nights and the total sampling effort made was 160 traps per night. Specimens were sexed and identified in field when possible. Some of the specimens captured were transported to the laboratory for further studies. In addition eleven sites were sampled using pitfall traps in order to get a better knowledge of the small mammals’ community due to the bias of using only one type of sampling method. Each sampling site was composed of six cylindrical jars (11,5 cm diameter and 13,5 cm depth) which were active from May to November 2001. Barn owl pellets, information about footprints and other mammal trails were collected during the sampling period.

Área de Estudio The Erro River Basin is located in the north of Navarra in the western side of the Pyrenees. Its climate conditions suffer a strong change between the source of the river influenced by the Pyreneans’ climate to the mouth of the Erro where the climate becomes more Mediterranean. From north to south rainfall decreases in contrast to the temperature which increases as it reaches south. Erro Basin is characterized by a wide range of landscapes which has a positive effect on the flora and fauna diversity. The headwater’s area and the middle section of the basin are dominated by oaks and beech forests, pastures and forestry exploitation mostly consisting on pines. The last section is dominated by crops and cattle grazing fields (Rivas 1987).
Control de Calidad All specimens collected from the field are deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain) in the ‘Colección de Actuaciones humanas en el río Erro’. All the species were sexed and identified in field (when possible) and the taxonomic identity of each specimen brought to the laboratory was verified by David Galicia using suitable literature (Gosálbez 1987, Niethammer and Krapp 1978, 1982, 1990). Scientific names were validated according to Mammal Species of the World (Wilson and Reeder 2005, Palomo et al. 2007). Unique collections’ accession numbers were assigned to each specimen.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. All captured specimens where sexed and identified in field. Most of the specimens captured the first year were selected for further studies in laboratory. Specimens which identification was in doubt were also taken to the laboratory. Specimens brought to the laboratory were euthanized and frozen at -20ºC. Then, they were measured (tail length, body length, ear length, hind foot length, fore foot length) and weighted (body weight and eviscerated weight). After that, some specimens were selected and processed for a deeper study. Skin was removed and preserved dried. Skull, mandibles and some skeleton parts (scapula bones) were obtained and placed in plastic bags. Information of each record was systematically incorporated to MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991).

Datos de la Colección

Nombre de la Colección Actuaciones humanas en el ríos de Navarra - Mamíferos
Identificador de la Colección Parental http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Secado,  Congelado
Unidades Curatoriales Conteo 316 +/- 1 skin ,  Entre 316 y 1 skeletons ,  Conteo 110 +/- 1 skulls ,  Conteo 1,372 +/- 1 frozen specimens ,  Conteo 480 +/- 1 occurrences

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Ariño AH (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647–652.
  2. Chapman, A. D. (2005). Principles and methods of data cleaning (p. 72). Copenhagen.
  3. Galicia, D. (2006). Estudio de los ectoparásitos de un población de Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 en Navarra. Análisis de la asimetría fluctuante craneal asociada al parasitismo. Universidad de Navarra. Pamplona.
  4. Gosálbez, J., 1987. Insectivors i rosegadors de Catalunya. Ketres, Barcelona. 241 pp.
  5. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed). Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors).Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp
  6. Rivas-Martínez, S. (1987). Memoria del mapa de series de vegetación de España (1:400000). Madrid: ICONA.
  7. Niethammer J., Krapp F. 1978, 1982, 1990. Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft. Wiesbaden

Metadatos Adicionales

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.

Propósito The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of small mammals derived from the study carried out in the Erro Basin.
Descripción de mantenimiento Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.
Identificadores Alternativos doi:10.15470/gzw8bz
d436cc89-f949-436a-a4c9-4b12552f760d
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=mzna_vert_mast_aher