This dataset provides information about 312 preserved specimens from 126 species and subspecies and 31 families of vascular plants. The specimens were collected from 2006 to 2021 in 12 permanent plots located in Napal (Navarra, northern Spain).
此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案（DwC-A），其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 312 筆紀錄。
Ibáñez R, Imas M (2022): PAMP-tracheo: Vascular plants in the research project on long-term vegetation sampling in Napal (Navarra, Spain). v1.0. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/fn44k6
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
此資源已向GBIF註冊，並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 626393a5-4d47-436d-beee-7784dfcc77b0。 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology 發佈此資源，並經由GBIF Spain同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。
Occurrence; Specimen; flora; herbarium; Napal; Navarra; northern Spain; permanent plots; vascular plants
- 元數據提供者 ●
Specimens were collected in the Nature 2000 Special Area of Conservation of Sierra de Ugarra, near the village of Napal (Navarra, northern Spain). The site studied covers an area of 5500 m2. Country: Spain. Province: Navarra. Municipality: Romanzado.
|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [42.724, -1.234], 緯度北界 經度東界 [42.734, -1.221]|
Out of a total of 312 specimens, 308 were identified to species or subspecies level. They belong to 126 species or subspecies and 31 families of vascular plants.
|Phylum||Tracheophyta (vascular plants)|
|Class||Liliopsida (monocots), Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)|
|起始日期 / 結束日期||2006-07-03 / 2021-07-03|
The vascular flora was surveyed in a long-term vegetation sampling protocol based on 12 permanent plots located in Napal (Navarra, northern Spain). An inventory was conducted based on fieldwork and taxa were identified. The complete dataset was contributed to the LOTVS (LOng-Term Vegetation Sampling) database (https://lotvs.csic.es/) .
|計畫名稱||Long-term vegetation sampling in Napal (Navarra, Spain)|
|經費來源||This research was funded by Fundación Caja Navarra (Programa “Tú Eliges, Tú Decides”, ref. 10833) and University of Navarra (projects “Biodiversity Data Analytics and Environmental Quality” and “Red de Observatorios de la Biodiversidad de Navarra (ROBIN)”).|
|研究區域描述||The area studied is located in the north of Navarra (northern Spain), 35 km east of Pamplona, in the Nature 2000 Special Area of Conservation of Sierra de Ugarra, near the village of Napal (municipality of Romanzado). Altitude is 810 m.a.s.l. Soils are developed over Eocenic marls, on 5º-15º slopes facing South. Climate is Mediterranean, characterized by dry summers and cold winters: 3ºC in the coldest month (January) to 20ºC in the warmest (August), with an annual mean of 11ºC, and mean annual precipitation is 900 mm. The site is located in the boundary between the Eurosiberian and Mediterranean biogeographic regions and vegetation is dominated by evergreen oak forest (Quercus rotundifolia). Traditional management consisted in extensive sheep grazing. Dominant species in the community are Brachypodium retusum (grass), Aphyllanthes monspeliensis (monocot) and Dorycnium pentaphyllum (dwarf small shrub). Other common species are Carex flacca (sedge), Genista scorpius and Thymus vulgaris (dwarf small shrubs).|
|研究設計描述||In 2003, an experimental area of 5500 m2 was fenced, shrubs were removed and twelve macro-plots of 15 x 5 m were located inside the area: six macro-plots were fertilized and the other six were used as control ones. Fertilization consisted in manual application of sewage sludge to the soil surface, with 375 kg per plot. A plot of 1 x 1 m was placed and permanently marked in the center of each macro-plot to accurately assess vegetation changes over time. The 1x1 m permanent plots were divided into 100 10x10 cm subplots to measure species frequency (as a measure of species abundance) by counting the number of subplots in which the species was present (presence was recorded if shoots overlapped with the sampling subplot). From 2004 to 2021, all vascular plant species were measured annually, at the end of June (Gazol et al. 2016).|
All vascular plants present in each plot were identified. Plant specimens were collected for appropriate identification and voucher.
|研究範圍||The specimens were collected in an experimental area of 5500 m2 located in the Nature 2000 Special Area of Conservation of Sierra de Ugarra, near the village of Napal (municipality of Romanzado). Samples were collected between the years 2006 and 2021, on a yearly basis.|
- Plant collection. Plant vouchers were selected and collected in the field.
- Identification to species or subspecies level. Identification was performed between 2006 and 2021 by R. Ibáñez according to Flora iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2021).
- Plant conservation. Specimens were dried and pressed for conservation using standard protocols. Vouchers were deposited in the herbarium of the University of Navarra (PAMP).
- Numbering and digitization of vouchers. From 2006 to date, each specimen was labelled, with a unique collection number, and digitized, using Elysia software (v2.0 Pando et al.).
- Species identification. Identification of herbarium specimens was done using Flora iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2021).
- Names of municipalities, localities and place names were standardized according to Toponimia Oficial de Navarra (http://toponimianavarra.tracasa.es/).
- Georeferencing. Localities were georeferenced using UTM coordinates. Datum and uncertainty were also assigned.
- Internet exportation. Data were exported from the Elysia database under a Darwin Core format (Wieczorek et al. 2012).
- Data checking and validation. Coordinates, characters and format of dates were checked for possible mistakes using Darwin test software (v3.4 Pando et al.). This software allowed validating data in the Darwin Core format.
- Metadata were documented and the dataset was published in the GBIF data portal using the Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT v2.5.2) of GBIF.es (http://ipt.gbif.es/).
|蒐藏名稱||PAMP-tracheo: Plantas vasculares del proyecto de investigación sobre seguimiento a largo plazo de la vegetación en Napal (España)|
|標本保存方法||Dried and pressed|
|管理單位||計數 312 +/- 1 sheets|
- Castroviejo S (coord.) (1986-2021): Flora iberica. Vols. 1-21. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC. Madrid. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/131558
- Gazol A, Uria-Diez J, Elustondo D, Garrigó J, Ibáñez R (2016): Fertilization triggers 11 yr of changes in community assembly in Mediterranean grassland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 27(4), 728–738. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12409
- Pando F., Lujano M., Cezón K. Darwin Test (3.4): una aplicación para la validación y chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core (consulta: 17/12/2021). GBIF.ES. Real Jardín Botánico (CSIC). Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. URI: https://www.gbif.es/software/darwin-test/
- Pando F, Lujano M, Cezón K: Elysia (2.0): una aplicación para la gestión completa de colecciones biológicas (consulta: 30/11/2021). GBIF.ES - CSIC. Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. URI: https://www.gbif.es/software/elysia/
- Wieczorek J, Bloom D, Guralnick R, Blum S, Döring M, Giovanni R, Robertson T, Vieglais D (2012): Darwin Core: An evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715
The origin of the PAMP Herbarium dates back to the arrival at the University of Navarra by Professor T.M. Losa España in 1964. One year later M.L. López Fernández began her doctoral thesis, maintaining her contributions to the herbarium uninterruptedly for several decades. Most of the material deposited in the herbarium comes from collections made by researchers from the Department of Environmental Biology (formerly Department of Botany) of the University of Navarra, as a result of theses and dissertations generally carried out in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Navarra (Spain). The herbarium store c. 100 000 sheets with dried specimens. The digitisation of the specimens is done through the Elysia v2.0 software (Pando et al.) and was partially supported by the Spanish Government (CGL2007-30978-E, CGL2009-08507-E and CGL2011-15056-E).