Fishes in MZNA-VERT: cyprinid and salmonid communities in the rivers Erro and Urederra (Spain). PhD project, Cristina García-Fresca

Latest version published by University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology on Nov 30, 2018 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

The presence, condition and structure of fish communities are an essential part in fluvial ecosystems because they affect invertebrate communities, plants and other vertebrates. The knowledge of the factors affecting fish populations is necessary for the good management of the rivers. In this study, cyprinid and salmonid species are studied on the Urederra and the Erro rivers to determine their health and conservation status (García-Fresca, 2003).

The study of the populations of each species provided data about their size distribution, age, absolute and relative fecundity, gonadosomatic index and habitat. The estimation of the abundances, densities and distributions of fish depended on the date of the sampling, the characteristics of the sampled portion and behavior of the species.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 27,033 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (core)
    27033
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    27008

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 27,033 records in English (502 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (23 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (17 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

MZNA (2016): Fishes in MZNA-VERT: cyprinid and salmonid communities in the rivers Erro and Urederra (Spain). PhD project, Cristina García-Fresca. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=mzna_ichty-preu&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 4edae129-fbdd-412b-8296-7bdb361d61f4.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Occurrence; Cyprinidae; Salmonidae; Urederra river; Erro river; Observation

Contacts

Who created the resource:

MZNA Museum of Zoology
Institution
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES +34 948 425 600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Professor
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES

Who filled in the metadata:

Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES +34 948 425 600
David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES +34948425600

Who else was associated with the resource:

Metadata Provider
Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Principal Investigator
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Professor
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Custodian Steward
Arturo Ariño Plana
Head of the Museum
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curator
Ángel Chaves Illana
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curator
Ana Amézcua Martínez
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Curator
María Imas Lecumberri
Technician
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Principal Investigator
Cristina García-Fresca
Researcher
University of Navarra C/ Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES
Principal Investigator
Francisco Campos Sánchez-Bordona
Researcher
University of Navarra C/Irunlarrea 1 31008 Pamplona Navarra ES

Geographic Coverage

All specimens were collected in the Erro and Urederra Rivers, in the north of Spain. Both rivers are tributary of Arga river and, later, of Ebro river that flows into the Mediterranean sea.

Bounding Coordinates South West [42.71, -2.28], North East [42.97, -1.3]

Taxonomic Coverage

All specimens were identified to the species level using the Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe (Maitland P. S. & Linsell K., 1977). Ten species were recorded, five belonging to the Cyprinidae family: Barbus haasi, Gobio lozanoi, Luciobarbus graellsii, Parachondrostoma miegii and Phoxinus bigerri. The rest of the collected species belong to the families Salmonidae (Salmo trutta and Oncorhynchus mykiss, this one is an invasive species), Nemacheilidae (Barbatula quignardi) and Cobitidae (Cobitis calderoni). One specimen of the critically endangered Anguilla anguilla (Anguillidae) was found. In number of individuals, the most abundant family is Cyprinidae, with the 65% of the captures. Moreover, six species recorded in this dataset are endemic from the Iberian Peninsula.

Species  Anguilla anguilla (Eel),  Cobitis calderoni (Northern Iberian spined-loach),  Barbus haasi (Iberian redfin barbel),  Gobio lozanoi (Pyrenean gudgeon),  Luciobarbus graellsii (Ebro barbel),  Parachondrostoma miegii (Ebro nase),  Phoxinus bigerri (Pyrenean minnow),  Barbatula quignardi (Pyrenean stone loach),  Oncorhynchus mykiss (Rainbow trout),  Salmo trutta (Brown trout)

Temporal Coverage

Living Time Period 1994-1995, 1997

Project Data

The ecology of fish communities is a fundamental part of freshwater ecosystems. This project aims to determine the biology and ecology of cyprinids and salmonids in two rivers of the north of Spain and the way human activities could affect it.

Title Datos sobre la biología de ciprínidos y salmónidos en los ríos Erro y Urederra (Navarra). Relación con el medio y análisis metodológico.
Funding The collection of this data has been supported through the projects: - “Estudio de los factores que influyen en las poblaciones piscícolas del río Urederra”. Hired by Federación Navarra de Pesca y el Instituto Científico y Tecnológico de Navarra S.A. (1994). Director: Francisco Campos Sánchez-Bordona - "Estudio de la fauna piscícola en los ríos Erro, Larraun y Urederra (Navarra)". Fundación Universidad de Navarra.
Study Area Description The Erro River is a Pyrenean, 48.5 km long tributary of the Irati River (Ebro basin, Northern Spain). It drains an area of approximately 214 km2. The Uredera is a 20 km long river born in the Urbasa mountain range. Its basin is approximately 319 km2. These are mountain rivers with a high flows and oxigenated waters.
Design Description NA

The personnel involved in the project:

Author
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Principal Investigator
Cristina García-Fresca
Principal Investigator
Francisco Campos Sánchez-Bordona
Author
Javier Oscoz Escudero
Principal Investigator
Carmen Escala Urdapilleta

Sampling Methods

The main sampling method was electric fishing, using a back-pack electrofishing unit. The method used was three-run depletion between two stop-nets. The captured individuals were sedated with 2-phenoxyethanol, identified, counted and measured (total length in mm). Then, fishes were returned to the river. Some specimens were euthanized, studied on the laboratory and deposited on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain).

Study Extent The specimens were captured in five localities dispersed through the Erro River (Sorogain, Villaveta, Larraingoa, Urricelqui and Lizoain) and eight localities of the Urederra River (Artavia, Baquedano, Estella, Eulz, Galdeano, Itxako, Artaza and Zudaire) in the years 1994, 1995 and 1997.
Quality Control Species identification was performed by R. Miranda and C. García-Fresca using suitable literature (Maitland & Linsell 1977) and scientific names were validated using the W. N. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer 2014). Specimens were returned to the river or deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. Each specimen was labelled with a unique collection number. Darwin test software (v3.3 Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) was used to check out possible mistakes in the coordinates, characters and the format of dates.

Method step description:

  1. Specimens were sampled following the procedure described in the Sampling description section. The individuals were identified, measured and released in the majority of cases. In some cases the specimens were euthanized and deposited on the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra in labelled jars, preserved first with formalin and, more recently, with 70% ethyl alcohol. Field data was revised, digitalised and incorporated to the MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991). The dataset was exported to DarwinCore v1.4 format and revised to correct errors to adequate it to DarwinCore standars. Metadata information was added and the Darwin Core Archive was incorporated to the Spanish GBIF IPT.

Collection Data

Collection Name Tesis de Cristina García-Fresca
Parent Collection Identifier http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol
Curatorial Units Count 26,695 +/- 1 Observation ,  Count 338 +/- 1 Jar

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Maitland P. S. & Linsell K. (1977). Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe. Philips, Seattle.
  2. Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (eds). CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp).
  3. Ortega-Maqueda, I. & Pando, F. (2008). DARWIN_TEST (V3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4, http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php (08/11/2014). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, España.
  4. Ariño A.H. (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647-652.
  5. García-Fresca (2003). Datos sobrela biología de ciprínidos y salmónidos en los ríos Erro y Urederra (Navarra). Relación con el medio y análisis metodológico. Departamento de Zoología y Ecología, Universidad de Navarra. PhD thesis.

Additional Metadata

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.

Purpose The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of freshwater fishes related with the project thesis of Dr. García-Fresca. In this study, populations of cyprinid and salmonid species were studied on the Urederra and the Erro rivers (Navarra, north of Spain) to determine their health and conservation status as well as several aspects of their biology.
Maintenance Description Dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the preserved material could imply modification of some metadata related with curatorial units. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.
Alternative Identifiers doi:10.15470/bzoh5u
4edae129-fbdd-412b-8296-7bdb361d61f4
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=mzna_ichty-preu