Inventory of flora, avifauna and reptile species observed by visual census at the Piedra Nogal quarry, owned of San Marino, in Moratalla, Murcia (Spain). This inventory is part of the BioReSTONE project developed by the Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales. The aim of BioReSTONE is to design tools for the conservation and restoration of natural habitats and wild species in areas managed by the marble extraction industry. The initial censuses have been carried out in five quarries in Murcia, Castilla la Mancha and Andalusia. The aim is to prevent, detect early and eradicate invasive exotic species and adapt future restoration to climate change scenarios. It also aims to generate knowledge for the conservation of habitats and species of interest in the five participating quarries.
此資源名錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案（DwC-A），其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 36 筆紀錄。
López Martínez E, Campillo Marín S (2022): Species inventory of the Piedra Nogal quarry, owned by San Marino, in Moratalla, Murcia (Spain). v2.4. Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15470/0ivtj5
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.
此資源已向GBIF註冊，並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 2ad1be7d-30d6-4670-b5d0-9c4df08f5861。 Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales 發佈此資源，並經由GBIF Spain同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。
Checklist; Inventoryregional; inventory; biodiversity; quarry; spain; murcia; flora; fauna; visual census; restoration; species
Area occupied by Piedra Nogal Quarry in Moratalla, Murcia (Spain).
|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [38.284, -2.058], 緯度北界 經度東界 [38.29, -2.049]|
All species in the cheklist were identified to species level.
|Class||Aves, Sauropsida, Amphibia|
All species in the cheklist were identified to species level.
|Class||Magnoliopsida, Pinopsida, Liliopsida, Rosopsida|
Mining Law 22/1973 of 21 July 1973 and Royal Decree 975/2009 of 12 June 2009 of Spain establish that all mining operations must restore the affected area. The industry has the material, human and economic means to implement such plans and generate a positive environmental impact at state level. However, most of the restoration plans of the extractive sector are outdated, obsolete, "decoupled" from state policies and interests such as: biodiversity conservation, new climate change scenarios and population dynamics of exotic and invasive species. The BioReSTONE project will generate tools to: - Promote biodiversity in quarries and their sphere of influence. - Prevention, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species. - Adaptation of restorations to climate change scenarios. - Generate knowledge for the conservation of habitats and species of interest in 5 quarries located in protected areas of Albacete, Murcia and Granada. The aim is to design tools for the conservation and restoration of natural habitats and wild species in areas managed by the marble extractive industry. Through these tools, the marble industry will contribute to the promotion of biodiversity in quarries and their area of influence, the prevention, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species and the adaptation of restoration plans to climate change scenarios. Project start date: 01/10/2020 Project end date: 30/06/2022.
|計畫名稱||BioReSTONE.Adaptation of natural stone quarry restoration plans for the conservation of species and habitats of interest, prevention and eradication of invasive species and adaptation to climate change.|
|經費來源||Funded by the Fundación Biodiversidad of the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge of Spain. Programme: Call for the award of grants from the Fundación Biodiversidad F.S.P., on a competitive basis, for the evaluation of Spanish terrestrial biodiversity 2020.|
|研究區域描述||The actions are carried out in 5 quarries that are located in three Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) of the Natura 2000 Network: "Sierra de Alcaraz y Segura y cañones del Segura y del Mundo" (Albacete), "Sierra de Moratalla" (Murcia) and "Sierra de Castril" (Granada).|
|研究設計描述||The project consists of the following actions: A.01 Integrate data obtained in open scientific research and dissemination databases (e.g.; GBIF). A.1 Development of a tool for the assessment and monitoring of biodiversity in the ornamental rock quarries under study. Establishment and design of quantifiable indices. A.2 Carry out an environmental characterisation of each quarry and its surroundings. Including present, potential and habitats of special consideration/protection (habitats of community interest), as well as protected species of interest. Assessment of biodiversity in the initial state of the enclaves (baseline) and detection of specific innovative opportunities for each one. A.3 Review of climatic scenarios for the region and native plant species with the greatest adaptive capacity for the study scenario, guaranteeing ecological functionality. A.4 Identification of invasive alien species and import prevention measures. Develop protocols for the prevention of entry mechanisms, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species affecting natural ecosystems and their restoration. A.5 Review of current Restoration Plans and their administrative situation. A.6 Assessment of the degree of internalisation of the criteria set out in specific objective O.2 in the current Restoration Plan (promotion of biodiversity, conservation of species of interest, associated habitats and reinforcement of native species adapted to new climate change scenarios, preventing the entry and eradication of invasive species). A.7 Drafting of a biodiversity promotion plan integrating quarry restoration criteria and measures to complement (or modify) the Restoration Plans in force at each mining site. A.8 Development of 1 pilot restoration experience in a quarry (specific biodiversity and conservation of taxa of interest), development of plantations (including maintenance) and measures to promote faunal biodiversity. The guidelines of the Practical Guide to Ecological Restoration published by the Fundación Biodiversidad will be followed. A.9 Evaluation of the results achieved on biodiversity, species and habitats after the actions carried out in the enclave. Including the assessment of the net positive impact generated and associated conclusions. A.10 Drawing up a decalogue of recommendations for action to protect biodiversity, habitats and species of interest and/or protected species for the marble sector. A.11 Identification and contact with entities and landowners with whom to make custody agreements to carry out environmental monitoring programmes, promoting the creation of green jobs in rural areas linked to the marble extractive industry and contributing to the National Strategy against the Demographic Challenge according to the Just Transition Strategy, promoting employment and youth and women's entrepreneurship (Axis A of the Promotion of the ecological transition of the economic sectors of the Just Transition Strategy). Drafting of agreements and Just Transition Agreements as an implementation tool of the Just Transition Strategy with entities and landowners to carry out environmental monitoring programmes in support of the restoration of ecosystems, biodiversity and adaptation to climate change (section C point 5.1 of the Support Framework of the Just Transition Strategy's Transition agreements).|
The sampling protocols used for habitats, birds and fauna are described below: Habitats Different linear transects were carried out to cover the entire study area in each of the quarries and their immediate outer perimeter, with the aim of locating and estimating the vegetation present. The habitats present were also identified and the extent of each of them was estimated using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) software. The transects were carried out on foot in parallel, maintaining distances of between 10 and 15 metres between them in order to cover the entire transect band. Birds Fixed-width transects were carried out following the methodology developed by Järvinen and Väisänen in 1975. For this purpose, walking transects were carried out, noting all birds detected (visual and/or auditory contacts) and differentiating those found in an inner band of 25 m on either side of the observer from those found further away. The surveys were carried out on foot at a constant speed of between 1.5 and 2 km/h and took place during the breeding season (month). Herpetofauna Observations of herpetofauna were made along the transects described above. All species detected during these transects were recorded. In addition, specific sampling was carried out for these species in the habitats identified as optimal for these faunal groups (e.g. seasonal ponds).
|研究範圍||The 'Sierra de Moratalla' is located in the north-western sector of the Region of Murcia (Spain) and is characterised by the abruptness of its orography, the abundance of springs and the richness of its vegetation, with the presence of pines, holm oaks and junipers. It is home to the most important peaks in Murcia, with the Pico de Revolcadores (2,027 metres) being the highest in the region. Part of the Sierra de Moratalla is included in the Wildlife Protection Area called 'Montes propiedad de la Comunidad Autónoma en los términos de Moratalla con la presencia de cabra montés' (Mountains owned by the Autonomous Community in the area of Moratalla with the presence of mountain goats), and is also considered an Area of Ecological Sensitivity. Designated SPA in 2001 for the species of peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and red-billed chough (Phyrrocorax phyrrocorax). This extensive SPA covers 21,513 hectares and a large part of its surface area is within the Site of Community Importance (SCI) 'Sierra de la Muela'. The specific sampling area has been the San Marino quarry "Piedra Nogal", which is located in the municipality of Moratalla. The census was carried out on a single day, in the spring season (07-04-2021).|
|品質控管||The works documenting the methods and procedures used in the study are as follows: Relevant literature: CARRASCAL, L.M. y PALOMINO, D. 2005. Preferencias de hábitat, densidad y diversidad de las comunidades de aves en Tenerife (Islas Canarias). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 28: 101-119. JÄRVINEN, O. y VÄISÄNEN, R.A. 1977. Line transect method: a standard for field-work. Polish Ecol. Stud., 3: 7-17. TELLERÍA, J.L. 1986. Manual para el censo de los vertebrados terrestres. Raíces, Madrid, España. Braun-Blanquet, J. (1977). Fitosociología. Editorial Blume, Madrid. 820 pp. Materials and Software: The materials used for this work were. IGN software for field data collection and subsequent visualisation in QGIS (QGIS.org, 2022. QGIS Geographic Information System. QGIS Association. http://www.qgis.org), collection of species using space, and subsequent data dumping for the creation of an excel database. Topographic maps and orthophotos at a scale of 1:5,000, and binoculars.|
- The generation of this database arises from the context of the BioReSTONE Project, developed by CTM, with the support of the Fundación Biodiversidad of the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge of Spain. The initiative aims to help natural stone quarries to comply with their restoration obligations stipulated in Law 22/1973 on Mines of 21 July and RD 975/2009 based on a vision that is more in line with current social and environmental demands. To this end, it was determined necessary to carry out field sampling of the four quarries included in the project. Sampling focused on vegetation and habitats, ornithofauna and herpetofauna. Birds are excellent indicators of biodiversity status, not only because their population trends integrate many ecological factors, but also because they are present in all habitats, are very sensitive to environmental changes and are generally easy to sample. Herpetofauna was included because water accumulations are found in the area.
- CARRASCAL, L.M. y PALOMINO, D. 2005. Preferencias de hábitat, densidad y diversidad de las comunidades de aves en Tenerife (Islas Canarias). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 28: 101-119.
- JÄRVINEN, O. y VÄISÄNEN, R.A. 1977. Line transect method: a standard for field-work. Polish Ecol. Stud., 3: 7-17.
- TELLERÍA, J.L. 1986. Manual para el censo de los vertebrados terrestres. Raíces, Madrid, España.
- Braun-Blanquet, J. (1977). Fitosociología. Editorial Blume, Madrid. 820 pp.
More information on the BioReSTONE project can be found on the following website: https://biorestone.com/
|目的||This dataset has been created in order to have a record of the existing biodiversity in the study quarries included in the BioReSTONE project. This information can be used to update the restoration plans of the quarries. On the other hand, it is also a database that can be updated in the future to know how the diversity of species in each area changes over time.|