A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

Latest version published by Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona on Feb 27, 2020 Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona

A study on amphibian fauna at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia was conducted between December 2018 and June 2019. We recorded 18 species of amphibians from 14 genera and 6 families. These include seven new records for Lubuk Semilang, which are Fejervarya limnocharis, Limnonectes hascheanus, Megophrys aceras, Kaloula pulchra, Microhyla butleri, Pulchrana laterimaculata, and Polypedates discantus. We also recorded a new anuran record for Langkawi Archipelago, Pulchrana laterimaculata, and two endemic species of Malaysia, Leptobrachium smithi and Limnonectes macrognathus. Results from this survey indicate the amphibian species of the Langkawi Archipelago has increased from 28 to 29 species.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 81 records.

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Dasi, O., Shahriza, S., 2020. A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 558b89af-0cf0-4f53-b8e0-dbaccc9d6925.  Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Lowland dipterocarp forest; Amphibian; Habitat; Diversity; Langkawi; Peninsular Malaysia; Occurrence

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Shahrudin Shahriza
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Penang MY

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Ong Dasi
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Penang MY

Who filled in the metadata:

Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor
Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Pg Picasso s/n. 08003 Barcelona Barcelona

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor AMZ
Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Ps Picasso s/n 08003 Barcelona ES

Geographic Coverage

Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located at the base of Gunung Raya Forest Reserve, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. This forest covers 4,930 hectares and was declared a permanent forest in 1941 (Kedah Forestry Department, 2014). Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located beside Kampung Buku Malaysia and is approximately eight kilometres from the nearest town, Kuah. The stream at Lubuk Semilang, Sungai Korok, originates from the highest mountain of Langkawi, Gunung Raya (881 m a.s.l.). It flows into Sungai Kok, then into a larger stream, Sungai Melaka, before draining into the Straits of Malacca. In the Lubuk Semilang area, Sungai Korok is approximately two km long and it has a two–tier waterfall that is very popular for recreational and outdoor activities

Bounding Coordinates South West [6.258, 99.628], North East [6.479, 99.963]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Family  Bufonidae,  Dicroglossidae,  Megophryidae,  Microhylidae,  Ranidae,  Rhacophoridae
Species  Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799),  Phrynoidis asper (Gravenhorst, 1829),  Fejervarya limnocharis (Gravenhorst, 1829),  Limnonectes blythii (Boulenger, 1920),  Limnonectes hascheanus (Stoliczka, 1870),  Limnonectes macrognathus (Boulenger, 1917),  Occidozyga martensii (Peters, 1867),  Leptobrachium smithi (Matsui, Nabhitabhata and Panha, 1999),  Megophrys aceras (Boulenger, 1903),  Kaloula pulchra (Gray, 1831),  Microhyla berdmorei (Blyth, 1856),  Microhyla butleri (Boulenger, 1900),  Chalcorana labialis (Boulenger, 1887),  Hylarana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837),  Odorrana hosii (Boulenger, 1891),  Pulchrana glandulosa (Boulenger, 1882),  Pulchrana laterimaculata (Barbour and Noble, 1916),  Polypedates discantus (Rujirawan, Stuart and Aowphol, 2013)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2018-12-01 / 2019-06-30

Project Data

At Lubuk Semilang, only a small area had been explored and studied by previous researchers. Many areas around Lubuk Semilang, such as small streams, wetlands, swamps, seasonal pools, ditches and upper parts of Sungai Korok, remain unexplored. The present research was thus carried out to document amphibian species that inhabit the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang.

Title A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia
Funding This project was funded by Universiti Sains Malaysia, Research University Grant (1001/PFARMASI/8011004) to the second author
Study Area Description Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located at the base of Gunung Raya Forest Reserve, Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. This forest covers 4,930 hectares and was declared a permanent forest in 1941 (Kedah Forestry Department, 2014). Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park is located beside Kampung Buku Malaysia and is approximately eight kilometres from the nearest town, Kuah. The stream at Lubuk Semilang, Sungai Korok, originates from the highest mountain of Langkawi, Gunung Raya (881 m a.s.l.). It flows into Sungai Kok, then into a larger stream, Sungai Melaka, before draining into the Straits of Malacca. In the Lubuk Semilang area, Sungai Korok is approximately two km long and it has a two–tier waterfall that is very popular for recreational and outdoor activities.
Design Description This research was conducted at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island (06º 21' 47.97'' N – 99º 47' 30.17'' E, elevation < 100 m a.s.l.), Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia, between December 2018 and June 2019. Twenty–five consecutive visits were made. Samplings of amphibian species were performed at eight different habitat types: the lower, middle and upper part of Sungai Korok, small streams beside Mardi and Kg. Buku, marsh wetland, slow–moving stream, and road trail. Tadpoles and egg clutches were collected between 10:00 and 13:00 h using a scoop net, and they were then placed in plastic containers. Amphibian individuals were captured between 20:00 and 23:00 h by means of a Visual Encounter Survey (VES), by hand or a scoop net, and with the help of headlights and flashlights. Two to three field members were involved in the surveys. Each live specimen was photographed in situ using a compact camera (Nikon COOLPIX L840) before being collected for identification. We recorded habitat characteristics, including the type of vegetation, river width, water current flow, and canopy–covering. Microhabitat characteristics, which include horizontal position, vertical position and substrates, were also determined (Heyer et al., 1994). Horizontal position refers to the shortest distance of the species from any water bodies (streams or ponds). Vertical position refers to subsurface on the exposed soil surface (on a rock or on the plant), while substrate refers to the surface area that the individual sits on at the time of capture (rock, vegetation, log, mineral soil or dead leaf) (Zainudin, 2009; Zainudin et al., 2017). We also recorded abiotic conditions such as humidity, temperature, and weather using AccuWeather application (android).

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

Tadpoles and egg clutches were collected between 10:00 and 13:00 h using a scoop net, and they were then placed in plastic containers. Amphibian individuals were captured between 20:00 and 23:00 h by means of a Visual Encounter Survey (VES), by hand or a scoop net, and with the help of headlights and flashlights. Two to three field members were involved in the surveys. Each live specimen was photographed in situ using a compact camera (Nikon COOLPIX L840) before being collected for identification

Study Extent This research was conducted at the lowland dipterocarp forest of Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island (06º 21' 47.97'' N – 99º 47' 30.17'' E, elevation < 100 m a.s.l.) (fig. 1) Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia, between December 2018 and June 2019. Twenty–five consecutive visits were made. Samplings of amphibian species were performed at eight different habitat types: the lower, middle and upper part of Sungai Korok, small streams beside Mardi and Kg. Buku, marsh wetland, slow–moving stream, and road trail.
Quality Control Anuran species, including tadpoles, were identified based on their morphological characteristics, following by Smith (1930), Berry (1975), Inger et al. (2017), Norhayati et al. (2009), and Norhayati (2017). Taxonomic nomenclature was based on Frost (2019).

Method step description:

  1. Measurements taken for each individual were: weight (WT), tibia length (TL) (length of the outer surface of the flexed knee to the heel/tibiotarsal inflection), snout–vent length (SVL) (length from the tip of snout to posterior margin of the vent), and head width (HW) (the widest part of the head or angle of the jaws) (Watters et al., 2016). Measurements were made using electronic scales and a caliper. We recorded habitat characteristics, including the type of vegetation, river width, water current flow, and canopy–covering. Microhabitat characteristics, which include horizontal position, vertical position and substrates, were also determined (Heyer et al., 1994). Horizontal position refers to the shortest distance of the species from any water bodies (streams or ponds). Vertical position refers to subsurface on the exposed soil surface (on a rock or on the plant), while substrate refers to the surface area that the individual sits on at the time of capture (rock, vegetation, log, mineral soil or dead leaf) (Zainudin, 2009; Zainudin et al., 2017). We also recorded abiotic conditions such as humidity, temperature, and weather using AccuWeather application (android).

Collection Data

Collection Name School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Dasi, O., Shahriza, S., 2020. A checklist of amphibians at Lubuk Semilang Recreational Park, Langkawi Island, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 18 https://doi.org/10.32800/amz.2020.18.0009

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 10.15470/f0diow
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=amphibians_langkawiisland_malaysia