This collection is part of a project carried on Pamplona’s urban area (Navarra, Spain) about the mammals’ community. The study resulted in a book “Mamíferos de Pamplona” (Escala et al, 2012). The collection stored in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA) contains the specimens and records of most of the information about small mammals community which can be found in this book. The collection is mainly formed by specimens of small mammals found in barn owl pellets but there are also records from captured-released specimens sampled in different habitats of Pamplona. The material from pellets consists on skulls, mandibles and few skeletons and it is stored in the facilities of the MZNA. Most of the trapped animals were released in field. The data set is available in GBIF.
此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案（DwC-A），其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 342 筆紀錄。
亦存在 1 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。
MZNA (2016): Mammals in MZNA-VERT: project Biodiversity of mammals in Pamplona. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_vert_mast_dvpa&v=1.0
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
此資源已向GBIF註冊，並指定以下之GBIF UUID: c5e5ebd4-6771-4abb-8d1d-b09be1b911e0。 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology 發佈此資源，並經由GBIF Spain同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。
Occurrence; Small mammals; Pamplona; owl pellets; live traps; specimens; MZNA; Observation
This collection covers the mammal’s community found in Pamplona (Navarra, Spain) and its surroundings.
|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [42.76, -1.73], 緯度北界 經度東界 [42.87, -1.56]|
All specimens found in pellets were identified to genus or species level using skull’s external morphology, teeth features and looking up suitable literature (Gosálbez 1987). Mandibles found separated from skull were generally identified to family level and stored as well in the collection. Animals trapped in filed were identified to genus or species level attending to external morphology. The collection is composed of 15 species of rodents and soricomorphs. The most abundant species are Apodemus sylvaticus (147 records), Crocidura russula (116 records) and Microtus agrestis (88 records).
|Family||Cricetidae, Muridae, Soricidae|
|Genus||Apodemus, Arvicola, Crocidura, Microtus, Mus, Myodes, Rattus, Sorex, Suncus, Talpa|
|Species||Apodemus sp, Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked field mouse), Apodemus sylvaticus (Long-tailed field mouse), Arvicola sapidus (Southwestern water vole), Crocidura russula (Greater white-toothed shrew), Microtus agrestis (Field vole), Microtus duodecimcostatus (Mediterranean pine vole), Microtus gerbei (Pyreenean pine vole), Mus domesticus (House mouse), Mus spretus (Western mediterranean mouse), Myodes glareolus (Bank vole), Rattus norvegicus (Brown rat), Rattus rattus (Black rat), Sorex coronatus (Millet's shrew), Sorex minutus (Eurasian pygmy shrew), Suncus etruscus (Etruscan shrew), Talpa europaea (European mole)|
|計畫名稱||Trabajo de campo para el studio sobre las especies potenciales en la zona de Pamplona de especies de pequeños mamíferos|
|經費來源||Gobierno de Navarra. Budget: 4,406.78€|
|研究區域描述||Pamplona is a city located in the middle of Navarra (north Spain). Although it is populated, it still conserves areas of seminatural conditions where there is space for several species of mammals. Arga River passes through this city and its riverbank offers refugee for the fauna and act as a natural corridor used by it. There are also few parks were wild mammals can be also found.|
|研究設計描述||The project was carried out in 2011. Pellets were sampled between August and October and the majority of the trapping events took place in June. Two localities situated in the north and south of Pamplona were chosen for sampling pellets. Four types of habitats were chosen for the live trapping sampling. Each sampling event consisted on two nights and the total sampling effort was 80 traps in all the study.|
Barn owl pellets were found in Azoz and Zolina. Typical sites like churches and barns were checked for barn owl pellets in these villages. When found, they were transported to laboratory for posterior identification of their remains. Live trapping campaigns were conducted in four localities from June to September (2011). Sherman traps (7,5x9x23 cm) were baited with bread and oil and placed along a transect. Each sampling event consisted on two nights and the total sampling effort made was 80 traps per night. Specimens were sexed and identified in field before their release. Specimens found dead were transported to the laboratory.
|研究範圍||Pamplona is a city located in the middle of Navarra (north Spain) with a population around 200.000 inhabitants. It has several parks among its area which constitute refugee for wild fauna especially for birds and small mammals. Moreover, it is crossed by Arga river which plays a key role as a natural corridor for fauna. Six localities were chosen for the sampling the small mammals’ community of the area of Pamplona. Azoz and Zolina are two small villages near Pamplona that were checked for pellets. Azoz is situated in the north near Mountain Ezcaba while Zolina is to the south of the city. Likewise as Pamplona they are surrounded by crop fields although they are near elevated areas covered by pines and oaks. Trapping took place in four different biotopes that can be found in Pamplona and its surroundings: riparian forest of Arga River, pine repopulation, Mediterranean scrubland and crop field.|
|品質控管||All specimens found in pellets and those found dead as a result of live trapping samplings are deposited in the Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain). Identification of most of specimens was verified by Carmen Escala and David Galicia. Scientific names were validated according to Mammal Species of the World (Wilson and Reeder 2005, Palomo et al. 2007). Once identified, data of each specimen was incorporated to MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991). Unique catalogue numbers were assigned to each specimen. Coordinates in UTM/MGRS were transformed to geographic system. The consistency of all records was checked by visual inspection overlapping coordinates with a map from Navarra using GIS (Chapman 2005) and their uncertainty was calculated in metres using the point-radius method.|
- Barn owl pellets were frozen at -20ºC for removing bugs. After that, pellets were dissected and skulls, mandibles and other bones were separated for taxonomic identification. Specimens were identified using a stereoscopic microscope and appropriate literature (Gosálbez 1987). Finally, specimens were placed in plastic bags with their unique catalogue number and stored in the museum facilities. Specimens found dead were transported to laboratory where the skin and skull were prepared. First, skin was removed, cleaned with soap and dried using sodium borate. Then, head and limbs were boiled and flesh was removed from bones. Once dried, skull, mandibles and other bones were placed in zip plastic bags with their unique catalogue number. From some specimens following measures were taken: body length, tail length, left ear length, right ear length, left hind foot length, right hind foot length, left fore foot length and right fore foot length. Information about specimens and occurrence was incorporated to MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991).
|蒐藏名稱||Proyecto Biodiversidad de mamíferos en Pamplona|
|管理單位||計數 279 +/- 1 zip plastic bags , 在...之間 63 和 1 occurrence|
- Ariño AH (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647–652.
- Chapman, A. D. (2005). Principles and methods of data cleaning (p. 72). Copenhagen. 84-85256-68-9
- Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed). Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors).Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp 978-3-89104-024-9
- Palomo, L. J., Gisbert, J., & Blanco, J. C. (2007). Atlas y libro rojo de los mamíferos terrestres de España (p. 588). Madrid: Dirección General para la Biodiversidad-SECEM-SECEMU.
The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.
|目的||The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of small mammals obtained under the project “Mamíferos de Pamplona”.|
|維護說明||Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.|