Inventory of flora, avifauna and reptile species observed by visual census at the Mármoles MAM quarry in Castril, Granada (Spain). This inventory is part of the BioReSTONE project developed by the Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales. The aim of BioReSTONE is to design tools for the conservation and restoration of natural habitats and wild species in areas managed by the marble extraction industry. The initial censuses have been carried out in five quarries in Murcia, Castilla la Mancha and Andalusia. The aim is to prevent, detect early and eradicate invasive exotic species and adapt future restoration to climate change scenarios. It also aims to generate knowledge for the conservation of habitats and species of interest in the five participating quarries.
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 43 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
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How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
López Martínez E, Campillo Marín S (2022): Species Inventory of Mármoles MAM Quarry in Castril, Granada (Spain). v1.3. Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15470/nzthlg
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 2caf65a1-e3de-4023-a9bc-e7b153500599. Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.
Checklist; Derivedfromoccurrence; spain; biodiversity; quarry; visual census; species; mediterranean; murcia; fauna; flora
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Area occupied by Mármoles MAM Quarry in Castril, Granada (Spain).
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [37.795, -2.849], North East [37.801, -2.838]|
All species in the cheklist were identified to species level.
|Class||Aves, Sauropsida, Amphibia|
All species in the cheklist were identified to species level.
|Class||Magnoliopsida, Pinopsida, Apogonia, Liliopsida|
Mining Law 22/1973 of 21 July 1973 and Royal Decree 975/2009 of 12 June 2009 of Spain establish that all mining operations must restore the affected area. The industry has the material, human and economic means to implement such plans and generate a positive environmental impact at state level. However, most of the restoration plans of the extractive sector are outdated, obsolete, "decoupled" from state policies and interests such as: biodiversity conservation, new climate change scenarios and population dynamics of exotic and invasive species. The BioReSTONE project will generate tools to: - Promote biodiversity in quarries and their sphere of influence. - Prevention, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species. - Adaptation of restorations to climate change scenarios. - Generate knowledge for the conservation of habitats and species of interest in 5 quarries located in protected areas of Albacete, Murcia and Granada. The aim is to design tools for the conservation and restoration of natural habitats and wild species in areas managed by the marble extractive industry. Through these tools, the marble industry will contribute to the promotion of biodiversity in quarries and their area of influence, the prevention, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species and the adaptation of restoration plans to climate change scenarios. Project start date: 01/10/2020 Project end date: 30/06/2022
|Title||BioReSTONE.Adaptation of natural stone quarry restoration plans for the conservation of species and habitats of interest, prevention and eradication of invasive species and adaptation to climate change.|
|Funding||Funded by the Fundación Biodiversidad of the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge of Spain. Programme: Call for the award of grants from the Fundación Biodiversidad F.S.P., on a competitive basis, for the evaluation of Spanish terrestrial biodiversity 2020.|
|Study Area Description||Mármoles MAM's "Emperador de Castril" quarry is located in the municipality of Castril (Granada) in the Sierra de Castril Natural Park in the "Campocebas" area. At present it has a surface area of 100.8 ha, of which 24.2 ha are in operation and 13.4 ha are restored. The following vegetation series can be found in the vicinity of the study area: - Series 19 e) supra-mesomediterranean Betic basophilic basophilic Q. faginea: (Daphno latifoliae-Acereto granatensis). It corresponds to the potential vegetation belonging to the gall-oak grove group with pomegranate maple as the main companion species. - Series 24 e) Mesomediterranean Betic basophilic Quercus rotundifolia: (Paeonio coriaceae-quercetum rotundifoliae). It corresponds to the potential vegetation belonging to the group of mesomediterranean holm oak groves accompanied by Q. coccifera, R. alaternus and R.sphaerocarpa. - Series 24 f) Supra-Mediterranean Betic basophilic Quercus rotundifolia series: (Berberido hispanicae-quercetum rotundifoliae ). This corresponds to the potential vegetation of supramediterranean holm oak groves that are in transition with the previous stage, increasing their presence at higher altitudes. They are differentiated by the presence of barberry (B. hispanica), butcher's broom (R. aculeatus) and nun's cushion (Erinacea anthyllis). - b) Betic series of Juniperus sabina: (Daphno oleoidi-Pineto sylvestris). This corresponds to the potential vegetation belonging to the group of creeping pine and juniper groves that appear at higher and cooler altitudes. - 29 a) Semi-arid mesomediterranean series of Kermes oak Q. coccifera: (Rhamno lycioidis-Querceto cocciferae). Corresponding to the series of pine and kermes oak groves, being the most thermophilic and dry series in the area, with the presence of the juniper Juniperus phoenicea standing out.|
|Design Description||The project consists of the following actions: A.01 Integrate data obtained in open scientific research and dissemination databases (e.g.; GBIF). A.1 Development of a tool for the assessment and monitoring of biodiversity in the ornamental rock quarries under study. Establishment and design of quantifiable indices. A.2 Carry out an environmental characterisation of each quarry and its surroundings. Including present, potential and habitats of special consideration/protection (habitats of community interest), as well as protected species of interest. Assessment of biodiversity in the initial state of the enclaves (baseline) and detection of specific innovative opportunities for each one. A.3 Review of climatic scenarios for the region and native plant species with the greatest adaptive capacity for the study scenario, guaranteeing ecological functionality. A.4 Identification of invasive alien species and import prevention measures. Develop protocols for the prevention of entry mechanisms, early detection and eradication of invasive alien species affecting natural ecosystems and their restoration. A.5 Review of current Restoration Plans and their administrative situation. A.6 Assessment of the degree of internalisation of the criteria set out in specific objective O.2 in the current Restoration Plan (promotion of biodiversity, conservation of species of interest, associated habitats and reinforcement of native species adapted to new climate change scenarios, preventing the entry and eradication of invasive species). A.7 Drafting of a biodiversity promotion plan integrating quarry restoration criteria and measures to complement (or modify) the Restoration Plans in force at each mining site. A.8 Development of 1 pilot restoration experience in a quarry (specific biodiversity and conservation of taxa of interest), development of plantations (including maintenance) and measures to promote faunal biodiversity. The guidelines of the Practical Guide to Ecological Restoration published by the Fundación Biodiversidad will be followed. A.9 Evaluation of the results achieved on biodiversity, species and habitats after the actions carried out in the enclave. Including the assessment of the net positive impact generated and associated conclusions. A.10 Drawing up a decalogue of recommendations for action to protect biodiversity, habitats and species of interest and/or protected species for the marble sector. A.11 Identification and contact with entities and landowners with whom to make custody agreements to carry out environmental monitoring programmes, promoting the creation of green jobs in rural areas linked to the marble extractive industry and contributing to the National Strategy against the Demographic Challenge according to the Just Transition Strategy, promoting employment and youth and women's entrepreneurship (Axis A of the Promotion of the ecological transition of the economic sectors of the Just Transition Strategy). Drafting of agreements and Just Transition Agreements as an implementation tool of the Just Transition Strategy with entities and landowners to carry out environmental monitoring programmes in support of the restoration of ecosystems, biodiversity and adaptation to climate change (section C point 5.1 of the Support Framework of the Just Transition Strategy's Transition agreements).|
The personnel involved in the project:
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The sampling protocols used for habitats, birds and fauna are described below: Habitats Different linear transects were carried out to cover the entire study area in each of the quarries and their immediate outer perimeter, with the aim of locating and estimating the vegetation present. The habitats present were also identified and the extent of each of them was estimated using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) software. The transects were carried out on foot in parallel, maintaining distances of between 10 and 15 metres between them in order to cover the entire transect band. Birds Fixed-width transects were carried out following the methodology developed by Järvinen and Väisänen in 1975. For this purpose, walking transects were carried out, noting all birds detected (visual and/or auditory contacts) and differentiating those found in an inner band of 25 m on either side of the observer from those found further away. The surveys were carried out on foot at a constant speed of between 1.5 and 2 km/h and took place during the breeding season (month). Herpetofauna Observations of herpetofauna were made along the transects described above. All species detected during these transects were recorded. In addition, specific sampling was carried out for these species in the habitats identified as optimal for these faunal groups (e.g. seasonal ponds).
|Study Extent||The specific sampling area has been the MAM marble quarry "Emperador de Castril", which is located in the municipality of Castril (Granada, Spain), in the "Campocebas" area (Sierra de Castril Natural Park). At present it has a surface area of 100.8 ha, of which 24.2 ha are in operation and 13.4 ha are restored. The surveys were visual censuses carried out throughout the area to identify the main species present of flora and fauna. The census was carried out on a single day, in the spring season (08-04-2021).|
|Quality Control||The works documenting the methods and procedures used in the study are as follows: Relevant literature: CARRASCAL, L.M. y PALOMINO, D. 2005. Preferencias de hábitat, densidad y diversidad de las comunidades de aves en Tenerife (Islas Canarias). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 28: 101-119. JÄRVINEN, O. y VÄISÄNEN, R.A. 1977. Line transect method: a standard for field-work. Polish Ecol. Stud., 3: 7-17. TELLERÍA, J.L. 1986. Manual para el censo de los vertebrados terrestres. Raíces, Madrid, España. Braun-Blanquet, J. (1977). Fitosociología. Editorial Blume, Madrid. 820 pp. Materials and Software: The materials used for this work were. IGN software for field data collection and subsequent visualisation in QGIS (QGIS.org, 2022. QGIS Geographic Information System. QGIS Association. http://www.qgis.org), collection of species using space, and subsequent data dumping for the creation of an excel database. Topographic maps and orthophotos at a scale of 1:5,000, and binoculars.|
Method step description:
- The generation of this database arises from the context of the BioReSTONE Project, developed by CTM, with the support of the Fundación Biodiversidad of the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge of Spain. The initiative aims to help natural stone quarries to comply with their restoration obligations stipulated in Law 22/1973 on Mines of 21 July and RD 975/2009 based on a vision that is more in line with current social and environmental demands. To this end, it was determined necessary to carry out field sampling of the four quarries included in the project. Sampling focused on vegetation and habitats, ornithofauna and herpetofauna. Birds are excellent indicators of biodiversity status, not only because their population trends integrate many ecological factors, but also because they are present in all habitats, are very sensitive to environmental changes and are generally easy to sample. Herpetofauna was included because water accumulations are found in the area.
- CARRASCAL, L.M. y PALOMINO, D. 2005. Preferencias de hábitat, densidad y diversidad de las comunidades de aves en Tenerife (Islas Canarias). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 28: 101-119.
- JÄRVINEN, O. y VÄISÄNEN, R.A. 1977. Line transect method: a standard for field-work. Polish Ecol. Stud., 3: 7-17.
- TELLERÍA, J.L. 1986. Manual para el censo de los vertebrados terrestres. Raíces, Madrid, España.
- Braun-Blanquet, J. (1977). Fitosociología. Editorial Blume, Madrid. 820 pp.
More information on the BioReSTONE project can be found on the following website: https://biorestone.com/.
|Purpose||This dataset has been created in order to have a record of the existing biodiversity in the study quarries included in the BioReSTONE project. This information can be used to update the restoration plans of the quarries. On the other hand, it is also a database that can be updated in the future to know how the diversity of species in each area changes over time.|