CSIC-Real Jardín Botánico-Colección de Hongos (MA-Fungi)

Latest version published by CSIC-Real Jardín Botánico on Nov 30, 2018 CSIC-Real Jardín Botánico

English: The Herbarium at the Real Jardín Botánico contains the largest collection of dried fungi in the Iberian Peninsula. It is integrated by two collections, MA-FunHist and MA-Fungi. The first, houses the historical collection, i.e. those fungi included in the MA Herbarium until 1976. MA-Fungi collection contains nearly 85,000 specimens, of wich 194 are type specimens and 14,292 have microscope slides. Basidiomycota and Ascomycota (Kingdom Fungi), as well as Myxomycota (slime molds) are the best represented. This collection is the result primarily, of the activity developed by the staff of the Mycology research, initiated by F.D. Calonge in 1975, and specially by the research project Flora Micológica Ibérica (1991-2009), led by Mª. T. Telleria and M. Dueñas. The majority of the specimens are of Iberian origin, (85% from Spain and 3% from Portugal). The rest corresponds to specimens from other countries, mainly from Europe and America, but also from Asia and Africa, thoungh in smaller numbers, they are the result of exchanges programs and staff expeditions. Major collectors in the herbarium are: F.D. Calonge, M.T. Telleria, C. Lado, M. Dueñas, F. Pando, and M. Oltra. Private collections as the L. Cabo Rey and L.M. García Bona have recently included. The collection is fully databased using a system named “HERBAR”, a herbarium management program, developed by F. Pando et al. at Real Jardín Botánico. All the information is available online at: http://www.rjb.csic.es/jardinbotanico/jardin/index.php?Cab=109&len=es&Pag=204. Main holdings: Basidiomycota, with over 27,500 specimens is the divisio of fungi best represented, being corticioid fungi the most numerous, with more than 12,000 specimens; followed by agaricales, with nearly 9,950; gasteromycetes with 9,700, and poroid fungi with some 4,700 specimens. Most of them come from the Iberian Peninsula, but also there is a good representation of this group from France, especially of corticioid fungi and also poroid fungi to a lesser extent. The Myxomycetes collection with about 20.000 specimens, covers Iberian slime molds specially well. The Neotropics, as result of the Myxotropic project led by C. Lado, are also well represented. By groups, the collection comprises Physarales with 16,030 specimens, Stemonitales with 2,840, Liceales with 2,120 and in lesser number Echinosteliales and Ceratiomyxales. The collection of Myxomycetes of the MA herbarium, together with other four European Herbaria (BR, LE, M, and WARK) has participated in a research project with the aim of creating a virtual Herbarium of Myxomycetes through GBIF, consisting of 9,000 specimens, containing almost one third of all types of the group. The Ascomycota are represented by 10,510 specimens, being the best represented orders: Pezizales, with 4.716 specimens, Erysiphales with 2,033, and Helothiales with 1,255.

Español: El Herbario del Real Jardín Botánico contiene la mayor colección de hongos secos de la Península Ibérica. Está integrado por dos colecciones, MA-FunHist y MA-Fungi. La primera alberga la colección histórica, es decir, los hongos incluidos en el Herbario MA hasta 1976. La colección de MA-Fungi contiene casi 85.000 especímenes, de los cuales 194 son especímenes de tipo y 14.292 tienen diapositivas de microscopio. Basidiomycota y Ascomycota (Reino Fungi), así como Myxomycota, que son los mejor representados. Esta colección es el resultado principalmente de la actividad desarrollada por el personal de la investigación de Micología, iniciada por F.D. Calonge en 1975, y especialmente por el proyecto de investigación Flora Micológica Ibérica (1991-2009), dirigido por M.T. Telleria y M. Dueñas. La mayoría de los ejemplares son de origen ibérico (85 % de España y 3 % de Portugal). El resto corresponde a especímenes de otros países, principalmente de Europa y América, pero también de Asia y África, en menor número, son el resultado de programas de intercambio y expediciones de personal. Los principales coleccionistas del herbario son: F.D. Calonge, M.T. Telleria, C. Lado, M. Dueñas, F. Pando y M. Oltra. Colecciones privadas como las de L. Cabo Rey y L.M. García Bona han incluido recientemente. La colección está totalmente basada en bases de datos utilizando un sistema denominado "HERBAR", un programa de gestión de herbarios, desarrollado por F. Pando et al. en el Real Jardín Botánico. Toda la información está disponible en línea en: http://www.rjb.csic.es/jardinbotanico/jardin/index.php?Cab=109&len=es&Pag=204. Principales representaciones: Basidiomycota, con más de 27.500 ejemplares es la división de hongos mejor representados, siendo los hongos corticícolas los más numerosos, con más de 12.000 ejemplares; seguido por Agaricales, con casi 9.950; Gasteromycetes con 9.700, y poroides con unos 4.700 especímenes. La mayoría proceden de la Península Ibérica, pero también hay una buena representación de este grupo de Francia, especialmente de hongos corticícolas y también de hongos poroides en menor grado. La colección de Myxomycetes con cerca de 20.000 ejemplares. Los Neotrópicos, como resultado del proyecto Myxotropic dirigido por C. Lado, también están bien representados. Por grupos, la colección comprende Physarales con 16.030 especímenes, Stemonitales con 2.840, Liceales con 2.120 y en menor número Echinosteliales y Ceratiomyxales. La colección de Myxomycetes del herbario MA junto con otras cuatro Herbarios europeas (BR, LE, M, y WARK) ha participado en un proyecto de investigación con el objetivo de crear un Herbario virtual de Myxomycetes a través de GBIF, que consta de 9.000 especímenes, Casi un tercio de todos los tipos del grupo. Los Ascomycota están representados por 10.510 especímenes, siendo los más representados: Pezizales, con 4.716 ejemplares, Erysiphales con 2.033 y Helothiales con 1.255.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 77,258 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Versions

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Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is CSIC-Real Jardín Botánico. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 85b2fcd8-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a.  CSIC-Real Jardín Botánico publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Occurrence; Fungi; Basidiomycota; Ascomycota; Myxomycota; micobiota; fungal diversity; Iberian Peninsula; Balearic Islands; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Margarita Dueñas
Curator
Real Jardín Botánico. CSIC Plaza de Murillo, 2 28014 Madrid Madrid ES +34 914203017

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Margarita Dueñas
Curator
Real Jardín Botánico. CSIC Plaza de Murillo, 2 28014 Madrid Madrid ES +34 914203017

Who filled in the metadata:

Margarita Dueñas
Curator
Real Jardín Botánico. CSIC Plaza de Murillo, 2 28014 Madrid Madrid ES +34 914203017

Geographic Coverage

The majority of specimens, some 58,000, which houses the collection MA-Fungi come from Spain, and are the result of intense campaigns of sampling, carried out by the Flora Micologica Iberica research project (1991-2009). There is a good representation of Myxomycetes of the Neotropics as a result of Myxotropic Project. Note also the collection of corticioid fungi from France, result of assistance on the part of the scientific staff at the Rencontres Francophones d'Aphyllophorales. The rest corresponds to specimens from other countries, mainly from Europe and America, but also from Asia and Africa, thoungh in smaller numbers.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage

All specimens are identified to genus or species, they are ordered in accordance with the 7th edition of the Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of Fungi (1983). Over half of the collection is georeferenced. Basidiomycota, with over 27,500 specimens is the divisio of fungi best represented, being corticioid fungi the most numerous, with more than 12,000 specimens; followed by Agaricales, with nearly 9,950; gasteromycetes with 9,700, and poroid fungi with some 4,700 specimens. Most of them come from the Iberian Peninsula, but also there is a good representation of this group from France, especially of corticioid fungi and also poroid fungi to a lesser extent. The Myxomycetes collection with about 20.000 specimens, covers Iberian slime molds specially well. The Neotropics, as result of the Myxotropic project led by C. Lado, are also well represented. By groups, the collection comprises Physarales with 16,030 specimens, Stemonitales with 2,840, Liceales with 2,120 and in lesser number Echinosteliales and Ceratiomyxales. The collection of Myxomycetes of the MA herbarium, together with other four European Herbaria (BR, LE, M, and WARK) has participated in a research project with the aim of creating a virtual Herbarium of Myxomycetes through GBIF, consisting of 9,000 specimens, containing almost one third of all types of the group. The Ascomycota are represented by 10,510 specimens, being the best represented orders: Pezizales, with 4.716 specimens, Erysiphales with 2,033, and Helothiales with 1,255.

Kingdom  Fungi (Hongos)
Phylum  Zygomycota,  Myxomycota,  Chytridiomycota,  Oomycota,  Basidiomycota
Order  Endogonales,  Entomophtorales,  Mucorales,  Acrasiales,  Ceratyomyxales,  Echinosteliales,  Liceales,  Physarales,  Plasmodiophorales,  Stemonitales,  Trichiales,  Blastocladiales,  Chytridiales,  Peronosporales,  Gauteriales,  Hymenogastrales,  Lycoperdales,  Melanogastrales,  Nidulariales,  Sclerodermatales,  Tulostomatales,  Agaricales,  Atheliales,  Atractiellales,  Auriculariales,  Boletales,  Brachybasidiales,  Cantharellales,  Corticiales,  Dacrymycetales,  Doassansiales,  Entylomatales,  Erythrobasidiales,  Exobasidiales,  Filobasidiales,  Geastrales,  Georgefischeriales,  Gloeophyllales,  Gomphales,  Helicobasidiales,  Heterogastridiales,  Hymenochaetales,  Hysterangiales,  Leucosporidiales,  Microstomatales,  Mycobotriales,  Phallales,  Platygloeales,  Polyporales,  Russulales,  Sebacinales,  Septobasidiales,  Spiculogloeales,  Sporodiobolales,  Thelephorales,  Tilletiales,  Trechisporales,  Tremellales,  Ustilaginales,  Uredinales,  Ascomycota,  Triticrachiales,  Caliciales,  Capnodiales,  Clavicipitales,  Coryneliales,  Cyttariales,  Diaportales,  Diatrypales,  Dothideales,  Elaphomycetales,  Endomycetales,  Erysiphales,  Eurotiales,  Gimnoascales,  Graphideales,  Helothiales,  Hypocreales,  Hysteriales,  Incertae sedis,  Laboulbeniales,  Lecanidiales,  Leotiales,  Microscales,  Mycocaliciales,  Onygenales,  Ophiostomatales,  Orbiliales,  Ostropales,  Peltigerales,  Pezizales,  Pleosporales,  Polystimatales,  Pyreniales,  Pyrenulales,  Rhytismatales,  Sordariales,  Sphaeriales,  Taphrinales,  Trichosphaeriales

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 0012-01-26 / 0015-05-07

Collection Data

Collection Name The Collection of Fungi of the Real Jardín Botánico of Madrid
Collection Identifier MA-Fungi
Parent Collection Identifier No aplica
Specimen preservation methods Dried
Curatorial Units Between 85,000 and 90,000 sobres

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 85b2fcd8-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a
doi:10.15468/p8goiy
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=ma-fungi