Long-term monitoring of the relative density in the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) with track counts in Doñana National Park 2007-2022

Evento de muestreo
Última versión publicado por Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC) el nov. 20, 2023 Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Fecha de publicación:
20 de noviembre de 2023
Licencia:
CC-BY 4.0

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 444 registros en Inglés (42 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: desconocido
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (34 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (17 KB)

Descripción

The long-term monitoring of carnivore tracks in Doñana is part of a harmonised protocol for the Long-term Ecological Monitoring Program of Natural Resources and Processes targeting mammals' populations. The general aim of this protocol is to study the temporal evolution of the relative density of the main species of carnivores in the main habitats of the Doñana National Park. Tracks surveys were done annually after the first rains of the hydrological year, i.e. the first autumn rains, usually in October. Due to climate change, in recent years the rainy season has been delayed until the beginning of the year. This protocol has stablished in 2007 and it has done annually until the present (2022), except in 2021 when due to logistical problems no census was made. Censuses are carried out through 12 prefixed transects, with sand substrate, in Doñana National Park. Each transect consists of a 2 km of length and 1.5 m of width that is done by a car at a constant speed between 10 and 15 km/h. Transects are cleaned the day before of the census with a metal beam to facilitate the read of the tracks and to ensure that the foot prints were from the previous day. Each transect is repeated in three consecutive days, and during the transect the sand is cleaned for the next day. In the census an expert in mammals’ tracks identifies all the tracks, i.e. groups of carnivore foot prints, and he/she records them in Cybertracker. That way, tracks' information like coordinates, hour, species identification and observation was recorded; and also the information of each transect was recorded: surveyors, drivers, date, start and end (hour and coordinates). This method enables to calculate Kilometric Abundance Indexes (KAI) for each species and transect. In order to clarify all carnivore datasets, the data was separated by species, this allows concrete analysis by species. In this dataset domestic dog´s (Canis lupus familiaris) data is presented.

Registros

Los datos en este recurso de evento de muestreo han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 444 registros.

también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

Event (core)
444
Occurrence 
602

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Carro F, Román I, Laffite Alaminos R, Paz D, Ceballos O, Chico A, Torrijo-Salesa M, Díaz-Delgado R, Bustamante J, Márquez-Ferrando R (2023). Long-term monitoring of the relative density in the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) with track counts in Doñana National Park 2007-2022. Version 1.1. Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC). Samplingevent dataset. https://doi.org/10.15470/zmqncw

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC). Esta obra está bajo una licencia Creative Commons de Atribución/Reconocimiento (CC-BY 4.0).

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 6c1a7df0-8ef7-444e-a499-a858cc36cc80.  Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC) publica este recurso y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Spain.

Palabras clave

Samplingevent; Observation; Long-term monitoring

Contactos

Francisco Carro
  • Originador
  • Punto De Contacto
Technician Coordinator, researcher
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
C/ Américo Vespucio 26, Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
ES
Isidro Román
  • Originador
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Carretera de El Rocío - Matalascañas, A-483, km 40
21760 Almonte
Huelva
ES
Rafael Laffite Alaminos
  • Originador
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Carretera de El Rocío - Matalascañas, A-483, km 40
21760 Almonte
Huelva
ES
David Paz
  • Originador
Technician Coordinator
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Carretera de El Rocío - Matalascañas, A-483, km 40
21760 Almonte
Huelva
ES
Olga Ceballos
  • Originador
Biological Technician
Alfredo Chico
  • Originador
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Carretera de El Rocío - Matalascañas, A-483, km 40
21760 Almonte
Huelva
ES
Mizar Torrijo-Salesa
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
  • Originador
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana-CSIC
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26 Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
ES
Ricardo Díaz-Delgado
  • Originador
  • Investigador Principal
Researcher
Estación Biológica de Doñana-CSIC
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26 Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
ES
Javier Bustamante
  • Originador
  • Investigador Principal
Researcher and Vicedirector of the ICTS-RBD
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
Avda. Américo Vespucio 26 Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
Rocío Márquez-Ferrando
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
C/ Américo Vespucio 26, Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
ES
Rocío Márquez Ferrando
  • Punto De Contacto
Biological Technician
Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)
C/ Américo Vespucio 26, Isla de la Cartuja
41092 Sevilla
Sevilla
ES

Cobertura geográfica

The study area is located in southwest Spain in the Guadalquivir Basin and covers Doñana Protected Area (542.51 km2). Climate is Mediterranean sub-humid with Atlantic coast influence deriving in wet mild winters and dry warm summers. The rainy season occurs between October and April, with a peak in December–January (average rainfall is about 550 mm). Doñana Protected Area includes seven ecosystems types (coastal waters, beach, dunes, forest, shrubland, sandy lakes and marshes) and 21 habitat types, 11 of them of high conservation importance – such as the Bulrush and Glasswort marsh, floodplain lakes, sandy lakes, grassland ecotones, Cork-Oak forest, shrubland, coastal Juniper forest and dunes.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [36,79, -6,57], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [37,15, -6,33]

Cobertura taxonómica

Tracks are identified to the species level.

Cobertura temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 2007-10-31 / 2022-11-30

Datos del proyecto

The aim of this project is to provide information about the evolution of the conservation status of Doñana. To do that, it has been designed a monitoring program of the dynamic of natural processes and the distribution and abundance of species and communities. This monitoring is generating time series of data which is being used to analyse long-term trends.

Título Seguimiento a largo plazo de los procesos naturales en la Infraestructura Científica y Técnica Singular Reserva Biológica de Doñana
Identificador 202030E286
Fuentes de Financiación We acknowledge financial support from National Parks Autonomous Agency (OAPN) in 2007; the Singular Scientific and Technical Infrastructures from the Spanish Science and Innovation Ministry (ICTS-MICINN); the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Sustainable Development from the Regional Government of Andalusia (CAGPDES-JA) since 2011; the Doñana Biological Station from the Spanish National Research Council (EBD-CSIC) since all the study period (2011); Ministry of Science and Innovation (Recovery, Transformation and Resilence Plan); and the European Comision with the Long-term Ecosystem Research in Europe (eLTER) (a HORIZON funding coordination of the European funding programme for research and innovation) and NextGenerationEU funding.
Descripción del área de estudio Doñana LTSER Platform. Doñana Protected Area. Doñana National Park. Doñana Biological Reserve (RBD). https://deims.org/bcbc866c-3f4f-47a8-bbbc-0a93df6de7b2
Descripción del diseño Initially it focused on birds and endangered species such as the Iberian Lynx or the Imperial Eagle. Formally, it started in 2003, when it was extended and funded to monitor biodiversity and ecological processes targeting species, habitats and populations, as well as ecosystem structure and function. As a summary, data analysis and assessment are made to enhance management decisions with baseline information to minimize the impact of global change drivers. Results are annually reported to the National Park Managers and Practitioners and to the regional authorities as scientific reports.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Ricardo Díaz-Delgado
Javier Bustamante

Métodos de muestreo

The long-term monitoring of carnivore tracks in Doñana started in 2008 by setting 12 permanent transects across the Doñana National Park. The transects have a length of 2 km and 1.5 m of width. Each transect is sampled three times during the sampling campaign in autumn (between October and November) always after the first rains of the hydrological year. Before each census the sand substrate was cleaned with a metal beam to facilitate the read of tracks and to ensure that the foot prints were from the previous day. Carnivores tracks, i.e. groups of carnivore foot prints, were identified and recorded in a Cybertracker sequence, that allows note coordinates information automatically. This census and his method enables esteem relative densities and also the calculation of Kilometric Abundance Indexes (KAI) of each species according to each transect of sampling period.

Área de Estudio The study area is located in southwest Spain in the Guadalquivir Basin and covers Doñana Protected Area (542.51 km2). Climate is Mediterranean sub-humid with Atlantic coast influence deriving in wet mild winters and dry warm summers. The rainy season occurs between October and April, with a peak in December–January (average rainfall is about 550 mm). Four main ecosystems are monitored in the area: freshwater marshes, mobile sand dunes, Mediterranean shrublands and woodlands and Doñana shoreline of 30 km. This monitoring protocol is carried out in 12 permanent and prefixed transects along Doñana National Park. Each transect was sampled three (3 consecutive days) times per year, after the first autumn rains.
Control de Calidad The protocol used has been supervised by ecological researchers and the data have been validated by the members who performed the transects.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. The annual survey of each transect is composed by three different censuses on consecutive days. Furthermore, the day before of the first census day a metal beam of 1.5 m was passed along the transect of 2 km to eliminate previous old tracks, ensuring that the foot prints were from the previous day. During each census the metal beam was also passed cleaning the sand to the next day. That way, the detected tracks on each census belonged to the previous 24 hours, so each census is different to the ones made in the same period (3 consecutive days). An expert in mammals’ tracks identified all footprints in the transect area (2km x 1.5m), they were noted in Cybertracker that recorded the hour and the coordinates for each one. Data was download as Excel or csv files and then was validated, cleaned and prepared for the analysis. In order to clarify all carnivore datasets, the data was separated by species, this allows concrete analysis by species. In this dataset domestic dog´s (Canis lupus familiaris) data is presented.

Metadatos adicionales

Identificadores alternativos 10.15470/zmqncw
6c1a7df0-8ef7-444e-a499-a858cc36cc80
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=icts-rbd-canistracks_ev_20230915