Exotic ants from the Maghreb (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with first report of the Hairy Alien Ant Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr) in Algeria

Versão mais recente publicado por Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona em Oct 10, 2019 Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona

We attempted to document all ant species ever collected in Maghreb, based on published accounts, the FORMIS database and examination of http//www.antweb.org, and established the percentage of exotics within the total number of known ant species. We compiled 16 exotic ant species found in the Maghreb in wild ecosystems, gardens and urban areas. Five of these introduced species are considered major ecological and agricultural household pest species that have become established above all in Morocco.

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Oussalah, N., Marniche, F., Espadaler, X., Biche M., 2019. Exotic ants from the Maghreb (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with first report of the Hairy Alien Ant Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr) in Algeria.

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O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 55a88b14-6151-4ba0-a609-38112106daef.  Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por GBIF Spain.

Palavras-chave

Tramp ants; Maghreb; Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi; Queen; Exotic ants

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

N. Oussalah
Higher National Agronomic School Algiers El-Harrach 12 Avenue Hassen Badi El Harrach Alger
N. Oussalah
Higher National Agronomic School Algiers El-Harrach 12 Avenue Hassen Badi El Harrach Alger DZ
X. Espadaler
CREAF, Autonomous University of Barcelona Cerdanyola del Vallés ES
M. Biche
Higher National Agronomic School Algiers, El Harrach 12 Avenue Hassen Badi El Harrach Alger

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

N. Oussalah
Higher National Agronomic School Algiers El-Harrach 12 Avenue Hassen Badi El Harrach Alger DZ

Quem preencher os metadados:

Montse Ferrer
Managing Editor
Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Ps Picasso s/n 08003 Barcelona Barcelona

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Usuário
Montse Ferrer
Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona Ps PIcasso s/n 08003 Barcelona Barcelona

Cobertura Geográfica

Sampling was performed in agricultural ecosystem and urban area in two locations of Algiers (Algeria): The first study site of ITMAS Hueraoua is located in the East area of Sahel-Mitidja, 30 km from the centre of Algiers; and bordered to the north by the Algerian Sahel, to the east by Lake Reghaia, to the west by Ain-Taya and Rouïba finally to the south by the commune of Rouïba. This station has geographical coordinates of 3°19'00"E and 36°46'60"N; elevation 42 m. The second study site of ENSV is located in El Alia-Oued Smar 14 km east of Algiers at the same time it is a part of Mitidja and Algerian Sahel where the urban area occupies a very small portion place around 10 m2 of surface. This station has geographical coordinates of 36°42’13” N and 3°10’20” E; elevation 52 m.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [22.513, -3.516], Norte Leste [33.285, 11.074]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Exotic ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Maghreb, Algeria

Ordem  Hymenoptera
Família  Formicidae
Gênero  Cardiocondyla,  Hypoponera,  Linepithema,  Lioponera,  Monomorium,  Nylanderia,  Paratrechina,  Pheidole,  Strumingenys,  Tetramorium,  Trichomyrmex

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 2016-01-01 / 2018-11-30

Dados Sobre o Projeto

n this paper we comment on the present understanding of non-native ants (= alien, exotic, introduced, transferred species) in Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). The ant fauna of Maghreb is still poorly known and knowledge of exotic ants is scant. Here we report the exotic ants of Maghreb including one non-native ant species, Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr, 1904), for the first time in Algeria. A second tramp species, Strumigenys membranifera Emery, 1869 was also recorded, this being the second record for Algeria. It is a minute dacetine predator and has been successfully distributed worldwide through commerce and human activities (Wetterer, 2011). Originally a Pantropical species, it now is found outside the tropics (Bolton, 2000). The species has successfully established in a wide range of habitats including forests, cultivated fields, pastures, and even manicured gardens and lawns (Deyrup, 1997).

Título Exotic ants from the Maghreb (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with first report of the Hairy Alien Ant Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr) in Algeria
Descrição da Área de Estudo Sampling was performed in agricultural ecosystem and urban area in two locations of Algiers (Algeria): The first one at the Institute of Technology on Specialized Agriculture (ITMAS Heuraoua) in a citrus orchard and the second at the High National Veterinary School (ENSV El-Harrach). The study site of ITMAS Hueraoua is located in the East area of Sahel-Mitidja, 30 km from the centre of Algiers; and bordered to the north by the Algerian Sahel, to the east by Lake Reghaia, to the west by Ain-Taya and Rouïba finally to the south by the commune of Rouïba. This station has geographical coordinates of 3°19'00"E and 36°46'60"N; elevation 42 m. The soil type is fine sandy clay and slightly basic. The local climate is subhumid temperate (Bounab, 2009). It occupies a total area of 31.6 ha of which market gardening is the most dominant followed by arboriculture and cereal crops, forage and cultivation under plastic. The agricultural area is estimated at 17.25 ha, with four ha being citrus established for 60 years with around 180 trees (Citrus sinensis) with four varieties. For our study we chose the variety Washington Navel (fig. 1). The trees were watered regularly during dry periods. Diverse adventive plants in association with citrus trees were scored, for example: oxalis Bermuda Buttercup (Oxalis cernua Thunb.), Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) and Solanum sp. The second study site of ENSV is located in El Alia - Oued Smar 14 km east of Algiers at the same time it is a part of Mitidja and Algerian Sahel where the urban area occupies a very small portion place around 10 m2 of surface. This station has geographical coordinates of 36°42’13” N and 3°10’20” E; elevation 52 m.
Descrição do Design Sampling was carried out at ITMAS Heuraoua on a monthly basis from January 2016 to October 2017. Standard pitfall traps consisted of a 10.4 cm diameter metal container placed with its top at the same level as the surrounding ground, and holding a solution of water plus a drop of liquid detergent to break the surface tension. Ten traps were placed under the trees in single line also, separated by almost 5m. They were left for 48 hours before being gathered and emptied of their contents. This is a well-known method (e.g. Hernández-Ruiz and Castaño-Meneses, 2006, and Berville et al., 2015). On November 2018 at ENSV El-Harrach, we intentionally collected the ants directly to survey exotic species inside the building. Ant samples were sorted to species level based on morphological characters. The specimens were studied under a Leica stereomicroscope and all except N. jaegerskioeldi were identified by M. F. using available keys (Cagniant, 1996, 1997, 2009). Digital images were prepared using Keyance digital with 4x microscope objective. Voucher specimens are kept at the Higher National Agronomic School Algiers.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

N. Oussalah

Métodos de Amostragem

Sampling was carried out at ITMAS Heuraoua on a monthly basis from January 2016 to October 2017. Standard pitfall traps consisted of a 10.4 cm diameter metal container placed with its top at the same level as the surrounding ground, and holding a solution of water plus a drop of liquid detergent to break the surface tension. Ten traps were placed under the trees in single line also, separated by almost 5m. They were left for 48 hours before being gathered and emptied of their contents. This is a well-known method (e.g. Hernández-Ruiz and Castaño-Meneses, 2006, and Berville et al., 2015). On November 2018 at ENSV El-Harrach, we intentionally collected the ants directly to survey exotic species inside the building.

Área de Estudo Sampling was performed in agricultural ecosystem and urban area in two locations of Algiers (Algeria): The first one at the Institute of Technology on Specialized Agriculture (ITMAS Heuraoua) in a citrus orchard and the second at the High National Veterinary School (ENSV El-Harrach). The study site of ITMAS Hueraoua is located in the East area of Sahel-Mitidja, 30 km from the centre of Algiers; and bordered to the north by the Algerian Sahel, to the east by Lake Reghaia, to the west by Ain-Taya and Rouïba finally to the south by the commune of Rouïba. This station has geographical coordinates of 3°19'00"E and 36°46'60"N; elevation 42 m. The soil type is fine sandy clay and slightly basic. The local climate is subhumid temperate (Bounab, 2009). It occupies a total area of 31.6 ha of which market gardening is the most dominant followed by arboriculture and cereal crops, forage and cultivation under plastic. The agricultural area is estimated at 17.25 ha, with four ha being citrus established for 60 years with around 180 trees (Citrus sinensis) with four varieties. For our study we chose the variety Washington Navel (fig. 1). The trees were watered regularly during dry periods. Diverse adventive plants in association with citrus trees were scored, for example: oxalis Bermuda Buttercup (Oxalis cernua Thunb.), Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) and Solanum sp. The second study site of ENSV is located in El Alia - Oued Smar 14 km east of Algiers at the same time it is a part of Mitidja and Algerian Sahel where the urban area occupies a very small portion place around 10 m2 of surface. This station has geographical coordinates of 36°42’13” N and 3°10’20” E; elevation 52 m.
Controle de Qualidade Ant samples were sorted to species level based on morphological characters. The Specimens were studied under a Leica stereomicroscope and all except N. jaegerskioeldi were identified by M. F. using available keys (Cagniant, 1996, 1997, 2009).

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Digital images were prepared using Keyance digital with 4x microscope objective. Voucher specimens are kept at the Higher National Agronomic School Algiers.

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Oussalah, N., Marniche, F., Espadaler, X., Biche M., 2019. Exotic ants from the Maghreb (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with first report of the Hairy Alien Ant Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi (Mayr) in Algeria. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 17:

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 10.15470/dgay4r
55a88b14-6151-4ba0-a609-38112106daef
https://ipt.gbif.es/resource?r=ants_maghreb