Biological Reference Collections ICM-CSIC
The marine Biological Reference Collections (CBR) are located at the Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM-CSIC) in Barcelona, Spain. The CBR are a Unit of Service where around 15000 referenced species are preserved, catalogued and maintained for their study. The most represented marine groups at the CBR are fish, crustaceans, molluscs and echinoderms, but also other groups are present. The studies based on the CBR specimens are focused on biodiversity, biogeography, taxonomy (type species), invasive and alien species, and genetic analysis. Several PhD theses have also been carried out in collaboration with the CBR. The CBR are a reference point for the marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea, but in their facilities the CBR also hold specimens from all the oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Antarctic and Arctic). The Collections are constantly receiving new specimens and updating. The main sources of specimens are oceanographic surveys and different kind of sampling programs carried out by the research projects run by the ICM-CSIC. However, the CBR have also received (in the past and currently) different collections donated by naturalists, researchers, other institutions, and particulars. The CBR were created in 1981, in the earlier history of the ICM-CSIC, by Jaume Rucabado, Domingo Lloris and Concepción Allué. The Collections were later recognized and catalogued by the Spanish Ministry of Culture in 1990. In the last decade, the CBR initiated a new stage where the information was digitized and the physical preservation of specimens updated to the new rules (such as change from formaldehyde to ethanol). The CBR are now part of GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility), thus making public and available all data collections and their metadata. We have also incorporated the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to monitor and study the geographical distribution of our specimens and moreover, the CBR started to act as repository of DNA voucher collections for genetic analyses. As a unit of service of the ICM-CSIC we think that education and outreach of marine science is of crucial importance for the society and for that reason the CBR take active part in several outreach activities with schools, universities and general public. For more information or details you can visit our webpage (http://cbr.icm.csic.es/en/node) and send us an e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org). We will be happy to help you.
Guerrero E, Abelló P, Lombarte A, Villanueva R, Ramón M, Sabatés A, Santos R (2020): Biological Reference Collections ICM-CSIC. v1.28. Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM-CSIC). Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/qlqqdx
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM-CSIC)。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
Occurrence; marine; collection; specimens; fish; crustaceans; molluscs; echinoderms
Worldwide space coverage Fishes The specimens of the reference collection of Fish come mostly from the following geographical areas: • W Mediterranean (31%): Catalan and Iberian Mediterranean ... • SE Atlantic (28%): Angola, Valdivia Bank, Namibia ... • Central-E Atlantic (8%): Gulf of Guinea, Mauritania, Sahara, Senegal ... • Central-E Pacific (7%): California, Mexico ... • W Indian ocean (7%): Mozambique, Somalia ... Many specimens were collected from fishery research cruises (Atlor, Bathos, Benguela, CEEMEX, Marca, MEDITS, Mozambique, Sahara, Valdivia ...), but also from exchanges, doantions and diverse sampling procedures. Decapods The specimens of the Decapoda-General collection were mainly collected from the following geographical zones: • SE Atlantic Ocean (43 %): Angola, Namibia … • W Mediterranean Sea (36 %) • Central-E Pacific (10 %): Mexico … • Central-E Atlantic Ocean (7 %): Guinea … • And other zones of the Atlantic Ocean (France, Galicia; Newfoundland, Gulf of Mexico, Beagle Channel), the Indian Ocean (Mozambique) and the Antarctic Ocean. Most specimens of the Decapoda-General collection have been collected in oceanographic and fishery research cruises and coastal samplings: Africana, Bathos, Batimar, Benguela, CEEMEX, Marca, MEDITS, Namibia, Valdivia… Cephalopods The collection contains about 1,500 specimens. The two main areas of origin are the SE Atlantic Ocean (62%, Namibia, Valdivia Bank) and the W Mediterranean (33%). There are about 60 species from the SE Atlantic Ocean and about 40 species from the Mediterranean Sea. The main collecting cruises were: Atlor, Bathos, Benguela, MEDITS and Valdivia. Other taxa There are specimens of the phyllum Echinodermata from the deep Mediterranean Sea (up to 2,850 m), belonging to the classes Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea. Cumacean species, the majority of them are types (holotypes, paratypes, allotypes; there are types of 20 species. Their origin is varied: Antarctic Ocean-Shetland Islands, Gulf of Thailand, Pacific Ocean-New Caledonia, Persian Gulf, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea.
|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [-90, -180], 緯度北界 經度東界 [90, 180]|
|Order||Amphipoda, Euphausiacea, Isopoda, Lophogastrida, Mysida, Calanoida, Scalpelliformes, Decapoda, Cumacea|
|Order||Myopsida, Octopoda, Oegopsida, Sepiida, Spirulida, Vampyromorpha, Decapodiformes|
|Family||Arcidae, Cardiidae, Glossidae, Gryphaeidae, Limidae, Mactridae, Pandoridae, Pectinidae, Pharidae, Pinnidae, Psammobiidae, Veneridae, Anomiidae, Hiatellidae, Mytilidae, Noetiidae, Nuculidae, Ostreidae, Tellinidae, Solecurtidae, Pteriidae, Solenidae, Nassariidae, Donacidae, Lucinidae, Umbraculidae, Corbulidae, Buccinidae|
|Class||Asteroidea, Crinoidea, Echinoidea, Holothuroidea, Ophiuroidea|
|Order||Acipenseriformes, Anguiliformes, Atheriniformes, Batrachoidiformes, Beloniformes, Beryciformes, Carcharhiniformes, Cetomimiformes, Chimaeriformes, Clupeiformes, Cypriniformes, Dactylopteriformes, Elopiformes, Gadiformes, Gasterosteiformes, Gobiesociformes, Heterodontiformes, Hexanchiformes, Lamniformes, Lampridiformes, Lophiiformes, Mugiliformes, Myctophiformes, Myliobatiformes, Myxiniformes, Notacanthiformes, Ophidiiformes, Orectolobiformes, Perciformes, Petromyzoniformes, Pleuronectiformes, Rajiformes, Salmoniformes, Scorpaeniformes, Siluriformes, Squaliformes, Squatiniformes, Stomiiformes, Syngnathiformes, Tetraodontiformes, Torpediniformes, Zeiformes|
|Family||Architectonicidae, Calliostomatidae, Calyptraeidae, Capulidae, Cassidae, Clathurellidae, Columbellidae, Costellaridae, Dorididae, Fasciolariidae, Marginellidae, Muricidae, Naticidae, Ovulidae, Polyceridae, Raphitomidae, Scaphandridae, Triviidae, Trochidae, Turritellidae, Aporrhaidae, Cancellariidae, Marginellidae, Ranellidae, Fissurellidae|
|Family||Squillidae, Hemisquillidae , Nannosquillidae, Parasquillidae|
|管理單位||在...之間 27,000 和 29,000 specimen|