This dataset provides information about 688 preserved specimens from 551 species and subspecies and 90 families of vascular plants. The specimens were collected in the undergraduate thesis project of García-Zamora (1980), which assessed the vascular plants of Sierra del Mendaur (Navarra, northern Spain).
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 688 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Ibáñez R, Imas M, Báscones J C, Medrano L M, García-Zamora C (2018): PAMP-tracheo: Vascular plants in Sierra del Mendaur (Navarra, Spain). Undergraduate thesis, C. García-Zamora. v1.2. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/qdrvp3
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 11cfbde1-bb23-4937-bc98-7aa83d61efe0. University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Occurrence; Specimen; flora; herbarium; Navarra; northern Spain; Pamplona Basin; vascular plants
- Metadata Provider ●
Specimens were collected in Sierra del Mendaur (Navarra, northern Spain). The site studied covers an area of over 200 km2. Country: Spain. Province: Navarra (N Spain). Municipalities: Baztan, Beintza-Labaien, Bertizarana, Doneztebe/Santesteban, Elgorriaga, Facería 87, Ituren, Oiz, Sunbilla, Zubieta.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [43.09, -1.765], North East [43.17, -1.567]|
Out of a total of 688 specimens, 686 were identified to species or subspecies level. They belong to 551 species or subspecies and 90 families of vascular plants.
|Phylum||Tracheophyta (vascular plants)|
|Class||Equisetopsida (horsetails), Liliopsida (monocots), Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons), Pinopsida (conifers), Polypodiopsida (modern ferns)|
|Start Date / End Date||1977-05-07 / 1980-09-02|
The vascular flora of Sierra del Mendaur (northern Spain) was assessed. An inventory was conducted based on fieldwork and taxa were identified.
|Title||Undergraduate thesis project of C. García-Zamora: “Flora y vegetación del Macizo del Mendaur”|
|Funding||Digitization and georeferencing of the herbarium specimens have been supported through the project: “Informatización y adecuación a la red GBIF de colecciones de plantas vasculares depositadas en el herbario de la Universidad de Navarra-PAMP. Fase II”. Reference: CGL2011-15056-E. Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. Gobierno de España. Principal investigator: Ricardo Ibáñez.|
|Study Area Description||The area studied is located in the north of Navarra (northern Spain), in the surroundings of Sierra del Mendaur, in the south part of Cinco Villas mountain range. Altitude ranges from 100 to 1131 m.a.s.l. with characteristic steep slopes. The bedrock is mainly composed of silicic sandstones, conglomerates and schists (Palaeozoic and Triassic). Climate is oceanic, characterized by moderately warm summers and mild winters, and the long-term annual precipitation is over 1700 mm.|
The personnel involved in the project:
- Principal Investigator
- Principal Investigator
- Principal Investigator
- Principal Investigator
Samples were collected between the years 1977 and 1980, but most of the specimens were collected in the last two years.
|Study Extent||The specimens were collected in Sierra del Mendaur (Navarra, northern Spain).|
Method step description:
- Plant collection. Plant vouchers were selected and collected in the field.
- Identification to species or subspecies level. Identification was performed between 1977 and 1980 by C. García-Zamora, L.M. Medrano and J.C. Báscones using Flora europaea (Tutin et al. 1964-1980).
- Plant conservation. Specimens were dried and pressed for conservation using standard protocols. Vouchers were deposited in the herbarium of the University of Navarra.
- Numbering and digitization of vouchers. From 2012 to date, each specimen was labelled, with a unique collection number, and digitized, using HERBAR software (v3.7.1 Pando et al. 1994-2010).
- Revision of species identification. Original identification of some herbarium specimens was revised using Flora iberica (Castroviejo 1986-2015). Between September 2013 and January 2018, the identification of 11 specimens was corrected, and was refined in 21 , either by providing the specific or the subspecific epithet.
- Names of municipalities, localities and place names were standardized according to Toponimia Oficial de Navarra (http://toponimianavarra.tracasa.es/).
- Georeferencing. Localities were georeferenced using geographic or UTM or coordinates. Datum and uncertainty were also assigned.
- Internet exportation. Data were exported from the HERBAR database under a Darwin Core format (Wieczorek et al. 2012).
- Data checking and validation. Coordinates, characters and format of dates were checked for possible mistakes using Darwin test software (v3.3, Ortega-Maqueda & Pando 2008). This software allowed validating data in the Darwin Core format.
- Metadata were documented and the dataset was published in the GBIF data portal using the Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT v2.3.5) of GBIF.es (http://ipt.gbif.es/).
|Collection Name||Herbario PAMP: colección MENDAUR_GZamora|
|Specimen preservation methods||Dried and pressed|
|Curatorial Units||Count 688 +/- 1 sheets|
- García-Zamora C (1980): Flora y vegetación del Macizo del Mendaur. Tesis de Licenciatura. Universidad de Navarra.
- García-Zamora C, Báscones-Carretero JC, Medrano-Moreno LM (1985): Flora vascular de la Sierra del Mendaur. Pub. Biol. Univ. Navarra, S. Bot. 4: 3-57.
- Ortega-Maqueda I, Pando F (2008): DARWIN TEST (3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 o Darwin Core Archive. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, España. http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php
- Pando F et al. (1994–2010): HERBAR (3.7): Una aplicación de bases de datos para gestión de herbarios. Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, España. http://www.gbif.es/herbar/herbar.php
- Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM,Valentine DH, Walters SM & Webb DA (eds.) (1964-1980): Flora Europaea, Vols. 1-5, Cambridge UniversityPress, Cambridge.
- Wieczorek J, Bloom D, Guralnick R, Blum S, Döring M, Giovanni R, Robertson T, Vieglais D (2012): Darwin Core: An evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715
The origin of the PAMP Herbarium dates back to the arrival at the University of Navarra by Professor T.M. Losa España in 1964. One year later M.L. López Fernández began her doctoral thesis, maintaining her contributions to the herbarium uninterruptedly for several decades. Most of the material deposited in the herbarium comes from collections made by researchers from the Department of Environmental Biology (formerly Department of Botany) of the University of Navarra, as a result of theses and dissertations generally carried out in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Navarra (Spain). The herbarium store c. 100 000 sheets with dried specimens. The digitisation of the specimens has been done through the HERBAR v3.7.1 software (Pando et al., 1994-2010) and was supported by the Spanish Government (CGL2007-30978-E, CGL2009-08507-E and CGL2011-15056-E).