Dung beetles specimens along aridity gradients at the border of three deserts: Chihuahua (Mexico), Kalahari (South Africa) and Sahara (Morocco), 2013-2015.
最新版本 由 Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC) 發佈於 2020年5月21日 Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC)

The dataset comprises a subset of the information recorded in the thesis “Dung beetle traits: a conceptual, experimental and biogeographical approach”. It contains 2086 occurrences of Scarabaeidae species recorded from Mexico, Morocco and South Africa and 4 occurrences of Trogidae family from Morocco. Dung beetles specimens were surveyed along aridity gradients at the border of three deserts: Chihuahua (Mexico), Kalahari (South Africa) and Sahara (Morocco). The sampling campaigns took place before the rainy season (September 2013-14 Sahara, November 2014 Kalahari) and after the rainy season (April 2013-2014 Sahara, May 2014 Sahara and September 2015 Chihuahua). The National Spanish Museum of Sciences kept the specimens preserved at the 'Entomología' collection. Those from South Africa and Mexico were dried. A wing and elytra were extracted and pinned. Specimens from Morocco were preserved in alcohol.

GBIF DwC-A EML RTF 版本 權利 引用此資源
資料紀錄

此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 2,090 筆紀錄。

亦存在 1 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。

  • Occurrence (核心)
    2090
  • ResourceRelationship 
    2090

此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本,以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。

下載

下載最新版本的 Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) 資源,或資源詮釋資料的 EML 或 RTF 文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 2,090 紀錄 在 English 中 (52 kB) - 更新頻率: 有可能更新,但不確知何時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (14 kB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (13 kB)
版本

以下的表格只顯示可公開存取資源的已發布版本。

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

deCastro I (2020): Dung beetles specimens along aridity gradients at the border of three deserts: Chihuahua (Mexico), Kalahari (South Africa) and Sahara (Morocco), 2013-2015.. v1.4. Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC). Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.15470/pjxmep

權利

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC)。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 39a06c30-dcfd-4a4e-bde8-a0be882fb33f。  Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC) 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF Spain同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Specimen

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Indradatta deCastro
Ayudante de investigación
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
ES

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Indradatta deCastro
Ayudante de investigación
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
ES
Mercedes Paris
Conservadora
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
Madrid
ES

元數據填寫者:

Cristina Ronquillo
Ayudante de Investigación
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
Madrid
ES

與此資源的相關者:

典藏經理
Cristina Ronquillo
Ayudante de investigación
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
Madrid
ES
作者
Indradatta deCastro
Ayudante de investigación
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
ES
研究主持人
Francisco Sánchez-Piñero
Profesor Titular
Universidad de Granada
Granada
ES
研究主持人
Joaquín Hortal
Científico titular
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
Madrid
ES
處理者
Mercedes París
Conservadora
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)
Madrid
ES
地理涵蓋範圍

30 different locations were surveyed from 3 different countries. 1842 occurrences from Sahara desert Morocco, 48 from Chihuhua desert in Mexico and 200 from Kalahari desert in South Africa.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-90, -180], 緯度北界 經度東界 [90, 180]
分類群涵蓋範圍

Occurrences described in this dataset pertain to Scarabaeidae family and comprise 50 different genus of dung beetles. 5 occurrences were identified to family level, 59 to genus level and 2022 to species level. This dataset also contains 4 records of Trogidae family identified to species level.

Class  Insecta
Order  Coleoptera
Family  Scarabaeidae
時間涵蓋範圍
起始日期 / 結束日期 2013-04-10 / 2015-09-12
計畫資料

Desentrañando los determinantes geográficos y evolutivos de la diversidad de coleópteros coprógafos del Paleártico Occidental.

計畫名稱 SCARPO - Desentrañando los determinantes geográficos y evolutivos de la diversidad de coleópteros coprógafos del Paleártico Occidental.
辨識碼 CGL2011-29317
經費來源 "SCARPO - Desentrañando los determinantes geográficos y evolutivos de la diversidad de coleópteros coprógafos del Paleártico Occidental (CGL2011-29317), and the associated FPI grant BES-2012-054353, funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad".

參與計畫的人員:

研究主持人
Joaquín Hortal
取樣方法

Dung beetles were sampled during four campaigns held in two consecutive years: two in the wet season (April 2013 and 2014) and two in the dry season (September 2013 and 2014). In each campaign we surveyed 10 sampling sites along the Moroccan road N17 from the Sahara towards the Mediterranean, separated by an interval of around 40 km. All sampling sites were placed at least 100m away from the road margin.

研究範圍 The study area comprises the border of three deserts: Chihuahua (Mexico), Kalahari (South Africa) and Sahara (Morocco). In each of the deserts a transect 400km long was designed to capture the variability of a severe aridity gradient from 300mm to 100mm of total annual rainfall. Thus, the driest areas had scarce vegetation (<5cm high) and very low density (<1 individual per 1m²) and the wettest areas had shruby to sparse savanna ecosystems (small trees of various species, including Acacia in the Kalahari) or low intensity agroecosystems (specially in the wet areas of the Sahara desert). There was presence of livestock along the transects of the three deserts varying from cattle in the wettest study areas to lots of sheep/goats and some donkeys in the driest study areas of the three deserts. Even some dromedary at the Sahara desert. For more details on the Saharan study area see https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5210.

方法步驟描述:

  1. We surveyed 10 sampling sites along the Moroccan road N17 from the Sahara towards the Mediterranean, separated by an interval of around 40 km. Sampling and beetle collection were carried out under research permits Reference Numbers 01/2013 HCEFLCD/DLCDPN/DPRN/CFF and 01/2014 HCEFLCD/DLCDPN/DPRN/CFF issued by the Haut Commisariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à Lutte Contre la Désertification (Morocco). All sampling sites were placed at least 100m away from the road margin.
收藏資料
蒐藏名稱 Colección de entomología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales
蒐藏編號 835bf26e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a
上層採集品識別碼 MNCN
標本保存方法 Alcohol,  Dried
引用文獻
  1. DeCastro Arrazola, Indradatta. Dung beetle traits: a conceptual, experimental and biogeographical approach. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 2018. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/54301] http://hdl.handle.net/10481/54301
  2. deCastro-Arrazola I, Hortal J, Moretti M, Sánchez-Piñero F. 2018. Spatial and temporal variations of aridity shape dung beetle assemblages towards the Sahara desert. PeerJ 6:e5210 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5210
額外的元數據

Specimens from South Africa and Mexico were dried. A wing and elytra were extracted and pinned. Specimens from Morocco were preserved in alcohol.

替代的識別碼 10.15470/pjxmep
39a06c30-dcfd-4a4e-bde8-a0be882fb33f
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=dung_beetles