MGC Herbarium of University of Malaga (Spain): MGC-Algae dataset

Latest version published by University of Malaga on Nov 30, 2018 University of Malaga

La colección de algas del herbario MGC (MGC-Algae), es una de las más importantes de este tipo del mediterráneo occidental. La base de datos MGC-Algae tiene como objetivo la digitalización y publicación de los datos asociados con los más de 5.300 especímenes que se encuentran depositados en la colección, de los cuales el 95% está identificados a nivel de especie.Desde 2011, los Servicios Centrales de Investigación (SCAI) de la Universidad de Málaga son responsables de mantener el herbario y sus respectivas bases de datos.La colección está digitalizada a través del programa Herbar v3.7.1 (F. Pando et al. 1996-2011), estando la información de los especímenes accesibles a través de la red de GBIF (http://www.gbif.org/dataset/962e2f2e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a).En la actualidad, la colección MGC-Algae contiene especímenes procedentes de 113 familias y 899 taxones, distribuidos en Rodófitas (54,6%), Feófitas (29,2%) and Clorófitas (15,8%). Por otro lado, las Cianófitas sólo representan el 0,4%.La mayoría de los pliegos proceden del Mediterráneo occidental, principalmente del sur de España (Andalucia= 54.5% de los especímenes), siento la provincia de Málaga la mejor representada con un 20.4%. Hay que destacar, especímenes procedentes de Marruecos (9,3%), Japón (5%) y de la Antártida (1,4%).La mayor incorporación de pliegos en la colección MGC-Algae se dio entre 1975 y 1996, años que reflejan la intensa actividad del Dr. Francisco Conde. Las recolecciones de los años 2007 y 2008 corresponden a proyectos encaminados a completar la flora ficológica de Andalucía.Además, la colección de algas del Herbario MGC alberga tres pequeñas colecciones catalogadas como históricas por su antigedad y origen. Un herbario de 198 ejemplares procedente de la Academia Malagueña de Ciencias donados en 1975 (Conde, 1992), otro donado por el Instituto de Investigaciones Pesqueras de Cádiz, compuesto por 80 pliegos, y finalmente una colección de 61 preparaciones microscópicas donado por el Laboratorio Oceanográfico de Málaga.El herbario MGC es uno de los herbarios de referencia para Flora Phycologica Iberica (Gómez-Garreta 2000-) La revista Acta Botanica Malacitana (B. Cabezudo 1975-) (http://www.biolveg.uma.es/abm/abm.html) está estrechamente relacionada con el herbario MGC y periodicamente publica artículos que están basados en datos incluidos en su colección. The MGC herbarium algae collection (MGC-Algae) is one the most important collections of this kind at Western Mediterranean Region. MGC-Algae dataset aims to digitize and publish data associated with over 5.300 specimens deposited in the collection, of which 95% of the specimens are identified at species level. Since 2011, the University of Malaga’s Central Research Service (SCAI) has been responsible for maintaining the herbarium and datasets. The collection is digitized by Herbar v3.7.1 software (F. Pando et al. 1996–2011), making specimens accessible through the GBIF network (http://www.gbif.org/dataset/962e2f2e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a). At present, 113 families and 899 taxa, distributed in Rhodophyta (54.6%), Phaeophyta (29.2%) and Chlorophyta (15.8%), constitute the MGC-Algae collection, whereas, Cyanophyta make only up 0.4%. Most of the specimens are from the Western Mediterranean Region, mainly Southern Spain (Andalusia= 54.5% of specimens), Malaga province being the most important with 20.4%. It is worth highlighting specimens from Morocco (9.3%), Japan (5%) and Antarctica (1.4%).The higher sheet intake in this collection was since 1975 to 1996, main research period of PhD. Francisco Conde. Harvesting period from 2007 to 2008 is corresponded with projects for completing the Andalusian phycological flora.Moreover, this algae collection contain three little collections classified as historic collections due to their age and origin. An herbarium make up 198 sheets from Malaga Academy of Sciences given at 1975 (Conde, 1192), another one donated by Cadiz Fisheries Research Institute, constituted of 80 sheets and finally a collection of 61 microscopic slides given by Malaga Oceanographic Center.MGC herbarium is one of the reference herbaria for Flora Phycologica Iberica (Gómez-Garreta 2000-). The journal Acta Botanica Malacitana (B. Cabezudo 1975-) (http://www.biolveg.uma.es/abm/abm.html) is closely associated with the MGC Herbarium and periodically publishes papers that are based on data included in its dataset.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 5,316 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 5,316 records in Spanish (237 KB) - Update frequency: annually
Metadata as an EML file download in English (25 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (22 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

MGC Herbarium of University of Malaga (Spain): MGC-Algae dataset. University of Malaga. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mgc-algae

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Malaga. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 962e2f2e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a.  University of Malaga publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Malaga; Andalusia; Spain; Seagrass; SCAI; University of Malaga; MGC Herbarium; MGC; Plantae; Chromista; Bacteria; Clorophyta; Rhodophyta; Phaeophyta; Cyanophyta; Rhodomelaceae; Sargassaceae; Dictyotaceae; Corallinaceae; Ceramiaceae; Cystoseira; Codium; Ulva; Asparagopsis; Gelidium; Occurrence; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Baltasar Cabezudo Artero
Scientific Manager
University of Málaga Departament of Plant Biology, (Botany Area). Faculty of Sciences, University of Málaga. Campus Teatinos s/n. 29071 Málaga Málaga ES +34 952131944
http://www.biolveg.uma.es

Who can answer questions about the resource:

José García Sánchez
Herbarium Curator
University of Málaga Servicios Centrales de Apoyo a la Investigación (SCAI). Bulevar Louis Pasteur, 33. Campus de Teatinos 29071 Málaga Málaga ES +34 952137414
http://www.scai.uma.es/servicios/ciencias_vida/herbario/herbario.html

Who filled in the metadata:

José García Sánchez
Herbarium Curator
University of Málaga Servicios Centrales de Apoyo a la Investigación (SCAI). Bulevar Louis Pasteur, 33. Campus de Teatinos 29071 Málaga Málaga ES +34 952137414
http://www.scai.uma.es/servicios/ciencias_vida/herbario/herbario.html

Geographic Coverage

NA

Bounding Coordinates South West [33.498, -7.372], North East [40.194, 11.127]

Taxonomic Coverage

The 5.300 sheets of the MGC-Algae collection are grouped into 113 families, 333 genera, 840 species and 899 taxa (including infraspecific categories). Most of the specimens are red algae (Rhodophyta= 54.6%), followed by brown algae (Phaeophyta= 29.2%) and green algae (Chlorophyta= 15.8%). The main families in order of abundance are Rhodomelaceae (8.4%), Sargassaceae (7.3%), Dictyotaceae (7.1%), Corallinaceae (6.4%) and Ceramiaceae (5.0%).Main genera in order of abundance are Cystoseira (4.6%), Codium (3.7%), Ulva (3.6%), Asparagopsis (3.3%) and Gelidium (3.2%)

Kingdom  Plantae (plants),  Chromista (chromista),  Bacteria (bacteria)
Phylum  Clorophyta (green algae),  Rhodophyta (red algae),  Phaeophyta (brown algae),  Cyanophyta (blue-green algae)
Family  Rhodomelaceae,  Sargassaceae,  Dictyotaceae,  Corallinaceae,  Ceramiaceae
Genus  Cystoseira,  Codium,  Ulva,  Asparagopsis,  Gelidium

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1831-01-01 / 2014-01-01
Formation Period NA
Living Time Period NA

Project Data

No Description available

Title Digitalización y Gestión de las Bases de Datos del Herbario MGC de la Universidad de Málaga
Funding >>>> Scientific research project: "Informatización del Herbario de la Universidad de Málaga (MGC)". Reference: CLEG2004-21156-E Fund: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spain). Length: 2006 January - 2009 September. Principal researcher: Dr. Baltasar Cabezudo Artero. >>>>Scientific research project: "Realización de una prestación de servicios para el mantenimiento e inclusión de pliegos del proyecto Flora de Andalucía Oriental en el Herbario público de la Universidad de Málaga". Reference: 8.06/03.3353 Fund: Junta de Andalucía Length: 2010 February - 2011 February. Principal researcher: Dr. Baltasar Cabezudo Artero. >>>>Scientific research project: "Digitalización y Gestión de las Bases de Datos del Herbario MGC de la Universidad de Málaga". Reference: 8.06/03.3353 Fund: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Spain). Subprograma Personal Técnico de Apoyo Length: 2012 January - 2014 December. Principal responsible: Dr. José García Sánchez. >>>>Temporary staff for assistance in fieldworks, contracted through Junta de Andalucía (Spain) research group: Biodiversidad, Conservación y Recursos Vegetales; Group code: RNM-115.
Study Area Description NA
Design Description NA

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Baltasar Cabezudo Artero

Sampling Methods

The plants of this collection were mainly gathered by researchers of the Botany Area of the Department of Plant Biology at University of Malaga, as well as by members of the herbarium. A small component of the collection comes from exchanges or donations from other research centres or researchers.

Study Extent Most plants are from Southern Spain (Andalusia), Malaga province being the most widely represented area, the aim being to cover the widest degree of seaweed biodiversity for this territory. In addition, the collection contains seaweed from Northern Morocco and several places from the rest of Spain and countries from Europe and Africa.
Quality Control Every specimen of the MGC-Algae collection has been identified by researchers of the Botany Area of the Department of Plant Biology at University of Malaga. The dataset is analysed in search of digitalisation errors before uploading to the GBIF Portal. This check is carried out by the DarwinTest v3.2 tool (Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008), provided by the Spanish GBIF Node. This tool looks for mistakes in taxonomy, dates, geospatial information, collectors, identifiers, etc.

Method step description:

  1. Before incorporating new plants in the herbarium, the steps described below are followed. First, the material is pressed and dried, mounted on double A2 standard size (42 × 59.4 cm) sheets which perfectly cover and protect the specimen. Inside each sheet, an identification label provides the following information: taxonomy, country, province, county, locality, georeference, date, ecology, collectors and determinations. To kill any insects contained in the sheets, they are frozen at -20 °C for 72 hours. Periodically, the herbarium room is fumigated. The specimens are kept in compact shelving cabinets and alphabetically arranged by families, genera and species.

Collection Data

Collection Name MGC-Algae
Collection Identifier 962e2f2e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
Specimen preservation methods Dried and pressed
Curatorial Units Count 5,316 +/- 0 Sheets ,  Count 901 +/- 0 Taxons ,  Count 487 +/- 0 Species ,  Count 213 +/- 0 Genus ,  Count 88 +/- 0 Families

Bibliographic Citations

  1. PUBLICATIONS FROM THIS DATASET - García-Sánchez J, Cabezudo B (2014) El herbario MGC de la Universidad de Málaga. Boletín de la Asociación de Herbarios Ibero-Macaronésicos (AHIM) 16: 20-26.
  2. REFERENCES CITED WITHIN THE METADATA - Cabezudo B (Ed) (1975-2013) Acta Botanica Malacitana. (Periodicals). Vol. 1-37. ISSN 0210-9506. Electronic version ISSN 2340-5074. http://www.biolveg.uma.es/abm/abm.html - Gómez Garreta A (Coord.) (2000-). Flora phycologica iberica. Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de Murcia. - Ortega-Maqueda I, Pando F (2008) DARWIN_TEST v3.2: Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4, Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF. ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia. Madrid (Spain), http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php - Pando F et al. (1994-2010) HERBAR (3.7.1): A database application for herbarium management: http://www.gbif.es/herbar/herbar.php. Coordination Unit of GBIF. ES, CSIC. Ministry of Science and Innovation. Madrid, Spain.
  3. REFERENCES USED TO IDENTIFY DATASET SPECIMENS - Gómez-Garreta A (Coord.) (2000-). Flora phycologica iberica. Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de Murcia.
  4. SOME PUBLICATIONS BASED ON THIS DATASET - Altamirano M, Díaz-Such B, García-Sánchez J (2006) 161. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) VI Acta Botanica Malacitana 31: 172-174. - Altamirano M, López-Blanco E, Orriach R (2008) 175. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) VII Acta Botanica Malacitana 33: 329-332. - Arjona Fernández, María del Mar, Bañares España E, Flores-Moya A (2011) 208. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) X Acta Botanica Malacitana 36: 159-160. - Báez JC, Conde F, Flores-Moya A (2001) 97. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (Espana) V Acta Botanica Malacitana 26: 193-196. - Bermejo R, Pérez-Lloréns JL, Vergara JJ, Hernández I (2010) Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) IX Acta Botanica Malacitana 35: 162-164. - Bermejo R, Pérez-Llorens JL, Vergara JJ, Hernández I (2012) 222. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos marino de Andalucía (España) X Acta Botanica Malacitana 37: 163-165. - Bermejo R, Pérez-Llorens JL, Vergara JJ, Hernández I (2012) 248. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) XII Acta Botanica Malacitana 37: 163-165. - Conde F, Altamirano M, Flores-Moya A (1996) 57. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) IV Acta Botanica Malacitana 21: 303-305. - Conde F, Flores-Moya A, Vera González J (1990) Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) II Acta Botanica Malacitana 15: 350-352. - Conde Poyales F, (1984) Catálogo de las algas macrobentónicas marinas de Málaga Acta Botanica Malacitana 9: 47-78. - Conde Poyales F, Soto J (1986) Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) Acta Botanica Malacitana 11: 9-16. - Flores-Moya A, Conde F, Sánchez A, Altamirano M (1994) 44. Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España) III Acta Botanica Malacitana 19: 211-213. - Flores-Moya A, Vera González JJ, Conde Poyales F (1989) Contribución a la corología de las macroalgas marinas bentónicas del litoral malagueño. I Acta Botanica Malacitana 14: 199-201. - Guiry, M Guiry, G AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication. National University of Ireland, Galway http://www.algaebase.org. - Invernón V, Orriach R, Bañares E, Altamirano M, De la Rosa Álamos, J, Flores-Moya A (2009) Notas corológicas del macrofitobentos de Andalucía (España). VIII Acta Botanica Malacitana 34: 201-206. - Soto J, Conde Poyales F (1987) Sobre la presencia de algunas especies de algas tropicales en el litoral del sureste ibérico Acta Botanica Malacitana 12: 27-34.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 962e2f2e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a
http://datos.gbif.es/collectory/public/show/co161
doi:10.15468/q8hzlc
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=mgc_algae