A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

Versão mais recente publicado por Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona em Feb 27, 2020 Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona

A study on amphibian fauna at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia was conducted between December 2018 and June 2019. We recorded 18 species of amphibians from 14 genera and 6 families. These include seven new records for Lubuk Semilang, which are Fejervarya limnocharis, Limnonectes hascheanus, Megophrys aceras, Kaloula pulchra, Microhyla butleri, Pulchrana laterimaculata, and Polypedates discantus. We also recorded a new anuran record for Langkawi Archipelago, Pulchrana laterimaculata, and two endemic species of Malaysia, Leptobrachium smithi and Limnonectes macrognathus. Results from this survey indicate the amphibian species of the Langkawi Archipelago has increased from 28 to 29 species.

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Dasi, O., Shahriza, S., 2020. A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

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O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

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Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 558b89af-0cf0-4f53-b8e0-dbaccc9d6925.  Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por GBIF Spain.

Palavras-chave

Lowland dipterocarp forest; Amphibian; Habitat; Diversity; Langkawi; Peninsular Malaysia; Occurrence

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Shahrudin Shahriza
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Penang MY

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Ong Dasi
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Penang MY

Quem preencher os metadados:

Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor
Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Pg Picasso s/n. 08003 Barcelona Barcelona

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Usuário
Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor AMZ
Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Ps Picasso s/n 08003 Barcelona ES

Cobertura Geográfica

Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located at the base of Gunung Raya Forest Reserve, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. This forest covers 4,930 hectares and was declared a permanent forest in 1941 (Kedah Forestry Department, 2014). Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located beside Kampung Buku Malaysia and is approximately eight kilometres from the nearest town, Kuah. The stream at Lubuk Semilang, Sungai Korok, originates from the highest mountain of Langkawi, Gunung Raya (881 m a.s.l.). It flows into Sungai Kok, then into a larger stream, Sungai Melaka, before draining into the Straits of Malacca. In the Lubuk Semilang area, Sungai Korok is approximately two km long and it has a two–tier waterfall that is very popular for recreational and outdoor activities

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [6.258, 99.628], Norte Leste [6.479, 99.963]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Nenhuma descrição disponível

Família  Bufonidae,  Dicroglossidae,  Megophryidae,  Microhylidae,  Ranidae,  Rhacophoridae
Espécie  Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799),  Phrynoidis asper (Gravenhorst, 1829),  Fejervarya limnocharis (Gravenhorst, 1829),  Limnonectes blythii (Boulenger, 1920),  Limnonectes hascheanus (Stoliczka, 1870),  Limnonectes macrognathus (Boulenger, 1917),  Occidozyga martensii (Peters, 1867),  Leptobrachium smithi (Matsui, Nabhitabhata and Panha, 1999),  Megophrys aceras (Boulenger, 1903),  Kaloula pulchra (Gray, 1831),  Microhyla berdmorei (Blyth, 1856),  Microhyla butleri (Boulenger, 1900),  Chalcorana labialis (Boulenger, 1887),  Hylarana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837),  Odorrana hosii (Boulenger, 1891),  Pulchrana glandulosa (Boulenger, 1882),  Pulchrana laterimaculata (Barbour and Noble, 1916),  Polypedates discantus (Rujirawan, Stuart and Aowphol, 2013)

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 2018-12-01 / 2019-06-30

Dados Sobre o Projeto

At Lubuk Semilang, only a small area had been explored and studied by previous researchers. Many areas around Lubuk Semilang, such as small streams, wetlands, swamps, seasonal pools, ditches and upper parts of Sungai Korok, remain unexplored. The present research was thus carried out to document amphibian species that inhabit the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang.

Título A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia
Financiamento This project was funded by Universiti Sains Malaysia, Research University Grant (1001/PFARMASI/8011004) to the second author
Descrição da Área de Estudo Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located at the base of Gunung Raya Forest Reserve, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. This forest covers 4,930 hectares and was declared a permanent forest in 1941 (Kedah Forestry Department, 2014). Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located beside Kampung Buku Malaysia and is approximately eight kilometres from the nearest town, Kuah. The stream at Lubuk Semilang, Sungai Korok, originates from the highest mountain of Langkawi, Gunung Raya (881 m a.s.l.). It flows into Sungai Kok, then into a larger stream, Sungai Melaka, before draining into the Straits of Malacca. In the Lubuk Semilang area, Sungai Korok is approximately two km long and it has a two–tier waterfall that is very popular for recreational and outdoor activities.
Descrição do Design This research was conducted at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island (06º 21' 47.97'' N – 99º 47' 30.17'' E, elevation < 100 m a.s.l.), Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia, between December 2018 and June 2019. Twenty–five consecutive visits were made. Samplings of amphibian species were performed at eight different habitat types: the lower, middle and upper part of Sungai Korok, small streams beside Mardi and Kg. Buku, marsh wetland, slow–moving stream, and road trail. Tadpoles and egg clutches were collected between 10:00 and 13:00 h using a scoop net, and they were then placed in plastic containers. Amphibian individuals were captured between 20:00 and 23:00 h by means of a Visual Encounter Survey (VES), by hand or a scoop net, and with the help of headlights and flashlights. Two to three field members were involved in the surveys. Each live specimen was photographed in situ using a compact camera (Nikon COOLPIX L840) before being collected for identification. We recorded habitat characteristics, including the type of vegetation, river width, water current flow, and canopy–covering. Microhabitat characteristics, which include horizontal position, vertical position and substrates, were also determined (Heyer et al., 1994). Horizontal position refers to the shortest distance of the species from any water bodies (streams or ponds). Vertical position refers to subsurface on the exposed soil surface (on a rock or on the plant), while substrate refers to the surface area that the individual sits on at the time of capture (rock, vegetation, log, mineral soil or dead leaf) (Zainudin, 2009; Zainudin et al., 2017). We also recorded abiotic conditions such as humidity, temperature, and weather using AccuWeather application (android).

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Métodos de Amostragem

Tadpoles and egg clutches were collected between 10:00 and 13:00 h using a scoop net, and they were then placed in plastic containers. Amphibian individuals were captured between 20:00 and 23:00 h by means of a Visual Encounter Survey (VES), by hand or a scoop net, and with the help of headlights and flashlights. Two to three field members were involved in the surveys. Each live specimen was photographed in situ using a compact camera (Nikon COOLPIX L840) before being collected for identification

Área de Estudo This research was conducted at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island (06º 21' 47.97'' N – 99º 47' 30.17'' E, elevation < 100 m a.s.l.) (fig. 1) Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia, between December 2018 and June 2019. Twenty–five consecutive visits were made. Samplings of amphibian species were performed at eight different habitat types: the lower, middle and upper part of Sungai Korok, small streams beside Mardi and Kg. Buku, marsh wetland, slow–moving stream, and road trail.
Controle de Qualidade Anuran species, including tadpoles, were identified based on their morphological characteristics, following by Smith (1930), Berry (1975), Inger et al. (2017), Norhayati et al. (2009), and Norhayati (2017). Taxonomic nomenclature was based on Frost (2019).

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Measurements taken for each individual were: weight (WT), tibia length (TL) (length of the outer surface of the flexed knee to the heel/tibiotarsal inflection), snout–vent length (SVL) (length from the tip of snout to posterior margin of the vent), and head width (HW) (the widest part of the head or angle of the jaws) (Watters et al., 2016). Measurements were made using electronic scales and a caliper. We recorded habitat characteristics, including the type of vegetation, river width, water current flow, and canopy–covering. Microhabitat characteristics, which include horizontal position, vertical position and substrates, were also determined (Heyer et al., 1994). Horizontal position refers to the shortest distance of the species from any water bodies (streams or ponds). Vertical position refers to subsurface on the exposed soil surface (on a rock or on the plant), while substrate refers to the surface area that the individual sits on at the time of capture (rock, vegetation, log, mineral soil or dead leaf) (Zainudin, 2009; Zainudin et al., 2017). We also recorded abiotic conditions such as humidity, temperature, and weather using AccuWeather application (android).

Dados de Coleção

Nome da Coleção School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Métodos de preservação do espécime Álcool

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Dasi, O., Shahriza, S., 2020. A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 18 https://doi.org/10.32800/amz.2020.18.0009

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 10.15470/f0diow
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=amphibians_langkawiisland_malaysia