Fishes in MZNA-VERT: baseline freshwater sampling campaigns
Latest version published by University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology on 30 November 2018 University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology

This dataset contains ocurrence data and measurements of freshwater fish captured in different locations of Spain under various studies.

Home GBIF DwC-A EML RTF Versions Rights Cite this
Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 22,031 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (core)
    22031
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    23118

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 22,031 records in English (465 kB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (35 kB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (26 kB)
Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

MZNA (2016): Fishes in MZNA-VERT: baseline sampling campaigns, freshwater. v1. University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://www.gbif.es/ipt/resource?r=ichty-cdsp&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 5f15bccf-9f93-41c9-8de3-34887b2a76c9.  University of Navarra – Department of Environmental Biology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Occurrence; Freshwater fish; Iberian Peninsula; Observation

Contacts

Who created the resource:

MZNA Museum of Zoology
Institution
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
34 948 425 600
http://www.unav.es/unzyec/mzna/

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Professor
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES

Who filled in the metadata:

Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
David Galicia
Professor
University of Navarra
Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
+34948425600

Who else was associated with the resource:

Metadata Provider
Amaia A. Rodeles
PhD Student
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Principal Investigator
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Lecturer
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Custodian Steward
Arturo Ariño Plana
Head of the Museum
Universidad de Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Curator
Ángel Chaves Illana
Technician
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Curator
Ana Amézcua Martínez
Technician
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Curator
María Imas Lecumberri
Technician
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Author
Javier Oscoz Escudero
Researcher
University of Navarra
C/ Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Author
Ibon Tobes Sesma
PhD Student
University of Navarra
C/Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Author
Iván Vedia Jiménez
PhD Student
University of Navarra
C/Irunlarrea 1
31008 Pamplona
Navarra
ES
Geographic Coverage

All specimens were collected in Spain. Almost half of the individuals were from Aragón (48%) and the rest were scattered through Navarra (36%), La Rioja (13%) and Castilla y León (4.6%). The rivers sampled are tributaries of the Ebro and Duero, on the north of Spain, in the Iberian Peninsula, southern Europe. Their basins flow into Atlantic and Mediterranean seas.

Bounding Coordinates South West [41.15, -6.35], North East [43.22, 0.02]
Taxonomic Coverage

All specimens were identified to the species level when possible, using the Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe (Maitland P. S. & Linsell K., 1977). Twenty-three species were recorded in all Spain, of which 12 belong to the Cyprinidae family. The rest of the collected species belong to the families Cobitidae, Nemacheilidae, Salmonidae, Percidae, Esocidae, Bleniidae, Centrarchidae, Siluridae, Poeciliidae and Ictaluridae. In number of individuals, the most abundant family is Cyprinidae as well, with the 86% of the captures. This family is followed by Salmonids (5.5%). The most captured species was Phoxinus bigerri. Moreover, 7 of the species recorded in this dataset are endemic from the Iberian Peninsula and 12 are introduced species. One of the endemic species recorded, Cobitis calderoni is Endangered according to the IUCN red list.

Species  Salaria fluviatilis (River blenny),  Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed),  Micropterus salmoides (Largemouth black-bass),  Barbatula quignardi (Pyrenean stone loach),  Cobitis calderoni (Northern Iberian spined- loach),  Achondrostoma arcasii (Bermejuela),  Alburnus alburnus (Bleak),  Barbus haasi (Iberian redfin barbel),  Carassius auratus (Goldfish),  Cyprinus carpio (Carp),  Gobio lozanoi (Pyrenean gudgeon),  Luciobarbus graellsii (Ebro barbel),  Parachondrostoma miegii (Ebro nase),  Phoxinus bigerri (Pyrenean minnow),  Rutilus rutilus (Roach),  Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Rudd),  Squalius laietanus (Ebro chub),  Esox lucius (Pike),  Ameiurus melas (Catfish),  Sander lucioperca (Pikeperch),  Salmo trutta (Brown trout),  Silurus glanis (Wels catfish),  Gambusia holbrooki (Eastern mosquitofish)
Temporal Coverage
Living Time Period 1995-present
Project Data

Puntual projects and technical reports funded the study of freshwater fish communities on different rivers of Spain.

Title Freshwater fish sampling campaigns.
Funding The collection of this data has been supported through projects funded by different organizations and numerous technical reports financed by small enterprises and government contracts: - “Fauna acuática de los ríos de Pamplona (Arga, Elorz y Sadar)” Hired by Ayuntamiento de Pamplona (2013) - “Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Ebro en el término municipal de San Asensio (La Rioja): diversidad, biomasa relativa y descripción de los usos del hábitat. - "Estudio de las poblaciones de nutria”. Hired by GARONA Estudios Territoriales S.Cv. November 2002 - “Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Tirón en el término municipal de Belorado (Burgos): Inventario de ictiofauna, abundancia de las especies, diversidad y demandas de hábitat”. Hired by ARAGONESA DEL PAISAJE S.L.. April 2003 - “Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Cinca en Fraga (Huesca): diversidad, biomasa relativa y descripción de los usos del hábitat. Estudio de las poblaciones de nutria”. Hired by GARONA Estudios Territoriales S.Cv. 2003 - "Estudio del comportamiento trófico de la nutria (Lutra lutra) con respecto a las migraciones reproductoras de los peces en afluentes de los ríos Aragón, Gallego y Cinca". Hired by FLUMEN S.Cv. 2004 - “Análisis de la población piscícola presente en el río Ebro a su paso por el municipio de Milagro (Navarra)”. Hired by FLUMEN S.Cv. October 2005 - “Inventario y abundancia relativa de las especies de peces presentes en el río Arga, aguas arriba y debajo de la presa situada en el Señorío de Sarriá (Puente la Reina, Navarra)”. Hired by Ecolan – Estudios y Gestión Medioambiental. October 2005 - “Estimación y análisis de las poblaciones de peces presentes en el río Ega a su paso por el T.M. de Carcár y Lerín (Navarra) y revisión documental sobra la presencia y situación del galápago leproso (Mauremys leprosa) en la zona”. Hired by ECAS Técnicos Asociados S.L. July 2006 - “Estimación de las poblaciones de peces de agua dulce en el río Gállego (Huesca)” Hired by FLUMEN Estudios y Proyectos Ambientales S.L. September 2006 - “Estimación del estado ecológico de las aguas del río Ebro a su paso por la localidad de Luceni (Zaragoza) mediante la comunidad de macroinvertebrados y análisis de la ictiofauna presente”. Hired by GARONA Estudios Territoriales S.Cv. October 2008 - “Análisis de la fauna piscícola presente en el tramo del río Jalón afectado por el proyecto del azud de derivación de la presa de Mularroya (Municipio de Campiel, Zaragoza)” Hired by GARONA Estudios Territoriales S.Cv. October 2008 - “Estudio de la calidad ecológica del río Ara a su paso por la localidad de Fiscal y del río Jalón a su paso por la localidad de Saviñan: análisis de las poblaciones piscícolas, índices bióticos a partir de macroinvertebrados bentónicos y caracterización del hábitat fluvial (índices IHF y QBR)”. Hired by FLUMEN Estudios y Proyectos Ambientales S.L. October 2009 - “Análisis de las poblaciones de peces presentes en un tramo del río Flumen a su paso por el municipio de Lalueza (Huesca)”. Hired by GARONA Estudios Territoriales S.Cv. August 2009 - “Estudio de las poblaciones piscícolas del río Isábena, aguas arriba y aguas abajo del proyecto de azud sito en la localidad de Capella”. Hired by Comunidad de Regantes Joaquín Costa de la acequia Isábena-Ciscar. September 2011 - “Estudio de las poblaciones de trucha (Salmo trutta) y náyade (Margaritifera margaritifera) en el río Pedro entre las localidades del Hedroso y Aciberos (Zamora)”. Hired by ECONIMA Consultoría Ambiental. October 2013 - “Estudio de las poblaciones de trucha (Salmo trutta) y náyade (Margaritifera margaritifera) en el río Pedro entre las localidades del Hedroso y Aciberos (Zamora) – Campaña de 2014”. Hired by ECONIMA Consultoría Ambiental. October 2014.
Study Area Description The specimens recorded in this dataset are originated from the Ebro and Duero river basins, on the north of Spain, in the Iberian Peninsula, southern Europe.
Design Description NA

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Rafael Miranda Ferreiro
Sampling Methods

Data was collected as part of different studies such government-funded assessments and management projects. Sixty one localities of Spain were sampled, the majority in Navarra (46% of the captures). In total, there were 16464 specimens observed. The Ebro basin was the most sampled. The main sampling method was electric fishing, using a back-pack electrofishing unit. Two electrofishing methods were used: three-run depletion between two stop-nets and semi-quantitative surveys, giving fish densities by catch per unit of effort (CPUE, number of specimens captured per hour, Lobón-Cerviá 1991). The period of time of the semi-quantitative samplings varied between 15 minutes to 2 hours. The captured individuals were sedated with 2-phenoxyethanol, identified, counted and measured (total length in mm). However, there are not measured specimens in some samplings due to the type of project. Then, fish were returned to the river or euthanized and deposited on the Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra (MZNA, Pamplona, Spain). Species identification was performed by R. Miranda.

Study Extent The specimens were captured in 61 localities of different tributary basins of the Ebro and Duero rivers (Spain) between 1995 and 2014. The rivers drain into the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The climate is Mediterranean with hot and dry summers and humid winters. This varies with the altitude and oceanic influence.
Quality Control Species identification was performed by R. Mirandausing suitable literature (Maitland & Linsell 1977) and scientific names were validated using the W. N. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes (Eschmeyer 2014). Specimens were returned to the river or deposited in the Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra. Each specimen was labelled with a unique collection number. Darwin test software (v3.3 Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) was used to check out possible mistakes in the coordinates, characters and the format of dates.

Method step description:

  1. Specimens were sampled following the procedure described in the Sampling description section. The individuales were identified, measured and released in the majority of cases. In some cases the specimens were not measured or euthanized and deposited on the Zoological Museum of the University of Navarra in labelled jars first with formalin and, more recently, with 70% ethyl alcohol. Field data was revised, digitalised and incorporated to the MZNA database (Zootron v4.5, Ariño 1991). The dataset was exported to DarwinCore v1.4 format and revised to correct errors to adequate it to DarwinCore standars. Metadata information was added and the Darwin Core Archive was incorporated to the Spanish GBIF IPT.
Collection Data
Collection Name Peces: campañas regulares de muestreo
Parent Collection Identifier http://www.gbif.es/ic_colecciones.php?ID_Coleccion=10169
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol
Curatorial Units Count 21,753 +/- 1 Observation ,  Count 21 +/- 1 Photography ,  Count 21 +/- 1 Tissue ,  Count 257 +/- 1 Jar
Bibliographic Citations
  1. Maitland P. S. & Linsell K. (1977). Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe. Philips, Seattle.
  2. Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke (eds). CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp).
  3. Ortega-Maqueda, I. & Pando, F. (2008). DARWIN_TEST (V3.3): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4, http://www.gbif.es/Darwin_test/Darwin_test.php (08/11/2014). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, España
  4. Lobón-Cerviá J. (1991). Dinámica de poblaciones de peces en ríos. Pesca eléctrica y métodos de capturas sucesivas en la estima de abundancia. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales C.S.I.C. Madrid 156 pp.
  5. Ariño A.H. (1991) Bibliography of Iberian Polychaetes: a data base. Ophelia, suppl. 5: 647-652.
  6. Miranda R. (2013). Fauna acuática de los ríos de Pamplona (Arga, Elorz y Sadar). Editor: Ayuntamiento de Pamplona, Pamplona.
  7. Miranda R (2002). Estudio de la fauna piscícola del rio Iregua dentro del proyecto "Estudio-determinación de los caudales ecológicos en la cuenca del rio Iregua". Technical report.
  8. Miranda R. (2002). Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Ebro en el término municipal de San Asensio (La Rioja): diversidad, biomasa relativa y descripción de los usos del hábitat. Estudio de las poblaciones de nutria. Technical report.
  9. Miranda R. (2003). Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Tirón en el término municipal de Belorado (Burgos): Inventario de ictiofauna, abundancia de las especies, diversidad y demandas de hábitat. Technical report.
  10. Miranda R. (2003). Estudio de la fauna piscícola del río Cinca en Fraga (Huesca): diversidad, biomasa relativa y descripción de los usos del hábitat. Estudio de las poblaciones de nutria. Technical report.
  11. Miranda R. (2004). Estudio del comportamiento trófico de la nutria (Lutra lutra) con respecto a las migraciones reproductoras de los peces en afluentes de los ríos Aragón, Gallego y Cinca. Technical report.
  12. Miranda R (2005). Análisis de la población piscícola presente en el río Ebro a su paso por el municipio de Milagro (Navarra). Contratado por FLUMEN S.Cv. Technical report.
  13. Miranda R. (2005). Inventario y abundancia relativa de las especies de peces presentes en el río Arga, aguas arriba y debajo de la presa situada en el Señorío de Sarriá (Puente la Reina, Navarra). Technical report.
  14. Miranda R. (2006). Estimación y análisis de las poblaciones de peces presentes en el río Ega a su paso por el T.M. de Carcár y Lerín (Navarra) y revisión documental sobra la presencia y situación del galápago leproso (Mauremys leprosa) en la zona. Technical report.
  15. Miranda R. (2006). Estimación de las poblaciones de peces de agua dulce en el río Gállego (Huesca). Technical report.
  16. Miranda R. (2008). Estimación del estado ecológico de las aguas del río Ebro a su paso por la localidad de Luceni (Zaragoza) mediante la comunidad de macroinvertebrados y análisis de la ictiofauna presente. Technical report.
  17. Miranda R. (2008). Análisis de la fauna piscícola presente en el tramo del río Jalón afectado por el proyecto del azud de derivación de la presa de Mularroya (Municipio de Campiel, Zaragoza). Technical report.
  18. Miranda R. (2009). Estudio de la calidad ecológica del río Ara a su paso por la localidad de Fiscal y del río Jalón a su paso por la localidad de Saviñan: análisis de las poblaciones piscícolas, índices bióticos a partir de macroinvertebrados bentónicos y caracterización del hábitat fluvial (índices IHF y QBR). Technical report.
  19. Miranda R. (2009). Análisis de las poblaciones de peces presentes en un tramo del río Flumen a su paso por el municipio de Lalueza (Huesca). Technical report.
  20. Miranda R. (2011). Estudio de las poblaciones piscícolas del río Isábena, aguas arriba y aguas abajo del proyecto de azud sito en la localidad de Capella. Technical report.
  21. Miranda R. (2013) Estudio de las poblaciones de trucha (Salmo trutta) y náyade (Margaritifera margaritifera) en el río Pedro entre las localidades del Hedroso y Aciberos (Zamora). Technical report.
  22. Miranda R. (2014). Estudio de las poblaciones de trucha (Salmo trutta) y náyade (Margaritifera margaritifera) en el río Pedro entre las localidades del Hedroso y Aciberos (Zamora) – Campaña de 2014. Technical report.
Additional Metadata

The Museum of Zoology (MZNA) was founded in 1980 as a repository of zoological materials originating from research and instructional activities of the department of Environmental Biology (proviously known as the department of Zoology and Ecology) of the University of Navarra. Nowadays MZNA store more than two millions specimens in its climate-controlled facilities. The Museum is a Data Provider for the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and is an Affiliate to the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The Museum is also in charge of the curation and management of the Natural History Collections of the School of Science of the University of Navarra (Spain). MZNA attends to reserchers around the world, make loans and accepts deposits.

Purpose The aim of the present data set is to provide all information of the records of freshwater fishes related with monitoring projects performed by the MZNA personel. Due to the different sources of the samples, an effort to standardize those records has been made in order to share them through GBIF.
Maintenance Description Dataset gests updated upon new sampling campaigns.
Alternative Identifiers doi:10.15470/czwedx
5f15bccf-9f93-41c9-8de3-34887b2a76c9
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=ichty-cdsp