Données d'échantillonnage

Freshwater samples in MZNA-INV-FRW: Macroinvertebrate samples from the water quality monitoring network along the Ebro Basin

Dernière version Publié par University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology le 10 décembre 2021 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

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Description

This dataset gathers information about the macroinvertebrate samples collected on rivers and streams of the Ebro River Basin (NE Iberian Peninsula), the second largest catchment in the Iberian Peninsula. The aim was to use freshwater macroinvertebrates to calculate the biological indices required to evaluate the ecological status of the open water bodies within this basin. This dataset is a part of a monitoring network set up by the Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro (hereinafter CHE). This network was established to fulfill the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive (hereinafter WFD).

The collection is composed of 1776 sampling events carried out between 2005 and 2015 at more than 400 sampling sites. Environmental variables at each sampling site were also recorded to characterise the habitat, and can be found in the MeasurementOrFacts extension (eMoF) uploaded along with the sampling event dataset. All measurements were obtained from the CHE portal (CHE, 2017).

The Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (hereinafter MZNA) curates the material obtained during these samplings. Samples were qualitatively screened for all occurring taxa, and all individuals from all taxa in a quantitative subsample of each sample were counted. Biological indices were calculated to estimate water quality at each sampling site. An occurrence extension is also available gathering the abundance of each taxon within the dataset.

Enregistrements de données

Les données de cette ressource données d'échantillonnage ont été publiées sous forme d'une Archive Darwin Core (Darwin Core Archive ou DwC-A), le format standard pour partager des données de biodiversité en tant qu'ensemble d'un ou plusieurs tableurs de données. Le tableur de données du cœur de standard (core) contient 1 776 enregistrements.

2 tableurs de données d'extension existent également. Un enregistrement d'extension fournit des informations supplémentaires sur un enregistrement du cœur de standard (core). Le nombre d'enregistrements dans chaque tableur de données d'extension est illustré ci-dessous.

Event (noyau)
1776
Occurrence 
266400
MeasurementOrFacts 
13020

Cet IPT archive les données et sert donc de dépôt de données. Les données et métadonnées de la ressource sont disponibles pour téléchargement dans la section téléchargements. Le tableau des versions liste les autres versions de chaque ressource rendues disponibles de façon publique et permet de tracer les modifications apportées à la ressource au fil du temps.

Versions

Le tableau ci-dessous n'affiche que les versions publiées de la ressource accessibles publiquement.

Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

MZNA (2017): Freshwater samples in MZNA-INV-FRW: Macroinvertebrates samples from the water quality monitoring network from the Ebro Basin. v1.2. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://doi.org/10.15470/gkiznu

Droits

Les chercheurs doivent respecter la déclaration de droits suivante:

L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. Ce travail est sous licence Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : dfddad59-5bc5-4e35-8b35-334eed43bba9.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du GBIF Spain.

Mots-clé

Samplingevent; Freshwater macroinvertebrates; Ebro River Basin; Biotic indices; Iberian Peninsula; Water quality; Water Framework Directive; Samplingevent

Contacts

MZNA Museum of Zoology
  • Conservateur
Institution
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Ana Amezcua
  • Conservateur
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Javier Oscoz
  • Créateur
  • Personne De Contact
Researcher
University of Navarra
Navarra
ES
Rafael Miranda
  • Personne De Contact
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
David Galicia
  • Personne De Contact
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Ángel Chaves
  • Conservateur
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Nora Escribano
  • Fournisseur Des Métadonnées
PhD student
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Arturo H Ariño
  • Curateur Des Données
  • Personne De Contact
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Patricia Navarro
  • Auteur
Project management
Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro
Control del Estado de las Masas de Agua Superficiales
  • Fournisseur Des Métadonnées
  • Créateur
Institution
Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro
ES
MZNA Museum of Zoology, University of Navarra
  • Créateur
Institution
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600
Concha Durán
  • Auteur
Project management
Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro
ES
María Imas
  • Conservateur
Technician
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea, 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
948425600

Couverture géographique

The spatial coverage of this dataset comprises the Ebro River Basin.

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [40,363, -4], Nord Est [43,3, 2,769]

Couverture taxonomique

150 taxa were recorded in the Ebro River Basin belonging to 141 families, 31, orders, 14 classes and 9 phyla.

Phylum Annelida, Arthropoda, Bryozoa, Cnidaria, Mollusca, Nematoda, Nematomorpha, Platyhelminthes, Porifera
Class Arachnida, Bivalvia, Branchiopoda, Clitellata, Demospongiae, Gastropoda, Gordioida, Hydrozoa, Insecta, Malacostraca, Maxillopoda, Ostracoda, Rhabditophora
Order Amphipoda, Anthoathecatae, Arhynchobdellida, Branchiobdellida, Coleoptera, Collembola, Cycloneritimorpha, Decapoda, Diplostraca, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Gordioidea, Hemiptera, Hygrophila, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Megaloptera, Isopoda, Littorinimorpha, Neuroptera, Odonata, Plecoptera, Trichoptera, Rhynchobdellida, Trombidiformes, Unionoida, Veneroida, Seriata, Spongillidae, Stylommatophora
Family Aeschnidae, Ichneumonidae, Ancylidae, Anthomyiidae, Aphelocheiridae, Asellidae, Astacidae, Athericidae, Atydae, Baetidae, Beraeidae, Bithyniidae, Blephariceridae, Brachycentridae, Branchiobdellidae, Caenidae, Calamoceratidae, Calopterygidae, Cambaridae, Capniidae, Ceratopogonidae, Chaoboridae, Chironomidae, Chloroperlidae, Chrysomelidae, Clambidae, Coenagrionidae, Corbiculidae, Cordulegrastridae, Corduliidae, Corixidae, Corophidae, Culicidae, Curculionidae, Dendrocoelidae, Dixidae, Dolichopodidae, Dreissenidae, Dryopidae, Dugesiidae, Dytiscidae, Ecnomidae, Elmidae, Empididae, Ephemerellidae, Ephemeridae, Ephydridae, Erpobdellidae, Gammaridae, Gerridae, Glossiphoniidae, Glossosomatidae, Goeridae, Gomphidae, Gordiidae, Gyrinidae, Haemopidae, Haliplidae, Hebridae, Helophoridae, Heptageniidae, Hirudinidae, Hydraenidae, Hydridae, Hydrobiidae, Hydrochidae, Hydrometridae, Hydrophilidae, Hydropsychidae, Hydroptilidae, Hygrobiidae, Lepidostomatidae, Leptoceridae, Leptophlebiidae, Lestidae, Leuctridae, Libellulidae, Limnephilidae, Limoniidae, Lymnaeidae, Mesoveliidae, Molannidae, Muscidae, Naucoridae, Nemouridae, Nepidae, Neritidae, Niphargidae, Noteridae, Notonectidae, Odontoceridae, Oligoneuriidae, Osmylidae, Palaemonidae, Pediciidae, Perlidae, Perlodidae, Philopotamidae, Phrygaenidae, Physidae, Piscicolidae, Planariidae, Planorbidae, Platycnemididae, Pleidae, Poduridae, Polycentropodidae, Polymitarcidae, Potamanthidae, Prosopistomatidae, Psephenidae, Psychodidae, Psychomyiidae, Ptychopteridae, Rhagionidae, Rhyacophilidae, Sciomyzidae, Scirtidae, Sericostomatidae, Sialidae, Simuliidae, Siphlonuridae, Sisyridae, Sphaeriidae, Spongillidae, Stratiomyidae, Succineidae, Syrphidae, Tabanidae, Taeniopterygidae, Thaumaleidae, Thiaridae, Unionidae, Tipulidae, Unionidae, Valvatidae, Veliidae, Viviparidae, Arrenuridae, Pyralidae, Thremmatidae
Genus Ancylus, Corbicula, Dreissena, Ferrissia, Hydra, Pacifastacus, Podura, Procambarus, Hydracarina

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 2005-07-04 / 2015-09-23

Données sur le projet

This project aimed to assess the ecological status of the surface water bodies of Ebro River Basin using biotic and hidromorphological indices. The CHE was the organism in charge of implementing this monitoring network following the indications given by the Water Frame Directive (European Parliament & European Council, 2000). The “Control del Estado de las Masas de Agua Superficiales” (hereinafter CEMAS) was the monitoring network established to evaluate the water quality using biological indices. This project mainly consisted of seasonal samplings in each year from 2005 onwards to study physical-chemical and biological parameters of the open water bodies. Aquatic macroinvertebrates were sampled to calculate the biotic indices. This dataset is the corrected output of this monitoring network. At the time of writingthe monitoring network is operational and the samplings are ongoing.

Titre Explotación de la red de Control Ecológico de Ríos en la Cuenca del Ebro en aplicación de la Directiva Marco del Agua [Assesment of ecological status of rivers in the Ebro Basin under the Water Framework Directive]
Financement Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Gobierno de España.
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche The Ebro River Basin is situated in the Northeast of Spain (Western Europe) and drains an area of 85.362 km2. It extends from the western Pyrenees to the south of the Iberian Mountains and the Catalonian coast, discharging into the Mediterranean Sea near Tortosa at the Ebro Delta. Its main 702 tributaries run for an accumulate 12000 km. The prevailing climate of the basin is Mediterranean with 620 mm precipitation per year. A total of 906 000 ha is dedicated to irrigated crops (CHE, 2017).
Description du design This monitoring network was designed according to the criteria set up by the WFD. Before the implementation of the WFD, the CHE had already been conducting macroinvertebratesamplings to evaluate the water quality. Nevertheless, in 2005 the CHE changed the previous monitoring network design to adapt it to the new guidelines of the WFD (Jáimez-Cuéllar et al., 2006; CHE, 2017) in such a way that the data obtained could be comparable to other monitoring networks. For detailed information of the monitoring network consult the annual reports (CHE, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Patricia Navarro
  • Chercheur Principal
Pedro Tomás
  • Créateur
Concha Durán
  • Chercheur Principal

Méthodes d'échantillonnage

1. Fieldwork At each sampling site, five types of habitats were selected: hard substrates, plant debris, bank bordered by vegetation, submerged macrophytes (if present), sand and other fine sediments. Once identified the microhabitats and the area occupied by each one, the sampling units (kicks) were distributed proportionally to the area of each habitat in the section. As a general rule, twenty sampling units were used. Macroinvertebrates were collected using a hand-net (25 cm x 25 cm aperture, 500-µm-mesh size). In each sampling unit (kick), the substrate was removed 0.5 m in front of the mouth of the net. The final sampled area resulting from the twenty sampling units was approximately 2.5 m2. Samples were fixed in 4% buffered formaldehyde, stored in plastic sealed jars, labeled and brought to the laboratory. Simultaneously, electrical conductivity (precision 1 µS/cm), dissolved oxygen (precision 0.01 mg/L), temperature (precision 0.1°C) and pH were measured using a multi-parameter water quality monitoring system (WTW Multi 340i) at each sampling. Each instrument was calibrated daily during the sampling period. 2. Laboratory work Samples were transported to the laboratory for analysis. The samples were sieved through 5 mm, 1 mm and 0,5 mm mesh sieves. Then, the material was washed with abundant running water, separating the organisms from the remaining debris, gravel, and sand. Finally, the sample was divided into the respective fractions of the sieves: •5mm fraction: all organisms were identified to the taxon level required by the IBMWP index and counted. •1 mm and 0.5 mm fractions: organisms were identified to the taxon level required for the IBMWP index. Samples were divided into subsamples (eg., one-quarter size) and organisms from one subsample were counted.Total abundance of each taxon was estimated from the subsample counts. The remaining sample (eg., the uncounted three-quarters of the sample) was examined for families not caught in the subsample, but organisms were not counted. For further details, see Wrona, Culp & Davies, 1982. •Finally, all the material was stored in plastic jars with 70°ethlyl alcohol, labeled and stored at the MZNA facilities. After processing the samples, the IBMWP and IASPT scores were calculated (Alba-Tercedor, J., P. Jaimez-Cuellar et al., 2002). More details of the sampling protocol can be found in “Protocolo De Muestreo Y Laboratorio De Fauna Bentónica De Invertebrados En Ríos Vadeables” (MAGRAMA, 2013). The environmental variables, the biological indices, and the occurrences can be found in the MeasurementsOrFacts and Occurrence extensions respectively, uploaded together with the Sampling Event dataset.

Etendue de l'étude The Ebro River Basin is situated in the Northeast of the Spain (Western Europe) and drains an area of 85.362 km2. It is the second largest catchment in the Iberian Peninsula and has 702 tributaries and 110 lakes. from the western Pyrenees to the south of the Iberian Mountains, discharging into the Mediterranean Sea. The prevailing climate of the basin is Mediterranean with an average yearly precipitation of 620 mm. The basin hosts a large number of ecosystems from the head of the Ebro River to its mouth. Eurosiberian communities (beech, grasslands) dominate the highest part of the river whereas Mediterranean ones take over in the middle region until the mouth. The water uses of the basin are principally urban water supply, livestock, farming, and industry. However, the highest water consumption comes from agriculture (4,574 hm3/year) dedicated to 906,000 ha of irrigated crops. Samplings were carried out annually from late spring to early autumn when macroinvertebrate communities reach their highest diversity, although samplings could be postponed to summer in the case of unfavorable environmental conditions such as high rainfall in elevated areas (e.g., the Pyrenees). Likewise, in the event of floods, samplings were conducted 15 days after the incident.Temporary streams were sampled when the conditions were optimal, that is, in the presence of running water. A total of 473 sampling sites belonging to the CEMAS network were sampled from 2005 to 2015. Each sampling site covered a selected 100-m segment of the river having the essential habitats of that river’s stretch. Therefore, all the data obtained was assumed to be representative of that stretch of the river, and all variety of habitats were sampled. The following features were taken into account for selecting a segment: •The presence of rapid-slow running water. •Fluvial Morphology. For example, natural courses were chosen over channeled water. •Vegetation cover. Shady areas were avoided if they were not characteristic of the stretch. •Areas near bridges and weirs were avoided unless they were representative of the stretch. •Accessibility. Sampling sites were accessible and crossable.
Contrôle qualité Specimen identification was carried by Javier Oscoz using suitable literature (Tachet et al., 2000; Oscoz, Galicia & Miranda, 2011). Scientific names were validated according to the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy (GBIF, 2017). All samples were fully analyzed for the entire range of potential taxa. Taxon absences recorded in the dataset are thus true absences as regards to the taxa listed in the IBMWP indices. The MZNA stores samples from 2005 to 2015 derived from the monitoring network. Field data was digitalized and incorporated into the MZNA database (Ariño, 1991). Unique accession numbers were assigned to each sample. The dataset was standardized to the Darwin Core standards. Guidelines by Chapman (2005) were followed to check for taxonomical, geographical and temporal errors in the dataset. Coordinates in UTM/MGRS were transformed to the geographic system. The consistency of all records was inspected by overlapping sampling site coordinates with a map of the Ebro Basin (CHE, 2017). The entire process of debugging the dataset was done with R version 3.3.2 (R Core Team, 2016). Packages used included rgdal (Pebesma, Sumner & Hijmans, 2013), sp (Pebesma & Bivand, 2005) for geographic data and reshape2 (Wickham, 2007) for handling with the dataset.

Description des étapes de la méthode:

  1. Selection of sampling sites. The list of sampling sites for each year was given by the CHE.
  2. Microhabitat selection at each sampling site.
  3. Measurement of environmental variables including electrical conductivity, water temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen.
  4. Macroinvertebrate sampling by sweeping in the five microhabitats, proportionally to the microhabitat cover. Samples fixed with 4% buffered formaldehyde.
  5. Sampling processing in the laboratory: identification of taxon, count of the number of individuals per taxon and calculation of biotic indices including IBMWP and IASP.
  6. Sample storage in the MZNA facilities.
  7. Digitalization of the data in the MZNA database.
  8. Standardisation of the dataset to Darwin Core standards and publication through the Integrated Publishing Toolkit.

Données de collection

Nom de la collection Invertebrados de agua dulce del Museo de Zoología de la Universidad de Navarra
Identifiant de la collection parente http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10208
Méthode de conservation des spécimens Alcohol
Unités de conservation Compteur 1 776 incertitude (+/-) 1 Sealed plastic jars with 70° ethyl alcohol

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Alba-Tercedor, J., P. Jaimez-Cuellar P., Lvarez M a., Avile´s J., Bonada N., Casas J., Mellado a., Ortega M., Pardo I., Prat N., Rieradevall M., Robles S., Sainz-Cantero CE., Sanchez-Ortega a., Suarez ML., Toro M., Vidal-Abarca MR., Vivas S., Zamora-Munoz C. 2002. Caracterizacion del estado ecologico de rıos mediterraneos ibericos mediante el ındice IBMWP (antes BMWP’). Limnetica 21:175–185.
  2. Ariño AH. 1991. Bibliography of Iberian polychaetes: A data base. Ophelia Suppl. 5:647–652.
  3. Chapman AD. 2005. Principles and methods of data cleaning. Copenhagen.
  4. CHE. 2005. Control del estado de las masas de agua superficiales - Informe de situación Año 2005. Technical report.
  5. CHE. 2006. Red De Control Biológico En Ríos Informe Final Ríos Año 2006. Technical report.
  6. CHE. 2007. Red de Control Biológico en Ríos Informe Final Ríos Año 2007. Technical report.
  7. CHE. 2008. Red de Control Biológico en Ríos Informe Final Ríos Año 2008. Technical report.
  8. CHE. 2009. Red de Control Biológico en Ríos Informe Final Ríos 2009. Technical report.
  9. CHE. 2010. Red de Control Biológico en Ríos Informe Final Ríos Año 2010. Technical report.
  10. CHE. 2011. Red de Control Biológico en Ríos Informe Final Ríos Año 2011. Technical report.
  11. CHE. 2012. Explotación de la red de control operativo y de referencia de ríos en la cuenca del ebro en aplicación de la directiva marco del agua. Technical report.
  12. CHE. 2013. Explotación de la red de control ecológico de ríos en la cuenca del ebro en aplicación de la directiva marco del agua. Technical report.
  13. CHE. 2014. Explotación de la red de control ecológico de ríos de la cuencua del Ebro en aplicación de la Directiva Marco del Agua. Technical report.
  14. CHE. 2015. Explotación de la red de control ecológico de ríos de la cuencua del Ebro en aplicación de la Directiva Marco del Agua. Technical report.
  15. CHE. 2017.Información Básica de la Cuenca del Ebro. Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro (CHE): Datis climatológicos. Available at http://www.chebro.es (accessed June 24, 2017).
  16. European Parliament & European Council. 2000. Directive 2000/60/EC.
  17. GBIF Secretariat. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist Dataset. doi:10.15468/39omei. Accessed via http://www.gbif.org/species/5284517 on 23th October 2017
  18. Jáimez-Cuéllar P., Luzón-Ortega J., Palomino-Morales JA., Alba-Tercedor J. 2006. Evaluación Del Estado Ecológico De Los Cursos De Agua . Implicaciones Sobre La Obtención De Datos ( Abundancia ) Según La Directiva Marco Del Agua . :1–59.
  19. MAGRAMA. 2013. Protocolo De Muestreo Y Laboratorio De Fauna Bentónica De Invertebrados En Ríos Vadeables. (ML-Rv-I-2013). :23.
  20. Oscoz J., Galicia D., Miranda R. 2011. Identification Guide of Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Spain. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1554-7.
  21. Pebesma EJ., Bivand R. 2005. Classes and methods for spatial data in R. News 5.
  22. Pebesma E., Sumner M., Hijmans R. 2013. Package ’ rgdal ’.
  23. R Core Team. 2016. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
  24. Tachet H., Richoux P., Bournaud M., Usseglio-Polatera P. 2000. Invertébrés d’eau douce. Systématique, Biologie.
  25. Wickham H. 2007. Reshaping Data with the reshape Package. Journal of Statistical Software 21:1–20.

Métadonnées additionnelles

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the Department of Environmental Biology (previously known as the Department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. MZNA stores several million specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA is open to researchers around the world, makes loans and accepts deposits.

Objet The aim of the present dataset is to provide all information from the CEMAS project conducted in the Ebro River Basin from 2005 to 2015.
Description de la fréquence de mise à jour The dataset is closed. The regular maintenance of the database may involve a modification of some metadata related with sampling information. On the other hand, this dataset offers information of samples that may be re-analyzed. Any researcher interested in macroinvertebrates can contact the MZNA to have access to the samples. New versions of the dataset will be published when required.
Identifiants alternatifs doi:10.15470/gkiznu
dfddad59-5bc5-4e35-8b35-334eed43bba9
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=macro-invert-che