The state of Hidalgo (Mexico) is an important region from the point of view of biodiversity. However, there exists a significant gap in accessible knowledge about species diversity and distribution, especially regarding to freshwater ecosystems. This dataset comprises the sampling records of two projects developed in Hidalgo between 2007 and 2009 about the freshwater fish communities of Tecocomulco lake and rivers belonging to the Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve. It contains the taxonomic identity (species level) and basic biometric data (total length and weight) as well as date of collection and coordinates of more than 9000 specimens. This dataset is the primary result of the first and unrepeated exhaustive freshwater fish’s survey of Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve and Tecocomulco lake. It incorporates seven more species to the regional fish fauna, and new exclusive biometric data of ten species. This dataset can be used by studies dealing with, among other interests, North American freshwater fish diversity (species richness, distribution patterns) and biometric analyses, useful for the management and conservation of these areas. The complete dataset is also provided in Darwin Core Archive format.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 7,403 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
MZNA (2013): Fishes in MZNA-VERT: freshwater fishes of Hidalgo state (Mexico). v1.2. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=pemx_mzna&v=1.2
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 28c1c18b-64d8-4691-acdb-73e5653292f8. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Occurrence; Occurrence; biometry; freshwater fishes; non-native species; threatened species; conservation; Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve; Tecocomulco Lake; Mexico
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
Who filled in the metadata:
Who else was associated with the resource:
Hidalgo State, East-Central Mexico. Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphere Reserve (20.23–20.75N; 98.95-98.38W) and Lake Tecocomulco (19.83-19.90N; 98.44-98.35W)
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]|
All specimens are identified to species level. Collection comprises 17 species (and two hybrids) of fishes belonging to eight families of the orders Atheriniformes, Ciprinodontiformes, Ostariophysi and Perciformes.
|Order||Atheriniformes (NA), Ciprinodontiformes (NA), Ostariophysi (NA), Perciformes (NA)|
|Family||Mugillidae (NA), Cichlidae (NA), Characidae (NA), Cyprinidae (NA), Goodeidae (NA), Ictaluridae (NA), Atherinopsidae (NA), Poeciliidae (NA)|
|Species||Agonostomus monticola (Mountain mullet), Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid), Astyanax mexicanus (Mexican tetra), Cyprinus carpio (Common carp), Girardinichthys viviparus (Chapultepec splitfin), Goodea atripinnis (Blackfin goodea), Herichthys pantostictus (Chairel cichlid), Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish), Ictalurus sp (NA), Menidia jordani (Mesa silverside), Poecilia mexicana (Shortfin molly), Poeciliopsis gracilis (Porthole livebearer), Pseudoxiphophorus jonesii (Barred killifish), Tampichthys ipni (Lantern minnow), Xiphophorus birchmanni (Sheepshead swordtail), Xiphophorus helleri (Green swordtail), Xiphophorus malinche (Highland swordtail)|
|Start Date / End Date||2007-02-06 / 2008-11-21|
No Description available
|Title||Freshwater fishes of Hidalgo state (Mexico)|
|Funding||Project CGL2006-02844/BOS from the Plan Nacional de I+D+I (2004–2007), Dirección General de Investigación, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Gobierno de España. Regional Development Fund (ERDF), project FOMIXHGO-2005-CO1-1 from CONACYT-FOMIX, Hidalgo, Mexico. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional of the Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación, Gobierno de España (A/6357/06).|
|Study Area Description||The state of Hidalgo is located in east central Mexico, at the intersection of the Mexican Neovolcanic Belt, the central highland plateau (Mesa Central) and the Sierra Madre Oriental. Rivers of Hidalgo, part of the Pánuco, Tuxpan and Cazones basins, flow into the Gulf of Mexico. Fishes in the region are relatively diverse and contain Neotropical and Nearctic species, suggesting that this is a transition zone between the two ecozones (Soria-Barreto et al., 1996). The region is characterized by extreme variation in local ecological systems and a high diversity of flora and fauna, produced by geographic isolation of local populations (Pulido-Flores et al., 2005). The Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve (Hidalgo, Mexico) covers an area of approximately 96000 ha and was designated as a biosphere reserve in 2000. The reserve is situated in the rain shadow of the Sierra Madre Oriental, producing an arid climate and receiving just one quarter of the rainfall of nearby areas located at higher elevations within the Sierra Madre Oriental. Lake Tecocomulco is the only remaining natural water body in the basin of Gran Cuenca del Valle de Mexico. Its surface varies from 7 to 15 km2, depending on the quantity of seasonal rainfall. The lake has turbid and shallow waters, normally with 15-20 m maximum depth, reaching 3 m during some rainy seasons. Sodium, bicarbonates and sulphates are the dominant ions and smaller proportions of calcium, magnesium and chlorine are present (Caballero et al., 1999). Scirpus lacustris L. is the dominant aquatic plant and it extends over much of the central part of the lake. Submerged (Najas spp., Potamogeton spp.) and free floating (Lemna spp.) species are present between the patches of S. lacustris.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Fourty three localities along the Amajac and Metztitlán rivers and Tecocomulco lake were sampled (Collecting permit SGPA/DGVS/060804/06) using a back-pack electrofishing unit (300-600 V, 0.2-2 A). Fish were anaesthetized with tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222; Sigma Chemical Co., St. Louis, MO) before being sexed, measured (total length, in mm) and weighed (g). Majority of specimens were returned to their habitat. Voucher specimens were euthanized by an overdose of anaesthesia and transported to the laboratory for taxonomic identification and study.
|Study Extent||The state of Hidalgo is located in east central Mexico, at the intersection of the Mexican Neovolcanic Belt, the central highland plateau (Mesa Central) and the Sierra Madre Oriental. Rivers of Hidalgo, part of the Pánuco, Tuxpan and Cazones basins, flow into the Gulf of Mexico. The region is characterized by extreme variation in local ecological systems and a high diversity of flora and fauna, produced by geographic isolation of local populations. The study region is part of the Priorities Hydrologic Region of Mexico because the area is impacted by activities of humans and exhibits high levels of biodiversity (Arriaga et al., 2002).|
|Quality Control||Specimens are deposited in the 'Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra' (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain), in the 'Colección de la Universidad del Estado de Hidalgo' (UAEH, Pachuca, Mexico) and in the Texas A&M University, Rosenthal Lab. (A&M, Texas, EEUU). The taxonomic identity of all the species and hybrids was verified in the laboratory by R. Miranda and D. Galicia between 2008-2009 using suitable literature (Hubbs 1924, Hubbs and Turner 1939, Miller 1974, Taylor and Miller 1983, Miller et al. 2005). Scientific names were validated according to W. N. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer 2004). Unique collections’ accession numbers were assigned to each specimen. Other validation procedures, including geographic coordinates format, and congruence between collection and identification dates were checked with DARWIN_TEST (v3.3, Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) software.|
Method step description:
- Specimens were sampled and processed in the field following the procedure described in the Sampling description section. All the captured specimens where measured, weighted and identified (sex and species) before being released. Some individuals were selected for a deeper study in laboratory and euthanized by an overdose of anaesthesia. Preservation was made directly in the field in 70% ethyl alcohol. Once in the laboratory, all the material was subject of an exhaustive taxonomic revision and field data were corrected accordingly. Project dataset was then incorporated to MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991), the specimens were then placed in their final containers, consisting on glass jars with 70% ethyl alcohol, labelled properly and deposited in the MZNA museum holdings (except for a subset of individuals that were vouchered elsewhere, see Quality control description section). Dataset was exported to DarwinCore v1.4 format, revised for data inconsistences with DarwinCore standards and corrected if necessary. Once dataset quality was assured, metadata information was added and the derived Darwin Core Archive was incorporated to the Spanish GBIF IPT (http://www.gbif.es:8080/ipt).
|Collection Name||Muestreos de peces de México|
|Parent Collection Identifier||http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169|
|Specimen preservation methods||Alcohol|
|Curatorial Units||Count 6,453 +/- 0 observation , Count 950 +/- 0 jar|
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G (2009) Threatened fishes of the World: Herichthys labridens (Pellegrin, 1903). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 86(3), 377-378. 10.1007/s10641-009-9528-x
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G. (2009) Weight-length relationships of some native freshwater fishes of Hidalgo State, Mexico. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25: 620-621. 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01319.x
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G (2010) First record of Goodea atripinnis (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae) in the state of Hidalgo (Mexico) and some considerations about its taxonomic position. Hidrobiológica 20(2): 185-190. http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0188-88972010000200009&lng=es&nrm=iso
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G (2012) Diversity of the freshwater fishes in the Biosphere Reserve Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, Mexico, and recommendations for fish conservation and management. The Southwestern Naturalist 57(3): 285–291. 10.1894/0038-4909-57.3.285
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Pulido-Flores G, Monks S (2008) Análisis poblacional de los peces del Lago Tecocomulco. En: Pulido-Flores G, Monks S, Miranda R, Galicia D (eds.) Estudios científicos en el lago de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, y zonas aledañas. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca (Hidalgo, Mexico). Ciencia al día 8, 51-55.
- Agorreta A, Domínguez-Domínguez O, Reina RG, Miranda R, Bermingham E, Doadrio I (2013) Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Pseudoxiphophorus (Teleostei: Poeciliidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 80-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.010
- Culumber ZW, Monks S, Miranda R (2013) Report of Xiphophorus hellerii in the arid Metztitlán Canyon Biosphere Reserve in Mexico. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 157-161. DOI 10.1007/s10641-013-0135-5
- Pulido-Flores G, Monks S, Miranda R, Galicia D (eds.) (2008) Estudios científicos en el lago de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, y zonas aledañas. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca (Hidalgo, Mexico). Ciencia al día 8, 110 pp.
- Bautista-Hernández CE, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G, Miranda R, Galicia D (2008) Helmintofauna de un goodeidae del Lago Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, México. V Foro de Investigadores por la Conservación y III Simposio de Áreas Naturales Protegidas del Estado de Hidalgo. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo y Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales. Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico.
- Escorcia-Ignacio R, Pulido-Flores G, Monks S, Miranda R (2008) Digéneos de Helix aspersa en tres localidades del Estado de Hidalgo, México y su caracterización de la infección. V Foro de Investigadores por la Conservación y III Simposio de Áreas Naturales Protegidas del Estado de Hidalgo. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo y Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales. Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico.
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Pulido-Flores G, Monks S (2008) Analysing fish assemblage and condition to detect ecological quality areas in the Reserve of Biosphere Barranca de Metztitlán (Hidalgo, México). XIV Congreso de la Asociación Ibérica de Limnología. Universidad de Huelva.
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Vilches A, Bautista-Hernández CE, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G, Gaspar S, Leunda PM (2008) Fish community structure in relation to environmental factors on a Biosphere Reserve of Hidalgo State (Hidalgo, Mexico). Fortieth annual meeting of the Desert Fishes Council. Cuatrociénegas, Coahulia, México.
- Bautista-Hernández CE, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G, Rosenthal G, Miranda R (2009) Helmintos de algunas poblaciones de Xiphophorus en la Huasteca Hidalguense. VIII Congreso Internacional, XIV Congreso Nacional de Ciencias Ambientales y 3er Congreso de Medio Ambiente. Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, Mexico.
- Bautísta-Hernández CE, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G, Miranda R, Galicia D (2009) Análisis poblacional de Girardinichthys viviparus (Bustamante, 1837) del Lago Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, y primer reporte de su helmintofauna. Primer Foro Estudiantil “Jóvenes en el desarrollo de la Ciencia UAEH-2009”. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, México.
- Dominguez-Dominguez O, Agorreta A, Reina R, Miranda R, Berminghan E, Doadrio I (2010) Relaciones filogenéticas del género Heterandria (Ciprinodontiformes, Poeciliidae) en Mesoamérica, implicaciones biogeográficas. Sociedad Ictiológica Mexicana. XII Congreso Nacional de Ictiología, Nayarit, México.
- Miranda R, Galicia D, Pulido-Flores G, Monks S (2008) First record of Girardinichthys viviparus, Chapultepec splitfin, in Lake Tecocomulco. Journal of Fish Biology 73, 317–322. 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01929.x
- Ariño AH (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647-652.
- Arriaga L, Aguilar V, Alcocer J (2002) Aguas continentales y diversidad biológica de México. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, México, Distrito Federal, México.
- Contreras-Balderas S, Almada-Villela P (1996) Girardinichthys viviparus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 January 2014.
- Caballero M, Lozano S, Ortega B, Urrutia J, Macias JL (1999) Environmental characteristics of Lake Tecocomulco, northern basin of Mexico, for the last 50,000 years. Journal of Paleolimnology 22(4), 399–411. 10.1023/A:1008012813412.
- Eschmeyer WN (ed) 2014. Catalog of fishes: genera, species, references. (http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 20 March 2014.
- Hubbs CL (1924) Studies of the fishes of the order Cyprinodontes. V. Notes on species of Goodea and Skiffia. Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 148, 1–8.
- Hubbs CL, Turner CL (1939) Studies of the fishes of the order Cyprinodontes. XVI. A revision of the Goodeidae. Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 42, 1–80.
- Miller RR (1974) Mexican species of the genus Heterandria, subgenus Pseudoxiphophorus (Pisces: Poeciliidae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17, 235–250.
- Miller RR, Minckley WL, Norris SM (2005) Freshwater fishes of Mexico. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
- Monks S, Zárate-Ramírez VR, Pulido-Flores G (2005) Helminths of freshwater fishes from the Metztitlán Canyon Reserve of the Biosphere, Hidalgo, Mexico. Comparative parasitology 72(2): 212–219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1654/4139.
- Navarrete-Salgado NA, Contreras-Rivero G, Elias-Fernandez G, Rojas-Bustamente ML (2004). Situación de Girardinichthys viviparus (especie amenazada) en los lagos de Chapultepec, Zumpango y Requena. Revista de Zoología 15, 1–6.
- Ortega-Maqueda, I, Pando F (2008). DARWIN_TEST (3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwincorev2 or Darwincore1.4, http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php (10/03/2014). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, España
- Pino-del-Carpio A, Villarroya A, Ariño AH, Puig J, Miranda R (2011) Communication gaps in knowledge of freshwater fish biodiversity: implications for the management and conservation of Mexican biosphere reserves. Journal of Fish Biology 79, 1563–1591.
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Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain) was established in the 1980 to curate the scientific research materials of the former Zoology and Ecology and now Environmental Biology department. Its climate-controlled storage facilities hold more than two million specimens, including several type series. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Comission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain).
|Purpose||The ‘Metztitlán Canyon’ (Barranca de Metztitlán) Biosphere Reserve, in the northern part of this state, has a high level of endemism in plants and animals because of its geomorphologic origin (Monks et al., 2005). This dataset is the primary result of the first and unrepeated exhaustive freshwater fish’s survey of this Biosphere Reserve, adding seven more species to the regional fish fauna, and new exclusive biometric data of nine species (Miranda et al., 2009; 2012). Among these species, there are five exotic species. Future Biosphere Reserve’s management plans should consider the presence of these alien species, with the aim to preserve conveniently the biodiversity (Pino-del-Carpio et al., 2011). Lake Tecocomulco is the only remaining natural water body in the basin of Gran Cuenca del Valle de México (Caballero et al., 1999). The occurrences of freshwater fishes present in this lake included in this dataset comprise the first and largest registered population of Chapultepec splitfin Girardinichthys viviparus, a threatened goodeid catalogued as critically endangered by the IUCN (Contreras-Balderas & Almada-Villela, 1996). This species show an extremely reduced range of distribution in the Mexican plateau, only known from a few locations near Distrito Federal (Mexico City), (Navarrete-Salgado et al., 2004; Sedeño-Díaz & López-López, 2009) until this dataset registration. Collection comprises 17 species (and two hybrids) of fishes belonging to eight families of the orders Atheriniformes, Ciprinodontiformes, Ostariophysi and Perciformes. Poeciliidae is the most abundant family, represented by seven species in the HidalgoFFishes dataset, being approximately 50% of the total specimens recorded. This database includes new records for the State of Hidalgo of the channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, two cichlids (Herichthys pantostictus and Amatitlania nigrofasciata), two goodeids (Goodea atripinnis and Girardinichthys viviparus) and three poecilids (Pseudoxiphophorus jonesii, Poeciliopsis gracilis and Xiphophorus helleri). Besides, an undescribed catfish of Ictalurus genus has been included on this database (Miller et al. 2005). Among recorded species, there are one species Critically Endangered (Girardinichthys viviparus) and other vulnerable (Herichthys pantostictus) according to IUCN red list. Knowledge of species occurrences is the first step to manage and conserve the biodiversity and scarce information related to the distribution, abundance and management actions of threatened species hinder the development of adequate conservation strategies (Pino-del-Carpio et al., 2011). This is particularly relevant to conservation of species with restricted distribution ranges and seriously threatened, as the Chapultepec splitfin. The existence of this population could prove to be determinant for the conservation and survival of this species (Miranda et al. 2008).|
|Maintenance Description||Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.|