Coleoptera of Genting Highland, Malaysia: Species richness and diversity changes along the elevations
Latest version published by Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona on 26 August 2020 Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona

Diversity studies of beetles have been fairly well covered by the scientific community, but they focused little on the diversity change across elevations in the montane ecosystems. Elevational beetle diversity has not been explored at Genting Highland, Malaysia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess and understand species richness, abundance and diversity changes among beetles at Genting Highland along the elevations. We used multiple trapping methods and compared compositional differences (beta diversity) between elevations. Moreover, we compared three different types of trapping methods.

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The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 249 records.

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Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Musthafa, M. M., Abdullah, F., 2019. Coleoptera of Genting Highland, Malaysia: species richness and diversity changes along the elevations. Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. Dataset/Occurrence: https://doi.org/10.15470/i0uuis

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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: ad070c2c-587e-4ebb-a11e-489c0db0dd19.  Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.

Keywords

Abundance; Beetle; Biodiversity; Ecosystem; Forest; Checklist

Contacts

Who created the resource:

M. Muneeb Musthafa
Fac. of Technology
South Eastern University of Sri Lanka
University Park
32360 Oluvil
LK
F. Abdullah
Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science
University of Malaya
50603 Kuala Lumpur
MY

Who can answer questions about the resource:

M. Muneeb Musthafa
Faculty of Technology
South Eastern University of Sri Lanka
University Park
32360 Oluvil
LK

Who filled in the metadata:

Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor
Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona
Ps Picasso s/n
08003 Barcelona
Barcelona
ES

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Montse Ferrer
Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona
Ps Picasso s/n
08003 Barcelona
ES
Geographic Coverage

The mountains in Malaysia, the Titiwangsa Range, are located in the centre from Pahang to Kelantan states. Genting Highland is on the Pahang and Selangor border in Bentong District, which is just 50 km from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Bounding Coordinates South West [3.25, 101.321], North East [3.524, 102.151]
Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Family  Anthicidae,  Anthribidae,  Bostrichidae,  Brentidae,  Bupresidae,  Carabidae,  Cerambycidae,  Ceratocanthidae,  Chelonariidae,  Chrysomelidae,  Cicindelidae,  Cleridae,  Coccinellidae,  Curculionoidea,  Dryopidae,  Elateridae,  Endomychidae,  Eucnemidae,  Hydrophilidae,  Lampyridae,  Languriidae,  Lucanidae,  Lycidae,  Meloidae,  Mordellidae,  Nitidulidae,  Phalacridae,  Platypodidae,  Ptinidae,  Ptilodactylidae,  Psephenidae,  Salpingidae,  Scarabaeidae,  Scolytidae,  Silvanidae,  Scydmaenidae,  Staphylinidae,  Tenebrionidae,  Zopheridae
Temporal Coverage
Start Date / End Date 2015-12-01 / 2016-11-30
Project Data

The objective of this study was to measure beetle richness and diversity in Genting Highland at four major elevations (500 m, 1,000 m, 1,500 m and 1,800 m). Beetles were collected using light traps, malaise traps and pitfall traps. Altogether, 1,499 beetle samples representing 156 morphospecies were collected. Light trap and pitfall traps were more effective than Malaise trap.

Title Coleoptera of Genting Highland, Malaysia: Species richness and diversity changes along the elevations
Study Area Description The mountains in Malaysia, the Titiwangsa Range, are located in the centre from Pahang to Kelantan states. Genting Highland is on the Pahang and Selangor border in Bentong District, which is just 50 km from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Design Description Beetles were collected from sites at 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and 1800 m a.s.l. (Above Sea Level) (fig. 1). Light traps, Malaise traps and pitfall traps were used to collect the beetles. Two light traps, two Malaise traps and 25 pitfall traps with five sets of pitfall traps arranged in a diagonal shape were fixed at each elevation

The personnel involved in the project:

Muneeb M. Musthafa
Sampling Methods

Beetles were collected from sites at 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and 1800 m a.s.l. (Above Sea Level) (fig. 1). Light traps, Malaise traps and pitfall traps were used to collect the beetles. Two light traps, two Malaise traps and 25 pitfall traps with five sets of pitfall traps arranged in a diagonal shape were fixed at each elevation. Non-baited wet pitfall traps were 200 ml plastic cups (65 mm diameter, 9.5 cm depth) filled with 50 ml 70 % alcohol, sunk into the ground with the brim at ground level and large leaves were positioned at the same level to protect the traps from flooding ç. Malaise traps were made of nylon net with a collection jar half filled with 70 % alcohol. They were fixed to the branch of a tree not more than 1.5 m from the ground and they were also fixed for 24 hours. Light traps were made of mosquito netting with a 160 watt mercury bulb connected to a portable Honda EU10i portable power generator. It was fixed just above ground level and beetles attracted to the light were collected using collection bottles. Light traps were fixed for six hours at each elevational band from 6 pm to 12 am midnight

Study Extent The mountains in Malaysia, the Titiwangsa Range, are located in the centre from Pahang to Kelantan states. Genting Highland is on the Pahang and Selangor border in Bentong District, which is just 50 km from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Genting Highland is the most disturbed area. The entire summit region has been replaced by amusement parks, casinos and hotels (Peh et al., 2011). Before the conversion of Genting Highland into an entertainment site, this area was a virgin, undisturbed forest that could be reached only via jungle trekking (Stone, 1981; Piggott, 1977)
Quality Control All the collected samples were sorted and tallied to morphospecies level using established keys (Triplehorn and Johnson, 2005) and then cross checked with the Wildlife Department of Malaysia, University of Malaya, National University of Malaysia and Forestry department of Malaysia museum collections. The previous collection at our lab was also used to identify samples to morphospecies level.

Method step description:

  1. The commonly used nonparametric estimators ACE (Abundance-based Coverage Estimator), ICE (Incidence-based Coverage Estimator) and Chao 1estimators were used to calculate species richness at each altitudinal band using PAST 3.07 (Hammer et al., 2001). The Clench model was used to estimate the sampling effort efficacy with the use of estimated species. Richness and slope of the species accumulation curve for all beetles collected from each elevational transect were plotted using STATISTICA 8.0 (StatSoft Inc. 2007). Species abundance was calculated for all sampling methods at altitudinal band and differences between these values were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric tests. For diversity analysis, the Shannon diversity index, the Simpson diversity index and Fisher’s alpha diversity indexes were used, while the Margalef index was used to calculate calculation. Cluster analysis for abundance was conducted in STATISTICA 8.0, using a dissimilarity matrix with the Bray-Curtis index as a distance measure, and the Ward´s amalgamation algorithm. Beta diversity was measured through Bray-Curtis index of similarity as for the faunistic similar¬ity between the four altitudinal sites. Cluster analysis was also performed, using PAST 3.07 (Hammer et al., 2001) to define groups of sites according to species composition, using the Bray-Curtis index as a distance measure and the UPGMA (Unweighted Pair-Groups Method using arithmetic Averages) method as an amalgamation algorithm.
Bibliographic Citations
  1. Musthafa, M. M., Abdullah, F., 2019. Coleoptera of Genting Highland, Malaysia: species richness and diversity changes along the elevations. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 17: 123-144 https://doi.org/10.32800/amz.2019.17.0123
Additional Metadata
Alternative Identifiers 10.15470/i0uuis
ad070c2c-587e-4ebb-a11e-489c0db0dd19
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=coleoptera_malaysia